Soviet Union
Transport Launcher Erector Truck (1959) - c1,500 built 1959-1994
The ZIL-135 is a large eight-wheeled military transport Erector Launcher (TEL) also declined into a self-propelled artillery truck, both manufactured by ZiL on a similar chassis during the Cold War from 1959. This became the 8x8 Soviet Union prime mover and launcher platform for the Luna-M (NATO: Frog-7) surface-to-surface artillery rocket. The ZIL-135 was widely exported not only in the Warsaw Pact but also to North Korea and many other countries, seeing a lot of actions over the decades. This was also the TEL for the BM-27 Uragan system. Production was passed on to BAZ from 1963 until c1994, total numbers above 10,000 vehicles made since 1959, including foreign versions.


In the late fifties the Soviet Army wanted to develop a serie of mobile heavy weapon systems on a wheeled chassis aand it was recommended to create several new models with increased capabilities, as none of the classic 6x6 or 4x6 trucks that existed at that time were suitable for ten tonnes payloads. The platform would be useful also for large hardware modules and other uses. The technical data of the vehicles being created were a function of the mass and dimensional characteristics of the equipment that was supposed to be installed on their chassis. One of the first proposals came from the Special Design Bureau of the Moscow Automobile Plant Likhachev. This was the four-axle vehicles ZIL-135. The prototypes were unique, designed as super-lightweight machines capable of a 1/1 payload ratio and devoid (at first) of suspensions.

Following the failure of the 939/931 series, Bryansk shifted to production of a simplified version of the ZiL-135. Initially, the ZIL-135 was developed as a tractor for towing cannon artillery at the ZIL Special Design Bureau under the leadership of V. A. Grachev in the early 1950s. He was seconded by Designer Vitaly Andreevich and the Manufacturer was Likhachev Plant. It was accepted for service and production started in 1959. It went on until 1963 with ZIL and then from there to 1994-95 with BAZ. Upgraded versions appeared over the years, the latter being the BM.

The vehicle was equipped with two ZIL-123F engines with a power of 120 hp each installed behind the cab, but the following models would use the ZIL-375 engine. Each was responsible for its own side's wheels, for survivability. Due to the use of low-pressure tires, and to reduce height weight as much as possible, designers decided to abandon the suspension. It was a first. Instead, Vitaly Grachev wanted a chassis "galloping on a multi-axle system". The whole rationale behind it was that the load could be placed heavier and higher and counterbalancing a higher center of gravity.

ZIL 135K on the red square parade. src denisovets.ru

However this was later reverted. On the ZIL-135E, due to the absence of suspensions started to rattle ans suffer from resonance vibrations at a speed of 15-20 kph already on a dirt road. And it was supposed to be an off-road truck. During the same test, the driver pushed nevertheless to 60 km/h until vibrations were enough to made him loose control, not counting damage to the engines and mechanical parts. This was partially corrected with the next ZIL-135K featuring a reverse sloped windshield to avoid sun reflections, an elongated wheelbase. This revised vehicle had a distance between steering axles of 7,3 meters, but still run without suspension. It was quieter at 15-20 kph thanks to this large base but issues started when reaching 60 kph, so engineers went around the issue by placing a mechanical speed limiter.

This ZIL 135K was no different than the early serie, with a front and rear pair of steerable axle and two ZIL-375Ya gasoline engines plus a non-differential transmission, with an independent drive either side. So save weight it had at first a plastic cab derived from the ZIL 135E series, but also three all plastic three-seat configuration and still the same two pillars, three wipers, down-sloped windshield to counter early or late daylight glare. The ZIL-135K was setup to carry the S-5 cruise missile developed by the Chelomey Design Bureau. For it was designed a 12-meter container. It was not fully erected and launched forward. What was groundbreaking and really rewarding for the engineers was the fact this truck could carry more than its weight, a payload of 10,500 kg for its curb weight being 10,5 tons. In the Typical Russian harsh operating conditions this was not a luxury. In winter for example, ice tended to buildup atop of the payload, sometimes adding a ton or more while underway, when raining or snowing...

ZIL 135K with the launcher semi-erected for launching.

This 2P30 complex comprising the new Grachev truck and Chelomey rocket entered service on December 30, 1960. Only five were made at ZIL before being passed onto Bryansk Automobile Plant (BAZ) which made another 80. They also retook the typical reverse sloped windshield and angular cab for their future trucks. Meanwhile work went on a modernized vehicle at ZIL, studied by SKB, which planned to install the anti-ship missile Redut on the 135K. This time, given the shorter missile, it was possible to create a larger crew compartment behind the main cab in order to house all the complex's crew.

BAZ-135MBK (ZIL 135K) SPU-143 Redut. src SERGEI POPSUEVICH via keymil.

It was done and after successful prototype tests, enginneers still decided to improve the 135K, fitting a single YaMZ-238 diesel engine rated for 300 hp coupled with a single gearbox and inter-board differential gearbox for drive and torque distribution on either side. This ended as the BAZ-135MV. It was produced by BAZ. Later the latter also produced the BAZ-135MB from 1976 carrying and operating the tactical "Reis" jet drone Tu-143.

The team also tested a model which had an electric transmission. There were two main generators and eight electric motors, one for each wheel. This arrangement for the mid-60s was revolutionary. Each electric motor transmitted torque to its own wheel through a two-stage planetary gearbox. The prototype also had a torsion bar suspension kit for both its steering axles for testing, but it was abandoned and instead the conventional rigid suspension was kept. With the torsion bar suspension the payload could be elevated to 11,5 tons versus 8,6 tons due to the heavy electric transmission. It was also called ZIL-135E but not produced.

Gross weight9 tons9.8 tons
Payload10.5 tons11.5 tons
Full massUnknown21.4 tons
Top speed70 kph60 kph
Dimensions9,27 x 2,80 x 2,53 m9,27 x 2,80 x 2,53 m
Ground clearance58 cm58 cm
Track2,30 meters2,30 meters
Wheelbase6.30 meters6.30 meters
PowerplantV8 7 liters Gas. 2 carburetors, liquid coolingV8 Diesel, same.
Output2x 175 ho at 3200 rpm300 hp

Evolution towards the "familiar" ZIL-135

And then came a new vehicle, at least in appareance (which was more flattering), and best in the serie. The ZIL 135L and LM. On all 135L/LM, to avoid longitudinal swaying that plagued early series of the 135 family, it was decided to return to independent torsion bar suspension, with hydraulic shock absorbers also applied to the outer axles and maintain a rigid attachment to the frame and middle axles. Only the wheels of the outer axles are steered, but dimensions, load capacity or suspension design, bouyancy and amphibious capabilities as well as the wheelbase varied widely from one model to another. Until 1993 more than 1,000 were manufactured, by far the largest contingent.

General Design

This ZIL-135 has two gasoline engines which allowed this 20 tonnes behemoth to reach 65 kilometres per hour (40 mph) loaded on road. One engine was used to power the four left wheels, and the other to the right. This it was a true 8x8 or eight wheel drive, with steering applied only to the front and rear axles. Maximum cruising range was about 500 kilometres (310 mi). The vehicle was not armoured but had a fiberglass cab for sparing weight and increase load capacity, which was NBC protected, so the crew can launch its payload while renmaining inside, into a sealed compartment. The six-man crew was generally able to proceed to the launch from stopping to launching and on the road again in three minutes, less than the flying time of its payload.

The vehicle had an overall Weight 12,500 kg and a load capacity of 6 up to 8 tons on highway, 15 tonnes afloat or to carry 22 men. It was not compatible with tactical medium transport aircraft such as the Ll-76, being 3,30 meters wide and 3,10 meters high. Its ground clearance was 580 mm. The ZIL-135 V8 gasoline ZIL-375YA engines had carburetor for a total outout of 360 hp (264.6 kW) and a fuel tank capacity 560 liters. Depending of the versions, some were light enough to swim, at a water speed of 18 km/h. It could also climb a 31° slope.

BAZ 135MB at Patriot Park

ZIL 135L

ZIL-135L and BAV 135L4 truck

Standard 10 ton cargo variant, with a flatbed about 6/10 of its lenght, with non folding side panels and folding back panel. They were composed of a lower all metal bucket part above the flatbed and the usual add-on wooden/metal barriers. It could receive up to 10 tonne of payload on paper but in reality, these trucks were overloaded and 12-15 tonnes payload were not unusual. This was the baseline cargo version, with a troop capacity (nominal) of 22 men in two double end bunks rows but it could be more.

To come: 9K52 complex, Luna-M (Frog-7) TEL

(Future update)


ZIL-135P "dolphin" (1965)
  • ZIL-135 (9P113): 9K52 Luna-M TEL (1959)
  • ZIL-135R (9T29): Luna-M reloader truck (1959)
  • ZIL-135B: Amphibious version of ZIL-135 (1959)
  • ZIL-135E: Non-amphibious version of ZIL-135B (1960)
  • ZIL-135L: Improved suspension (1961), used as standard truck
  • ZIL-135LM: ZIL-135L with manual transmission (1963), production transferred to BAZ

  • ZIL-135K: C-5 missile TEL (1961), based on ZIL-135E, to BAZ 1962
  • ZIL-135Eh: Diesel-electric transmission (1965)
  • ZIL-135KM: P-5 Pyatyorka TEL (NATO: SS-N-3 Shaddock) to BAZ 1962
  • ZIL-135KP: land train (1969)
  • ZIL-135LN: Chassis-cab borrowed from ZIL-135K

  • ZIL-135P: amphibious landing transport (landing barge, 1965)
  • ZIL-135SH: Prototype zero-turn radius version.*
  • *Two ZIL-375Ya V8 engines, powering a generator to turn front struts from an Il-18 and rear axle from a ZIL-130.
  • ZIL-135K: 9P113 TEL for FCR-2 rocket (1961)
  • BAZ-135LM: 9P113 TEL with manual transmission (1963-1994)
  • BAZ-135LMT (BAZ-135L7): Tropicalized BAZ-135LM for export (1968)
  • BAZ-135LMP: BM-27 Uragan MLRS weapon system (GRAU 9P140) (1976)
  • ZIL-135LMR 9T422 BM-27 reloader truck (1976)
  • BAZ-135LTM: 9P113 TEL for 9M21 Luna-M missile (9K52 system) (1963)
  • BAZ-135L4: Civilian truck (1968)
  • BAZ-E135G: Experimental prototype with gas turbine engine
  • BAZ-135M1: Single diesel engine prototype

  • BAZ-135MB: SPU-35V system for the Tu-143 and Tu-243 jet drones (1964)
    • BAZ-135MBP: Metal cargo flatbed
    • BAZ-135MBK: Increased cargo and towing capacity (1991)
    • BAZ-135MBL: (1993)


Generric specs ZIL-135LM
Dimensions:9,260 x 3,130 x 3,060 mm (364.6 in x 123.2 in x 120.5 in)
Curb weight:7,000 kg (15,432 lb)
Tires:Not precised
Crew:2+ variant based, see notes
Propulsion:6.9 L ZIL-375YA V8 ×2*
Transmission:2x 6-speed automatic, or 2x 5-speed manual (135LM)
Speed:65+ kph
Range (road/off road):500 km+ variant dependent
Payload:10 tons nominal, 12t and more.
Production:c10,000 1959-1994
*Prototype: 2x 5.6 L ZIL-123F I6 ×2


Author's Renditions

1960 ZIL-135 Prototype (if plans found)

ZIL-135K P-5 TEL (in preparation)

ZIL-135KM C-5 TEL (in preparation)

ZIL-135P (in preparation)

BAZ-135MP truck

BAZ-135MP truck

ZIL-135L TEL serie

East German 9K52 complex Luna-M (Frog-7) 135LM TEL

Iraqi 9K52 complex Luna-M (Frog-7) 135LM TEL

BAZ-135LMP, BM-27 Uragan system variant



civilian zil 135L

reloading truck for the BM-27

WW1 Vehicles

British ww2 WWI trucks
British ww2 British WWI Vehicles
LGOC B-type troop Bus
Mack AC
Pierce-Arrow AA truck
BSA 14/18 hp-20/25 hp
BSA 13.9 h.p
Lanchester staff Car
Thornycroft J
Maudslay Lorry
AEC Y Type
Foster-Daimler Tractor
Motorc. Triumph H
Ford Model T Patrol Car
FWD Model B 3-ton Lorry
Leyland 3-ton truck
Vulcan truck
Vauxhall D-type staff car
Crossley 20/25 staff car
French ww2 French WWI Vehicles
Berliet CBA
Berliet Type M
Châtillon-Panhard Tractor
Panhard K11
Latil TAR Tractor
Panhard-Genty 24 HP
Renault EG
Renault AG1 Landaulet
Renault Truck 60CV
Renault FB Artillery Portee
Schneider CD Artillery Tractor
Soviet ww2 Russian WWI Vehicles
(list in research)
US ww2 US WWI Vehicles
Holt tractor
Liberty Trucks, assembled by:
  • Bethlehem
  • Brockway
  • Diamond T
  • Gardford
  • Gramm-Berstein
  • Indiana
  • Kelly-Springfield
  • Packard
  • Pierce-Arrow
  • Republic
  • Selden
  • SMTC
  • Sterling
  • Velie
  • Dart
  • Lafrance
Cadillac trucks/staff cars
Ricker truck
Ford Model T Mil.
Spruce log truck
Dodge M1918 Light Repair truck
Dart BB, E, L, Liberty CC4, J Tractor
5-ton Artillery Tractor
Ford Model T Ambulance
Mack AC "Bulldog" Truck
Holt 15-ton Tractor
Jeffery Quad Lorry
FWD Model B‎
Italy ww1 Italian WWI Vehicles
Lancia IZ
Fiat 15ter Ambulance
Fiat 15ter Lorry
Fiat 18BL Lorry
Hersent-Thiriont Flamethrower
(list in research)
Soviet ww2 Japanese WWI Vehicles
(list in research)
Belgian Dutch ww2 Belgian, Dutch and other WWI vehicles
Berna C2 Truck (Swiss)
(list in research)
German Empire ww1 German WWI Vehicles
A7V Überlandwagen
Büssing KZW1800 Artillery Tractor
Daimler Marienfelde Truck
Field Artillery Limbers
Große FeldKüche Hf.13
Mercedes 37/95 Staff Car
(list in research)
Soviet ww2 Austro-Hungarian Vehicles
Austro-Daimler Lorry
Austro-Daimler Artilleriezugwagen
B-Zug Artillery Tractor
Feldküche M.1915

Turkish vehicles Turkish WWI Vehicles
(list in research)

allied ww2 Allied ww2 Vehicles

British ww2 British Vehicles
-AEC Armoured Command Vehicle (415)
-AEC Matador
-Albion CX22S
-Albion FT15N
-Albion WD.CX24
-Austin K2/Y Ambulance
-Austin K3
-Austin K4
-Austin K4 Dropside
-Austin K5
-Austin K6 GS
-Austin K6 Gantry
-Bedford MW
-Bedford OXA Armoured
-Bedford OXC Semi-trailer
-Bedford OXD GS
-Bedford OYC Tanker
-Bedford OYD GS
-Bedford QL series (QLD, QLR/QLC QLT TC)
-Commer Q2
-Crossley Q-Type
-Diamond T tank transporter
-Guy Quad-Ant FAT
-Guy Lizard ACV
-Humber FWD
-Karrier KT4
-Karrier K6
-Leyland Hippo Mk I/II
-Leyland Lynx
-Leyland Retriever
-Mack EXBX
-Morris 15cwt
-Morris CDSW
-Morris ML Ambulance
-Morris C8 GS/FAT
-Morris Commercial CD series
-Morris Commercial CS8
-Morris C9
-Morris GS Terrapin
-Morris PU
-Scammell Pioneer SV1S/SV2S
-Thornycroft Hathi (1924)
-Thornycroft Nubian
-Thornycroft Tartar
US ww2 Canadian Trucks
-Ford F8 CMP
-CMP C15/F15 (1940)
-CMP C30/F30 LRGD (1942)
-CMP C30/F30 (1940)
-CMP C60/F60 LWB (1941)
-CMP C60/F60 SWB (1942)
-C-60X 6x6 CMP
-F-60H 6x4 CMP
-Ford F-GT CMP
-Chevy C-GT CMP
-C8A 1C1 HUP
-Chevrolet 3 ton truck
-Chevrolet WB 30cwt LRDG
-Chevrolet C8/C8A 4x2 CMP
French ww2 French Vehicles
-Berliet DGRA
-Berliet GDC
-Berliet GDM
-Berliet VDCA
-Berliet 30
-Bernard fuel carrier
-Citroën Kégresse P14 .
-Citroën Kégresse P17
-Citroën Kégresse P19
-Citroën Type 23
-Citroën 32U
-Citroën T45
-Fiat France 38R
-Ford France
-Hotchkiss PKW Type 680
-Hotchkiss 686
-Hotchkiss 686 PNA
-Isobloc W843M medical bus
-Laffly S15R
-Laffly S15T
-Laffly V15T
-Laffly V15R
-Laffly W15T/R
-Laffly 20TL
-Laffly 25
-Laffly 45
-Latil TAR H2
-Latil M2Tl6
-Matford F917
-Panhard K113 Truck
-Panhard K125 Truck/Bus
-Peugeot 202
-Peugeot 402
-Peugeot DMA
-Peugeot DK
-Peugeot DK5
-Renault AHS
-Renault AHN
-Renault AHR
-Renault AGC
-Renault ADK
-Renault ADH
-Renault AHSs
-Saurer type 3CT
-Simca 5 staff car
-Simca 8 staff car
-Somua MCL
-Somua MCG
-Talbot staff car
-Unic TU1
-Unic P107
-Trippel SG6
-Willeme DU10
Soviet ww2 Soviet Trucks
-GAZ AA M1927 M1932 M1941
-GAZ AAA M1937/1940
-Ford Marmon HH6 Katiusha
-SU C-6
-Yag-10 SPG
-ZIS-33 HT
-ZIS 41 HT
-FN-Kégresse T3

Soviet staff cars
-GAZ M1 "Emka"
-GAZ 11-73
-GAZ 61-73
-GAZ 67 Amphibious armoured cars
Soviet ww2 Czech Trucks
-Praga N (1915)
-Praga TNSPE (1916) AC
-Praga MN, LN (1926)
-Praga RN (1933)
-Praga SND (SNDgs) (1937)
-Praga RND (1935)
-Praga T6 (1937) artillery tractor
-Praga RV (1934)
-Praga AV (1936)
-Tatra 26
-Tatra 57/57K (1932-1940)
-Tatra 72
-Tatra 82
-Tatra 92
-Tatra 81
-Tatra 111
US ww2 US Trucks
-Autocar U8144T 5/6-ton 4x4 truck
-Brockway/LaFrance 6-ton 6x6 truck, G512, 514, 547, 569
-Brockway 6-ton 6×6 truck
-Chevrolet m1931
-Chevrolet m1936
-Chevrolet G506 1.5 ton 4x4 truck
-Chevrolet G-7107 4-1/2 ton 4x4
-Chevrolet 3116 1-1/2 ton 4x2
-Chevrolet AFWX-354
-Corbitt 6-ton 6×6 truck
-Diamond T Model 980/981 12-ton 6x4 trucks (G159)
-Diamond T Model 968 4-ton 6x6 truck (G509)
-Diamond T Model 967
-Diamond T Model 970
-Diamond T Model 972
-Diamond M26 Dragon Wagon
-Diamond M19 Tank Transporter
-Diamond T Model 980
-Diamond T 4-ton 6x6 truck
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton truck
-Dodge WC-51/52 (3⁄4-ton Trucks, Weapons Carrier)
-Dodge WC-53 (3⁄4-ton Carryall)
-Dodge WC-54/64 (3⁄4-ton Ambulance)
-Dodge WC-55 (3⁄4-ton Truck, M6 Gun Motor Carriage)
-Dodge WC-56/57/58 (3⁄4-ton (Radio) Command Reconnaissance)
-Dodge WC-62/43 (G-507, 11⁄2-ton, 6x6 truck)
-Dodge M6 GMC
-Dodge T-234 "China/Burma" truck
-Ford B3000 S
-Ford V3000S
-Ford V3000A
-Ford BB
-Ford V8-51
-Ford m1931
-Ford V8 M1937
-Four Wheel Drive Auto Company (FWD) SU-COE 5-6 ton 4x4
-International B2
-International model 1937
-Inl KR-11 5 ton 4x2 dump truck
-Inl M5-6 318 2-1/2 ton 6x6 swb
-G8T 2-1/2 ton 4x2 Truck
-Mack NR15 10-ton 6x4
-Reo 28 XS 10-ton 6x4
-Studebaker US6x4 U-5
-Studebaker US6x4 U-7
-Studebaker US6x4 U-6
-Studebaker US6 U4 bz35S 2-1/2 ton 6x6 truck
-T1E1(M1) half-track
-T5 half-track
-T7 half-track
-T9 half-track
-Ward LaFrance
-White 6 ton 6x6 Prime Mover
-White G-691 444T
-White 6-ton 6×6 truck G512, 514, 526, 547

US ww2 Small truck/car & Misc.
Bantam Reconnaissance Car
Ford GTB
6x6 Willys 'MT-TUG' ("Super-Jeep")
-Willys MB light truck
-Ford GPA ("Seep")
Buick Century Series 60
1941 Plymouth P11 Staff Car
Ford Fordor 1942 Staff Car
Harley-Davidson WLA motorcycle
US ww2 Tractors. M1 Heavy Tractor:
  • Allis-Chalmers Model L
  • G-022 Caterpillar Model 60
  • G-89 Caterpillar RD7
  • G-98, G-107 Allis-Chalmers HD-10DW
  • G-101 International Harvester TD-18
  • G-126 Caterpillar D7
  • G-153 Caterpillar D8

Axis ww2 Axis Trucks

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Sd.Kfz 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 were half-tracks designed just before the war as prime movers, to carry supplies, ammunition, personal, and tow artillery. Many were also converted during the war as armored versions carrying AA FLAK guns (Flakvierling, 37 mm, or the legendary 88 mm Rheinmetall als used as tank hunters), or were converted as nebelwerfer (rocket launching armored vehicles). They were built by Hanomag, Steyr, Mercedes-Benz, Bussing and many other manufacturers until 1945, over 20,000 half-tracks.

German ww2 German Military trucks
-Opel Blitz
-Mercedes-Benz L3000
-Magirus A3000
-Krupp Protze Kfz.19
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.68
-Krupp Protze Kfz.69
-Krupp Protze Kfz.70
-Krupp Protze Kfz.81
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.83
-Borgward B 3000
-Skoda Rad Schlepper
-Ost RSO Porsche 175
-Steyr Type 2000A
-Einheits Lkw Kfz.62
-Krupp LKW L3
-Bussing-Nag 4500
-Opel Blitz Omnibus
-Bussing-Nag L
-Mercedes-Benz L1500
-Beute Studebaker
-Krupp L3H
-Hanomag SS-100
-Beute Ford B3000 S, V3000S, V3000A
-Beute Ford model BB
-Beute Ford model V8-51
-Beute Tatra 111

German ww2 German Half Tracks

-Sd.Kfz.2 Kettenkrad
-Sd.Kfz.3 Maultier
-Sd.Kfz.4 Panzerwerfer
-Schwere Wehrmachtsschlepper
-Leichte Wehrmachtsschlepper
-Raupenschlepper Ost

German ww2 German Staff Cars

-Horch 81
-Horch 108
-Kfz.15 Horch 901
-VW 182 Kübelwagen
-VW Schwimmwagen
italy ww2 Italian Military trucks
L. Trucks (Autocarro Leggere)
-ОМ Autocarretta da Montagna
-Camioneta SPA TL.37
-Camioneta AS.43
-Fiat 618
Med. Trucks (Autocarro Medio)
-Alfa Romeo 430RE
-Alfa Romeo 800RE
-Bianchi Miles
-FIAT-626 NM
-Isotta Fraschini D65
-Isotta Fraschini D80
-SPA Dovunque-35
-SPA Dovunque-41
-SPA AS.37
-Autocarro Dovunque SPA 41/42

H. Trucks (Autocarro Gigante)
-Fiat 661
-Lancia Ro
-Lancia 3Ro and TE
-Lancia EsaRo
-ОМ Taurus
-ОМ Titano
-Autocarri Unificati Ursus

italy ww2 Artillery tractors
-Breda TP32
-Breda TP 40
-Breda TP 41
-Breda 6x4 51
-90/53 su Breda 52
-Breda 61 (licenced SdKfz-7)
-Fiat-SPA T.L.37
-Pavesi Р4.31 (L140)
-Fiat 727 half-track artillery tractor
-SPA TM40 wheeled artillery tractor

italy ww2 Staff Cars
-Alfa Romeo 6С2500 Coloniale
-Fiat 508M Ballila
-Fiat 508CM Coloniale
-Fiat 1100 (1937) (Balilla-1100 Coloniale)
-Lancia Aprilia Coloniale
-Bianchi VM 6C
-Fiat 2800 CMC

italy ww2 Motorcycles
-Benelli 500 M36/VLM
-Bianchi Supermil 500
-Gilera 500 LTE
-Moto Guzzi Alce/Trialce
-Volugrafo Aermoto 125
Japan ww2 IJA/IJN ww2 vehicles
-Toyota 4x4 Su-Ki (Amphibious truck)
-Isuzu Type 94 truck
-Type 94 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 95 Mini-truck
-Type 97 4-Wheeled Truck
-Type 1 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 2 Heavy Truck
-Toyota KB/KC Truck
-Nissan 80 Truck
-Nissan 180 Truck
Japan ww2 Tractors
-Type 92 5 t Prime Mover "I-Ke"
-Type 98 6 t Prime Mover "Ro-Ke"
-Type 92 8 t Prime Mover "Ni-Ku"
-Type 95 13 t Prime Mover "Ho-Fu"
-Type 94 4 t Prime Mover "Yo-Ke"
-Type 98 4 t Prime Mover "Shi-Ke"
-Type 96 AA Gun Prime Mover
-Type 98 20 mm AA Machine Cannon Carrier
-Type 98 Half-tracked Prime Mover "Ko-Hi"
-Type 98 20 mm AA Half-Track Vehicle
-Experimental Heavy Gun Tractor Chi-Ke
-Experimental Crawler Truck
-T G Experimental Crawler Truck
-Fordson Prime Mover
-Pavessi Gun Tractor
-50 hp Gun Tractor
-Komatsu 3 ton Tractor
-Light Prime Mover
-Clarton Prime Mover
-Holt 30

Japan ww2 Staff cars
-Toyota AA/AB/AC
-Type 93 6/4-Wheeled Passenger Car
-Type 95 Passenger Car "Kurogane"
-Type 98 Passenger Car
-Model 97 Nissan Staff Car, Nissan 70

Japan ww2 Motorcycles
-Rikuo Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 97 Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 93 side car

Japan ww2 Misc.
-Type 94 Ambulance
-Type 94 Repair Vehicle

Cold War & Modern Vehicles

Section pending completion.
BAV-485 * MAZ-543 * GAZ 46 * GAZ 67B * GAZ/UAZ-69 * GAZ 51 * GAZ 63* ZIL-131 * GAZ 66 * KrAZ-214 * KrAZ-255 * KrAZ-260 * KZKT-7428 * MAZ-535 * MAZ-537 * MAZ-7310 * Ural 375 * URAL 4320 * ZIL-135 * ZIL-151 * ZIL-157 * ZIL-157/PR-11M * ZIL-6 * ZIL-6

* * * * Praga V3S * Tatra 813
Ford G398 * Borgward BE3000 * Henschel HS 115 * Hanomag AL 28 * Mercedes Standard 4.5L * Mercedes LG 315/46 * Magirus-Deutz 170 * Magirus-Deutz 232 * Magirus-Deutz Jupiter 6x6 * Magirus-Deutz A 6500 * MAN KAT-1 * SLT 50 Elefant TT * Liebherr 8x8 GLW * MAN TGM Mil 18 4x4 * Liebherr 4x4 FKL * MAN 630 L2 * Mercedes LA * Unimog 404 2.5 standard * DKW Munga (1956) * Mercedes G-class * Volkswagen Type 181 (1968) * Volkswagen Iltis (1978) * MAN LX Tactical Trucks * M3 Amphibious Rig
Willys Jeep CJ series * Jeep M606 * Jeep M38A1 * Jeep M170 * M151 Mutt * M422 Mighty Mite * CJ V-35(/U) * M274 4x4 "Mule" * M37 Series 4x4 "Power Wagon" * M35 Series 6x6 * M54 Series 6x6 * M123/M125 6x6 * M715 series 4x4 * M561 6x6 "Gamma Goat" * M656 Series 8x8 * M880 series 4x4 * M809 series 6x6 * M520 4x4 "Goer" * M915 series 6x4 * M911 C-MET 8x6 * CUCV M1008 4x4 * HMMWV 4x4 * M939 Series 6x6 * HEMTT M977 8x8

Land-Rover * Bedford RL * Bedford TK/MK * Bedford TM * AEC Militant * Austin K9 * AEC Mandator TEL


Nissan 2.5 Truck * * Hitachi Type 73 artillery tractor (1974) * Toyota Type 73 * Isuzu HST * Nissan Patrol * Mitsubishi Type 73 * Toyota Land Cruiser *
Jiefang CA10 * Jiefang CA30
Beijing BJ212 * Beijing BJ2020 * Dongfeng EQ240/EQ2081 * Dongfeng EQ245/EQ2100 * Dongfeng EQ2050 * FAW MV3 * Hanyang HY4260 * Hanyang HY4330 * HTF5680A1 * SFQ2040 LieYing * Xiaolong XL2060 * Jiefang CA-30 * NJ2045/2046 * Shaanxi SX2190 * Shaanxi SX2150 * TA580/TAS5380 * TA5450/TAS5450 * TAS5500 * TAS5570 * TAS5690 * Type 82 truck * WS2300 * WS2400 * WS2500 * Wanshan W-2600 * WS21200 * WS51200
Renault TRM 10000 GP | Renault RM 700-100 TT | Renault TRM 2000 lorry | Berliet GBC 8 TK & Renault GBC 180 | Renault Kerax* | Iveco PPT3 | PML VPCM | Scania CCP10 | Scania TRA TOE NG | Renault ESRC | Renault ESRC AVIT | Renault CCPTA | Mercedes CCP3/5 | Renault Carapace | Renault CDLR | Renault PPDL | Renault CDLR CBH 385 | VLTT | Grizzly LUV | VOS-APP LUV | VOS-PAT LUV | Acmat VLRA | Panhard VPS LUV | Aquus AREG VLFS | Renault T4 VLTP NG | Arquus Trapper VT4 | French Mil. Quads | Renault Kangoo | French Bulldozers | Souvim Minesweeper | EFA Bridgelayer | Renault PFM BDL | SPRAT AVLB

Modern Trucks

Section pending completion.


Tatra Prithvi | Ashok-Leyland Agni II TEL


Iveco ACTL


AMT 25, AMT 950, DAC, Roman, Dacia Duster.


Rantis P6 ATAV


UAZ Esaul * Kamaz 6560 * Pantsir S1


Renault TRM 10000 GP | Renault RM 700-100 TT | Renault TRM 2000 lorry | <Renault Kerax | Iveco PPT3 | PML VPCM | Scania CCP10 | Scanian TRA TOE NG | Renault ESRC | Renault ESRC AVIT | Renault CCPTA | Mercedes CCP3/5 | Renault Carapace | Renault CDLR | Renault PPDL | Renault CDLR CBH 385 | VLTT | Grizzly LUV | VOS-APP LUV | VOS-PAT LUV | Acmat VLRA | Panhard VPS LUV | Aquus AREG VLFS | Renault T4 VLTP NG | | French Mil. Quads | Renault Kangoo | French Bulldozers | Souvim Minesweeper | EFA Bridgelayer | Renault PFM BDL | SPRAT AVLB


Mercedes 250GD Wolf | Mercedes Wolf SSA | Mercedes G300 Greenliner | VW T3/T4/T6 van | BWM G650 GS | BMW F850 GS | BMW R1150 RT | BMW R1200 RT | KTM 400LS-E BdW | LIV(SO) Serval | German quads | Faun LST50-3 Elefant | Faun STL56 Franziska | Faun SLT Mammut | RMT HX81 | SAANH 70T | Mercedes Unimog U3/4/5000 | Mercedes Zetros | MAN KAT1 | RMT Multi 2 | RMT WLS 6x6 | RMT UTF WLKS 8x8 | | MAN TGS 8x4 | MAN TGS 6x4 | MAN RMMV TGA | Mercedes Atego | Mercedes Axor | EWK M3 Amph.Rig | Liebherr FKL | Liebherr FKM | T.Faun FKS ATF 30-2 | T.Faun FKS ATF 70-4 | T.Faun FKS ATF 100-5 | T.Faun FKS ATF 110-5 | T.Faun FKS ATF 120-5 Obelix | Steinbrock 2.5 Y4 | Herbst-Smag Orion V | Konecrane SMV 2216 TC3 | Ahlmann AS1600 | Liebherr 574 | MAN Cobra Radar | Liebherr LTM 1050


Defenture Mammoth | to come | placeholder | MLC-70 WGMST


United Kingdom:

RWMIK land rover | Toyota Jankel Al-Thalab | Sky Sabre | Alvis Unipower | land Rover Wolf | Land Rover Defender BFA | Alvis Supacat ATMP | Marshall Gasket 3 | MAN SV (Mark I-III)


Interim Fast Attack Vehicle | M1161 Growler | Boeing Phantom Badger | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |