Sd.Kfz.6 Zugkraftwagen 5t

German army vehicles Germany (1936-45) - Utility Half Track - 3,640 built


The Sonderkraftfahrzeug 6 ("special motorized vehicle 6") was a German half-track of World War II, prime mover for the 10.5 cm leFH 18 howitzer, manufactured to 3,640 vehicles by Büssing-NAG, Mercedes Bens and BMM. It was also used as supplier and troop carrier, and declined into the armed/armored variants such as the 37 mm FlaK36 auf Fahrgestell Zugkraftwagen 5t and 7.62 cm FK 296(r) Selbstfahrlafette auf Zugkraftwagen 5t (Sd.Kfz. 6/3) tank hunter.

Design development

Already during the First World War, half-track vehicles had been developed by Germany. In the interwar J.A. Maffei AG developed the agricultural wheeled tractor ZW 10, which was converted to a half-track for testing purposes. 24 of the total production were delivered to the Reichswehr for evaluation, in an improved version called MSZ 201 in 1930. Dürkopp works was developing on its side a new half-chain tractor and soon fell specifications for a use on Central and Western European road conditions by the Reichswehr. The office asked for high speeds on road, good traction off-road.

However, no track drives could do both yet. Development work led to a more sophisticated system, the Kettenlaufwerke and later Schachtellaufwerk (overlapping and interleaved main road wheels) introduced to the German army in 1936 and enabling speeds of up to 50 km/h on road. Fast road travel caused steering problems which were resolved also by the half-track directional front axle. Steering was further developed so that at a certain angle in one direction, the inside curve chain was automatically braked for chain steering, allowing better turning radius and more power while doing this.

As part of rearmament program, Wa Prüf 6 department (headed by chief engineer Kniepkamp) commissioned Krauss-Maffei to develop a "light all-terrain traction vehicle", leading to the production of the prototype KM I 4 in 1934. Kraftfahr- und Motorisierungsabteilung (Wa Prüf 6) or "Automotive and Motorization Department" was part of the larger Office Group for Development and Testing setup as part of the Heereswaffenamt (Wa A) in 1933. It was a long derived organization derived from the quartermaster system and Rifle Testing Commission, Artillery Testing Commission which were all dissolved in 1918 and grouped into the Waffenamt or "Weapons Office" (inspectorate for weapons and equipment) founded in the Reichswehr Ministry under Colonel Wurtzbacher. On May 5, 1922, it became the Army Weapons Office or Heereswaffenamt (HWA).

From September 1, 1939 if fell under the Chief of Army Armaments, Commander of the Reserve Army, namely Friedrich Fromm headquartered in Berlin, Hardenbergstraße 29. Tests were performed at the army research institutes in Kummersdorf and Peenemünde and other locations.

Krauss-Maffei was a 1838 founded steam locomotives manufacturer founded by J. A. Maffei in Munich-Hirschau, bankrupt in 1930 and taken over by its competitor Krauss & Comp. (1860, Allach). The company was also know for its Steam rollers have from 1908 and in 1927 Maffei made a road tractor under French license, and trucks with the Swiss company Berna. Krauss-Maffei was born and settled in Munich-Hirschau from 1938 with a 60-hectare site in Munich-Allach. It was tasked to developed the KM 1/4 prototype.

About Büssing-NAG



The vehicle was eventually approved for production in 1936 after many tests, and manufacturer chosen for the task was to be Büssing-NAG. The company was founded in 1903 by Heinrich Büssing, and started production of trucks, motor buses and engines, in Braunschweig's Elmstraße after designing a successful 10-seats bus in 1900. In 1908 the company was closed to the Viennese mechanical engineer Anton Fross and by 1909 a machinery factory was established in Vienna-Brigittenau producing as Fross-Büssing from 1915 under license, after WWI relocated in Prague, Továrna, active until 1931.

From 1920 Heinrich Büssing Automobilwerke KG was founded but in limited partnership with Hermann Fischer designed its new logo, a stylized Braunschweig lion. The company was rebranded in 1922 Heinrich Büssing Automobilwerke AG, HQ Salzdahlumer Strasse and started production of an American Bus from 1926. The 1929 economic crisis struck when a new three-axle cab-over-control bus was presented (Trambus) becoming the company's trademark until 1971. From 1931 Büssing-NAG, United Commercial Vehicles AG was just a subsidiary of AEG but offered a large range commercial vehicles and industry leader. Facilities were relocated in Elbing, East Prussia as Büssing-NAG Werk Ost. Trucks had a specific chrome-plated radiator face for better brand identification from 1933 and 1938 new underfloor motors were tested. The company was a major manufacturer of Trucks for the Wehrmacht in WW2.

Final Vehicle


Wehrmacht tractors on a Popular Mechanics article

Only one prototype of the "leichter geländegängiger Zugkraftwagen" (Vskfz. 616) type KM I 4 was made by Krauss-Maffei in 1934. Eight serial vehicles by Büssing-NAG (BN l 4) had many similarities to the m. Zgkw. 8t, type KM m 8 also developed by Krauss-Maffei but larger (future Sd.Kfz.8). Contrary to the KM m 8, the KM l 4 and BN l 4 only three road wheels per side and its front mudguards were not swung to the rear. The vehicle was finalized with the right engine as the le. gl. Zgkw. (Sd. Kfz. 6) early in 1936. The production version of the chassis however had one more axles for four central roadwheels axles instead of three per side. The final had seven axles suspended by torsion bars, three outer wheels, four inner wheels in the interleaved scheme. The last axle acted as track tensioner.

During development, the use of the Sd.Kfz. 6 was planned for the engineer and artillery units of the army. Several modifications were made to the chassis and new engine adopted, until the final engine chosen. Responsibility for the development transferred to Büssing-NAG was a manufacturing decision as the latter could deliver the awaited output for the army. The company started in 1936 to produce a first small serie of 8 vehicles designated BN I-4 and in 1937 Daimler-Benz was included in licensed production.

Design

The Sd.Kfz.6 was a typical German half-track of this generation, with a ladder frame chassis, engine at the front, and transmission to the drive sprockets at the start of the tracked section of the chassis to the rear. The front wheels were not tracted in any way and just used for direction only. The traction was all made by the tracks, enabling the required off-road caracteristic wanted for a half-track. The same system was used by the whole range of such vehicles. Its overall Weight depending on its use and modifications, from 8.8 to 8.5 tons and even 9 tons, although the armoured and armed versios such as the 6/3 tank hunter reached 12 tonnes.

In the forward hood was installed the engine, the Maybach NL 38 TR Spezial, later replaced in production by the more powerful NL 38 TUK and NL 54 TUKRUM. They were all six-cylinder in-line models, which deplaced, dependong of the respective versions 3.791 Liters or 3.791 Liters or 5.420 liters, for a final output from 100 hp to 150 hp on the NL 54 TUKRUM.

Classed as "medium" these vehicles had a useful paylopad on the rear flatbed of 5 t whatever the version. The engine was started by a Bosch BJH 1.4/12 ignition system, later replaced by the BJH 1.4/12 and BJH 1.8/12 magneto for late production (wartime). The engine was coupled with a single carburettor Solex JFF 40 II. In WW2 with the NL 54 TUKRUM these were two Solex JFF 40 II for a twin downdraft off-road system, self-regulating starter. Engine consumption was 50 or 60 liters every 100 km and 90 liters when off-road as tested. The Range was 300 km on road and 130 off-road, but of course using it on roads was not recommanded due to excessive vibrations, although the track links were padded. Top speed on flat went at best to 55 km/h. Al other half-tracks these vehicles traded speed for better off-road caracteristics.

Superstructures for its two basic tasks varied, to carry large or smaller teams on bunks, depending if they were engineers (pioneers) or artillery crews, which included specially made storage areas for the ammunition rounds, in standby behind closed doors. Unlike smaller half-tracks like the Sd.Kfz.11 and 10 which had different bunks arrangement for maximizing payload, the model 6 was the first to really stack bunks tranversally, reather than seats, enabling more potential seating. No les than four bunks were arranged, the first one being stopped where the driver's seat started, but larger enough to carry two men side by side. This made for a total of twelve seats, but it was pushed in reality up to 16. The artillery vehicle 6/1 had less seats, having one missing bunk at the rear, replaced by the ammunition storage. This still made for potentially 9-11 personal. It should be noted that the crew of a 10.5 cm leFH 18 howitzer was just six, so the more reasonable caacity was nine, with an officer and two extra hands supplying ammunitions.

As the war progressed, the Sd.Kfz.6 was planned as a towing vehicle for the 8.8 cm PaK 43 (K.St.N. 1146 for heavy tank destroyer companies) with two vehicles of the 12 m.Zgkw 5t each as linked tractors "zug", but nothing came of it.

Weapons:

The basic SdKfz.6 and 6/1 carried no onboard weapon (no pintle-mounted LMG for example). But the crew's individual weapons, Mp38 pistols and mp40 LMGs or rifles. However there were three "armed" versions, one towed, and two in portee (carried over it). The artillery towing vehicle had the 10.5 cm leFH 18 as designed (but more were towed in WW2). The 10.5 cm leFH 18 was considered a "light field howitzer", standard artillery piece of the Wehrmacht adopted in 1935, used by all divisions and artillery battalions. 11,848 were produced plus 10,265 of the leFH 18/40 variant. It was also horse-drawn and used on many self-propelled versions using as base the Panzer 2, H35, Char B1 or 37L chassis. Max range was 10,675 m (11,674 yd) at 6-8 rpm.

The portee 3.7 cm FLAK 36/37 was fully automatic and effective up to 4,200 m. It was also used in ground support roles but 1944 a German copy of the Bofors 40 mm started to appear as well as the replacing 35-mm AA from Switzerland, developmed from the Oerlikon. As the PAK 36 was also a 37mm, the FLAK 36 just used a few common parts, and on its standard mount can elevate -8° to +85° and had a rate of fire of 160 rpm cyclic with 6-round clips. Max range was 4,200 m (4,600 yd) for cailing and against ground targets,7,995 m (8,743 yd).

As for the the "Diana" tank hunter, they used only ten captured Soviet guns 76.2 mm which were dedicated anti-tank guns of excellent performances.

Production

From the fist large serie of the BN l 5 (184 units), followed the BN l 7 (281), BN l 8 (464), BN 9 (617), BN 9 V (2nd serial prototype, for wartime production), and wartime BN 9b (1,167) at Büssing-NAG. Mercedes BMM joined the production for the BN 9b (300), BN 11 V (one prototype), DB l 5 (313), DB l 7 (228) and DB l 8 (272) which production ending globally in November 1943. Indeed Speer wanted to rationalize haff-track production towards a unique model to lower costs and allow better interchangeability.

The rough early production ratio was 1/3 engineer, 2/3 artillery for the 6 and 6/1, making the bulk of the production. Conversions were made from standard vehicle. Production figures were insufficiently documented however. Only the army's inventory provide information on speed delivery rates, and from 1 September 1939, 1,506 vehicles has been registered in the Wehrmacht already and 68 vehicles for the Luftwaffe. Büssing-NAG was given the task of developing the Sd.Kfz. 6 "standard" from 1943 using a new heavy Wehrmacht tractor but ot went nowhere so production of the time was as good as terminated at this point.

The next schwere Wehrmachts Schlepper (s.W.S.) saw a small production though, five pre-production vehicles in December 1943 followed by 851 vehicles up to March 1945 by Büssing-NAG and Ringhofer-Tatra. This was nowhere near what Speer expected, around 60,000 yearly from all manufacturers in the new standard. As for the Sd.Kfz.6 somes sources states 4,000, others 3,500 but the more often stated figure is 3,640. Perhaps variants are added to the mix, or those from BMM. The 3,640 are based on plate numbers as recorded by the Waffenamt.

Variants

Typically, the Sd.Kfz.6 was to be used by bridgelaying units and divisional artillery. The vehicle was declined in four versions total, although the first two shared the same denomination for clarity: The Sd.Kfz.6/1 Pioneerswagen. The prime mover was called Sd.Kfz.6/1 artillerie, and the two later ones developed whhen WW2 broke out with the "flak" and "PzJg" with specific superstructures and equipments, performed by a conversion specialist.

Sd.Kfz. 6 pioneerwagen

Also called Zugkraftwagen 5 t mit Pionier-Aufbau and this version was towing typical trailer loads which were medium "pontoons" Pf.10 or Pf.11 and light pontoons Pf. 14 and 15 for pioneers (engineers). These "pontoons" were in reality storm boat trailers, and the engineering vehicles PF. 10, 11 and 12 carried engineering equipment. The rest accomodated extra equipments in their storage areas instead of ammunition and personal, plus their personal gear. This was a common vehicle for the river crossing/assault teams in 1939, a first wave enabling to install pontoon bridges afterwards.

Sd.Kfz. 6/1 artilleriewagen

Also called Zugkraftwagen 5 t mit Artillerie-Aufbau: Standard half-tracked prime-mover used for towing various artillery pieces in addition to the regular 10.5 cm leFH 18 howitzer, able to transporting anything up to 15 gun personal/troops seated on three bunks.

Sd.Kfz. 6/2 FLAK

37 mm FlaK36 auf Fahrgestell Zugkraftwagen 5t (Sd.Kfz. 6/2): Sd.Kfz. 6 fitted with a 3.7 cm Flak 36 anti-aircraft gun, sides would fold down to allow space to work on a crew of seven. Its weight was 10,400 kg and length was about 6.5 meters. Like the SdKfz 6, the SdKfz 6/2 had a top speed of about 50 km/h and could carry around 190 liters of gasoline. It should be also noted than the previous Sd.Kfz.11 was also chosen as a base to install a 20 mm FLAK, almost fully armored, but the 3.7 cm was too heavy for it. Thus, the Sd.Kfz.6 became the first half-track to carry the standard medium AA gun. More on the dedicated page.

Sd.Kfz. 6/3 "Diana"

7.62 cm FK 296(r) Selbstfahrlafette auf Zugkraftwagen 5t (Sd.Kfz. 6/3). Sd.Kfz. 6 carrying a captured Soviet 76 mm F-22 gun portee in an armoured superstructure. However only 11 were so converted, a pinprick in the Jadg. Abteilungs and nine sent in operational service with the Afrika Korps. The gun was redesignated FK 36(r) or PaK 36(r) and its weight and dimensions varied slightly depending on the production model, early ones being 10,500 kg, aberage lenght 6.1 meters with the rear section protected by 5mm of armor plating. The crew of 5-6 had to share space with a hundred 76.2 mm rounds. More on the dedicated page.

Combat Records

With 3,600 vehicles, the Sd.Kfz.6 was certainly not the most common German half-track of the war, Costly and small, it was mostly replaced in 1943 by the larger Sd.Kfz.7.

Pioneers vehicles

German Sd.Kfz.6 Halbkettenzugmaschine Pionierausfuhrung: As said above, it was attributed to pioneer units tasked of crossing river (Sturmpionierbataillon or assault pioneer battalion, performing engineering tasks during an infantry assault). They used assault boats for the first wave, the next carrying in trailer the larger pontoons to be used as provisional pontoon-bridges. They were used prominently during the invasion of Poland in 1939 as bridges were all dynamited by Polish troops to cross the Warta and reach Lodz, and later the Vistula to reach the capital Warsaw and for subsequent river crossings like the Meuse in May 1940.

They were also in action in the Balkans and Russia. Sd.Kfz. 6 pioneerswagens were intended to procure a beach-head for the engineers, to be followed by cable-towing and setting the main axles on which were hooked the serial pontoons. When all were pushed transversally across the river, a new set of cables was stretched to hook on metal and wooden frames that wood contitute the flexible "road" usable by Wehrmacht tanks of reasonable weight (up to Panzer IV).

Prime Movers

Towing the 10.5 cm leFH 18 was also a task given to the Sd.Kfz.11 also. Both were pressed into the many artillery batallions assigned to various motorized and standard infantry divisions as well as Panzerdivisions. The main problem with the SdKfz 6 was that it was expensive to produce and that it is why other half-tracks were used more often. They coped however well as expected to the taxing autumn conditions on the eastern front, less bogged down than standard trucks as expected. Production was terminated in 1943 after an adjustement towards a simpler, cheaper version in 1942, but the vehicle was replaced altogether by the SdKfz 7/2. Therefore with lack of maintenance and parts as well as fatigue, wear and tear, they became a rare sight by 1945. It was also considered a bit too small to be a good self-propelled platform, only seeing two conversions. The 9 SdKfz 6/3 converted went all in North Africa, whereas the Luftwaffe obtained the earlier Sd.Kfz.6/2.

Links/Books about the Sd.Kfz.6

Lepage, Jean-Denis (2007). German Military Vehicles of World War II. McFarland.
Bishop, Chris, ed. (1998). The Encyclopedia of Weapons of World War II. Aerospace Publishing. The prototype KM I 4 on kfzderwehrmacht.de
The Sd.Kfz.6 on wikipedia.com
The SdKfz 6 kfzderwehrmacht.de
1/72 3D printer model
List of SdKfz designations

Bussing-Nag Sd.Kfz.6 (HL 54 TUKRM) specifications

Dimensions6.325 x 2.26 x 2.50 m ()
Gauge (wheeltrack)1,825 cm wheels and 1,700 cm () tracks
Track width32 cm ()
Special gauge200 cm with track extensions
Ground clearance 32 cm ()
Total weight, battle ready9.0 t (max.)
Payload1.5 t, 5 tons utility flatbed
Crew2 (driver, co-driver) + 14 troops
PropulsionMaybach HL 54 TUKRM 115 hp (85 kW)
Power-to-weight ratio12.8 hp/t
Top speed50 km/h (road)
Off-road Performances Climb 24° sloped, ford 60 cm water
Transmission & suspension4+1 speed ZF, Torsion Bars, see notes
Maximum range190 ltr tank, 300 km (road)
ArmamentNone 1-1/1, but 37 mm and 76 mm 2/3 versions
ArmorNone, but /2 and /3 versions (partial)
Production

Gallery


Pioneers Sd.Kfz.6 vehicle in Poland, 1939.


Sd.Kfz.6 Pioneer Vehicle 1939

Camouflaged SdKfz.6
Camouflaged SdKfz.6, eastern front 1942

Late production vehicle
Late production vehicle (1943) as delivered in base factory paint, naked chassis


290th Infantry Division Russia 1941


155th Artillery Regiment 21 Paner Division, Libya Autumn 1941


6/1 prime mover of an armored regiment, Bulgaria summer 1941 towing the LeFh18 Howitzer

Close view of the same
Close view of the same

SdKfz-6
Camouflaged Sd/Kfz.6/1 artillery prime mover, Eastern front summer 1941


6/1 1st Batallion 75th Artillery Regiment (Mot.) 3th Panzerdivision Russia July 1941


6/1 from the 1st Battallion Artillery Regiment Grossdeutschland Kursk, July 1943


6/1 of the 73th Panzer Artillery Regiment 1st Panzerdivision Ukraine, March 1944

Sd Kfz.6/2
Sd.KFz.6/2 of the 290th FLAK Abteilung of the Luftwaffe attached to the 5th Panzerdivision
Eastern Front, Summer 1944


Sd Kfz.6/3
7.62cm Pak 36 (r) Auf 5t Zugkraftwagen Sd Kfz.6/3 "diana" of the Afrika Korps, 605 Pzabt.(mot), Libya May 1941.

Mittlerer Zugkraftwagen 5 t Sd.Kfz.6


In Muzeum Szkolenia Wojsk


Towing in a "zug" the crane fjell at festning, norway, december 1942


SdKfz6 towing a 10.5 cm Le fH18 in Russia, Northern Front 1942


Motorized troops using a SdKfz6


I Greece, Zugkraftwagen Ortschaft


Sd.Kfz.6/2 37cm Flak in Greece, Recolored


Damaged vehicle at El Alamein, 1942

Video

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-Dodge WC-54/64 (3⁄4-ton Ambulance)
-Dodge WC-55 (3⁄4-ton Truck, M6 Gun Motor Carriage)
-Dodge WC-56/57/58 (3⁄4-ton (Radio) Command Reconnaissance)
-Dodge WC-62/43 (G-507, 11⁄2-ton, 6x6 truck)
-Dodge M6 GMC
-Dodge T-234 "China/Burma" truck
-Ford B3000 S
-Ford V3000S
-Ford V3000A
-Ford BB
-Ford V8-51
-Ford m1931
-Ford V8 M1937
-Four Wheel Drive Auto Company (FWD) SU-COE 5-6 ton 4x4
-International B2
-International model 1937
-Inl KR-11 5 ton 4x2 dump truck
-Inl M5-6 318 2-1/2 ton 6x6 swb
-G8T 2-1/2 ton 4x2 Truck
-Mack NR15 10-ton 6x4
-Reo 28 XS 10-ton 6x4
-Studebaker US6x4 U-5
-Studebaker US6x4 U-7
-Studebaker US6x4 U-6
-Studebaker US6 U4 bz35S 2-1/2 ton 6x6 truck
-T1E1(M1) half-track
-T5 half-track
-T7 half-track
-T9 half-track
-Ward LaFrance
-White 6 ton 6x6 Prime Mover
-White G-691 444T
-White 6-ton 6×6 truck G512, 514, 526, 547

US ww2 Small truck/car & Misc.
Bantam Reconnaissance Car
Ford GTB
6x6 Willys 'MT-TUG' ("Super-Jeep")
-Willys MB light truck
-Ford GPA ("Seep")
Buick Century Series 60
1941 Plymouth P11 Staff Car
Ford Fordor 1942 Staff Car
Harley-Davidson WLA motorcycle
US ww2 Tractors. M1 Heavy Tractor:
  • Allis-Chalmers Model L
  • G-022 Caterpillar Model 60
  • G-89 Caterpillar RD7
  • G-98, G-107 Allis-Chalmers HD-10DW
  • G-101 International Harvester TD-18
  • G-126 Caterpillar D7
  • G-153 Caterpillar D8

Axis ww2 Axis Trucks


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Sd.Kfz 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 were half-tracks designed just before the war as prime movers, to carry supplies, ammunition, personal, and tow artillery. Many were also converted during the war as armored versions carrying AA FLAK guns (Flakvierling, 37 mm, or the legendary 88 mm Rheinmetall als used as tank hunters), or were converted as nebelwerfer (rocket launching armored vehicles). They were built by Hanomag, Steyr, Mercedes-Benz, Bussing and many other manufacturers until 1945, over 20,000 half-tracks.

German ww2 German Military trucks
-Opel Blitz
-Mercedes-Benz L3000
-Magirus A3000
-Krupp Protze Kfz.19
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.68
-Krupp Protze Kfz.69
-Krupp Protze Kfz.70
-Krupp Protze Kfz.81
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.83
-Borgward B 3000
-Skoda Rad Schlepper
-Ost RSO Porsche 175
-Steyr Type 2000A
-Einheits Lkw Kfz.62
-Krupp LKW L3
-Bussing-Nag 4500
-Opel Blitz Omnibus
-Bussing-Nag L
-Mercedes-Benz L1500
-Beute Studebaker
-Krupp L3H
-Hanomag SS-100
-Beute Ford B3000 S, V3000S, V3000A
-Beute Ford model BB
-Beute Ford model V8-51
-Beute Tatra 111

German ww2 German Half Tracks

-Sd.Kfz.2 Kettenkrad
-Sd.Kfz.3 Maultier
-Sd.Kfz.4 Panzerwerfer
-Sd.Kfz.6
-Sd.Kfz.7
-Sd.Kfz.8
-Sd.Kfz.9
-Sd.Kfz.10
-Sd.Kfz.11
-Schwere Wehrmachtsschlepper
-Leichte Wehrmachtsschlepper
-Raupenschlepper Ost

German ww2 German Staff Cars

-Horch 81
-Horch 108
-Kfz.15 Horch 901
-VW 182 Kübelwagen
-VW Schwimmwagen
italy ww2 Italian Military trucks
L. Trucks (Autocarro Leggere)
-ОМ Autocarretta da Montagna
-Camioneta SPA TL.37
-Camioneta AS.43
-SPA CL39
-SPA ТМ40
-Fiat 618
Med. Trucks (Autocarro Medio)
-Alfa Romeo 430RE
-Alfa Romeo 800RE
-Bianchi Miles
-Ceirano-50СМ
-FIAT-626 NM
-Isotta Fraschini D65
-Isotta Fraschini D80
-SPA Dovunque-35
-SPA Dovunque-41
-SPA AS.37
-SPA-38R
-Autocarro Dovunque SPA 41/42

H. Trucks (Autocarro Gigante)
-FIAT-633NM
-FIAT-634N
-FIAT-666
-Fiat 661
-Lancia Ro
-Lancia 3Ro and TE
-Lancia EsaRo
-ОМ Taurus
-ОМ Titano
-Autocarri Unificati Ursus

italy ww2 Artillery tractors
-Breda TP32
-Breda TP 40
-Breda TP 41
-Breda 6x4 51
-90/53 su Breda 52
-Breda 61 (licenced SdKfz-7)
-Fiat-SPA T.L.37
-Pavesi Р4.31 (L140)
-Fiat 727 half-track artillery tractor
-SPA TM40 wheeled artillery tractor

italy ww2 Staff Cars
-Alfa Romeo 6С2500 Coloniale
-Fiat 508M Ballila
-Fiat 508CM Coloniale
-Fiat 1100 (1937) (Balilla-1100 Coloniale)
-Lancia Aprilia Coloniale
-Bianchi VM 6C
-Fiat 2800 CMC

italy ww2 Motorcycles
-Benelli 500 M36/VLM
-Bianchi Supermil 500
-Gilera 500 LTE
-Moto Guzzi Alce/Trialce
-Volugrafo Aermoto 125
Japan ww2 IJA/IJN ww2 vehicles
-Toyota 4x4 Su-Ki (Amphibious truck)
-Isuzu Type 94 truck
-Type 94 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 95 Mini-truck
-Type 97 4-Wheeled Truck
-Type 1 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 2 Heavy Truck
-Toyota KB/KC Truck
-Nissan 80 Truck
-Nissan 180 Truck
Japan ww2 Tractors
-Type 92 5 t Prime Mover "I-Ke"
-Type 98 6 t Prime Mover "Ro-Ke"
-Type 92 8 t Prime Mover "Ni-Ku"
-Type 95 13 t Prime Mover "Ho-Fu"
-Type 94 4 t Prime Mover "Yo-Ke"
-Type 98 4 t Prime Mover "Shi-Ke"
-Type 96 AA Gun Prime Mover
-Type 98 20 mm AA Machine Cannon Carrier
-Type 98 Half-tracked Prime Mover "Ko-Hi"
-Type 98 20 mm AA Half-Track Vehicle
-Experimental Heavy Gun Tractor Chi-Ke
-Experimental Crawler Truck
-T G Experimental Crawler Truck
-Fordson Prime Mover
-Pavessi Gun Tractor
-50 hp Gun Tractor
-Komatsu 3 ton Tractor
-Light Prime Mover
-Clarton Prime Mover
-Holt 30

Japan ww2 Staff cars
-Toyota AA/AB/AC
-Type 93 6/4-Wheeled Passenger Car
-Type 95 Passenger Car "Kurogane"
-Type 98 Passenger Car
-Model 97 Nissan Staff Car, Nissan 70

Japan ww2 Motorcycles
-Rikuo Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 97 Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 93 side car

Japan ww2 Misc.
-Type 94 Ambulance
-Type 94 Repair Vehicle

Cold War & Modern Vehicles

Section pending completion.
BAV-485 * MAZ-543 * GAZ 46 * GAZ 67B * GAZ/UAZ-69 * GAZ 51 * GAZ 63* ZIL-131 * GAZ 66 * KrAZ-214 * KrAZ-255 * KrAZ-260 * KZKT-7428 * MAZ-535 * MAZ-537 * MAZ-7310 * Ural 375 * URAL 4320 * ZIL-135 * ZIL-151 * ZIL-157 * ZIL-157/PR-11M * ZIL-6 * ZIL-6


* * * * Praga V3S * Tatra 813
Ford G398 * Borgward BE3000 * Henschel HS 115 * Hanomag AL 28 * Mercedes Standard 4.5L * Mercedes LG 315/46 * Magirus-Deutz 170 * Magirus-Deutz 232 * Magirus-Deutz Jupiter 6x6 * Magirus-Deutz A 6500 * MAN KAT-1 * SLT 50 Elefant TT * Liebherr 8x8 GLW * MAN TGM Mil 18 4x4 * Liebherr 4x4 FKL * MAN 630 L2 * Mercedes LA * Unimog 404 2.5 standard * DKW Munga (1956) * Mercedes G-class * Volkswagen Type 181 (1968) * Volkswagen Iltis (1978) * MAN LX Tactical Trucks * M3 Amphibious Rig
Willys Jeep CJ series * Jeep M606 * Jeep M38A1 * Jeep M170 * M151 Mutt * M422 Mighty Mite * CJ V-35(/U) * M274 4x4 "Mule" * M37 Series 4x4 "Power Wagon" * M35 Series 6x6 * M54 Series 6x6 * M123/M125 6x6 * M715 series 4x4 * M561 6x6 "Gamma Goat" * M656 Series 8x8 * M880 series 4x4 * M809 series 6x6 * M520 4x4 "Goer" * M915 series 6x4 * M911 C-MET 8x6 * CUCV M1008 4x4 * HMMWV 4x4 * M939 Series 6x6 * HEMTT M977 8x8

Land-Rover * Bedford RL * Bedford TK/MK * Bedford TM * AEC Militant * Austin K9 * AEC Mandator TEL

IFA G5

Nissan 2.5 Truck * * Hitachi Type 73 artillery tractor (1974) * Toyota Type 73 * Isuzu HST * Nissan Patrol * Mitsubishi Type 73 * Toyota Land Cruiser *
Jiefang CA10 * Jiefang CA30
Beijing BJ212 * Beijing BJ2020 * Dongfeng EQ240/EQ2081 * Dongfeng EQ245/EQ2100 * Dongfeng EQ2050 * FAW MV3 * Hanyang HY4260 * Hanyang HY4330 * HTF5680A1 * SFQ2040 LieYing * Xiaolong XL2060 * Jiefang CA-30 * NJ2045/2046 * Shaanxi SX2190 * Shaanxi SX2150 * TA580/TAS5380 * TA5450/TAS5450 * TAS5500 * TAS5570 * TAS5690 * Type 82 truck * WS2300 * WS2400 * WS2500 * Wanshan W-2600 * WS21200 * WS51200
Renault TRM 10000 GP | Renault RM 700-100 TT | Renault TRM 2000 lorry | Berliet GBC 8 TK & Renault GBC 180 | Renault Kerax* | Iveco PPT3 | PML VPCM | Scania CCP10 | Scania TRA TOE NG | Renault ESRC | Renault ESRC AVIT | Renault CCPTA | Mercedes CCP3/5 | Renault Carapace | Renault CDLR | Renault PPDL | Renault CDLR CBH 385 | VLTT | Grizzly LUV | VOS-APP LUV | VOS-PAT LUV | Acmat VLRA | Panhard VPS LUV | Aquus AREG VLFS | Renault T4 VLTP NG | Arquus Trapper VT4 | French Mil. Quads | Renault Kangoo | French Bulldozers | Souvim Minesweeper | EFA Bridgelayer | Renault PFM BDL | SPRAT AVLB

Modern Trucks

Section pending completion.

India:

Tatra Prithvi | Ashok-Leyland Agni II TEL

Italy:

Iveco ACTL

Romania:

AMT 25, AMT 950, DAC, Roman, Dacia Duster.

Indonesia:

Rantis P6 ATAV

Russia:

UAZ Esaul * Kamaz 6560 * Pantsir S1

France:

Renault TRM 10000 GP | Renault RM 700-100 TT | Renault TRM 2000 lorry | <Renault Kerax | Iveco PPT3 | PML VPCM | Scania CCP10 | Scanian TRA TOE NG | Renault ESRC | Renault ESRC AVIT | Renault CCPTA | Mercedes CCP3/5 | Renault Carapace | Renault CDLR | Renault PPDL | Renault CDLR CBH 385 | VLTT | Grizzly LUV | VOS-APP LUV | VOS-PAT LUV | Acmat VLRA | Panhard VPS LUV | Aquus AREG VLFS | Renault T4 VLTP NG | | French Mil. Quads | Renault Kangoo | French Bulldozers | Souvim Minesweeper | EFA Bridgelayer | Renault PFM BDL | SPRAT AVLB

Germany:

Mercedes 250GD Wolf | Mercedes Wolf SSA | Mercedes G300 Greenliner | VW T3/T4/T6 van | BWM G650 GS | BMW F850 GS | BMW R1150 RT | BMW R1200 RT | KTM 400LS-E BdW | LIV(SO) Serval | German quads | Faun LST50-3 Elefant | Faun STL56 Franziska | Faun SLT Mammut | RMT HX81 | SAANH 70T | Mercedes Unimog U3/4/5000 | Mercedes Zetros | MAN KAT1 | RMT Multi 2 | RMT WLS 6x6 | RMT UTF WLKS 8x8 | | MAN TGS 8x4 | MAN TGS 6x4 | MAN RMMV TGA | Mercedes Atego | Mercedes Axor | EWK M3 Amph.Rig | Liebherr FKL | Liebherr FKM | T.Faun FKS ATF 30-2 | T.Faun FKS ATF 70-4 | T.Faun FKS ATF 100-5 | T.Faun FKS ATF 110-5 | T.Faun FKS ATF 120-5 Obelix | Steinbrock 2.5 Y4 | Herbst-Smag Orion V | Konecrane SMV 2216 TC3 | Ahlmann AS1600 | Liebherr 574 | MAN Cobra Radar | Liebherr LTM 1050

Netherlands:

Defenture Mammoth | to come | placeholder | MLC-70 WGMST

Spain:

➹ Santana Anibal |

Turkey:

United Kingdom:

RWMIK land rover | Toyota Jankel Al-Thalab | Sky Sabre | Alvis Unipower | land Rover Wolf | Land Rover Defender BFA | Alvis Supacat ATMP | Marshall Gasket 3 | MAN SV (Mark I-III)

USA:

Interim Fast Attack Vehicle | M1161 Growler | Boeing Phantom Badger | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |