Soviet trucks ZIS-6 Truck (1933)

6x6 Utility Truck (1936-48), 21,239 built*

ZIS-6: The 6x4 ZIS-5 utility Soviet Army truck.

The two trucks widely used in WW2 were the ZIS-5 and GAZ AA with 1,5 million on the field, but they led also to a serie of variants, including a 6x4 version of the ZIS-5, called the ZIS-6. Its heavuer rear axles allowed to carry larger loads.


Author's illustration of the ZiS-6

ZIS-5 trucks as a base

The ZIS-5 was the first large scale production of ZIS (now ZIL), a factory founded in 1916 under the acronym AMP for "Avtomobilnoïe Moskovskoye Obshchestvo". It was an Imperial government creation for a domestic automobile industry in Russia back in 1915, one of six new automobile factories. FIAT won the contract to built the plant in 1917 and produce its universal 1.5 tonne truck Fiat 15, however work was suspended during the revolition and resumed only to be completed in 1919. Factory AMO P. Ferrero (April 1923) delivered its AMO F-15 in 1924, produced until 1931 (6,084), and the AMO-2 with a copy of the Hercules-WXB engine (1,715) and AMO-3 (1931) but in 1933 the company became ZIS (Zavod Imeni Stalina) and started military production as well. Its most successful product became the ZIS-5, produced from 1933 up to the end of WW2, with the wartime ZIS-5V and a derivative with two rear axles, the ZIS-6. The prewar ZIS-10 to 14 were cancelled and wartime ZIS-22, ZIS-32, ZIS-33 never took off. Better than two rear axles, tracks were also adopted, to give the vehicles better performances.

Production of ZIS-6

*According to Soviet registers, the most produced trucks in USSR ever was the GAZ MM (419,812), a derivative of the Ford built in USSR. Some sources goes as far as one million ZIS-5 but it's not corroborated by official sources and more probably the addition of the ZIS-5, 5V and 6 and all the other ZIS models. The factory records for production in 1933-41 (ZIS-5), 1942-48 (ZIS-5V) and 1933-41 (ZIS-6) shows respectively 325,051, 207,260 and 21,239 vehicles, so 533,550 vehicles. This is slighlty less than the famous ww2 GMC family (353, 352 and variants). They still were the most produced ZIS trucks, after the early interwar AMO-3 (34,969 produced), which stays on top. The latter was produced from 1931 to 1933, and derived from the AMO-2 (1930) and AMO-F15 (1924).

In 1933, the AMO factory was created in Moscow, named Factory No. 2 Zavod Imeni Stalina, and the first model manufactured here was the ZiS-5. In the fall of 1941, the production line of the Moscow plant was shut down, as German troops were close. The main ZiS plant was moved to Ulyanovsk, on the Volga and another was built in Miass, Chelyabinsk Oblast in the Ural. The Production in Ulyanovsk adopted the brand UASZIS and ran from February 1942 to 1944, and UralZiS Ulyanovsk really started on July 1944 and both contrentrated on the ZIS-5V. The Moscow plant relaunched its production from April 1942 until 1948 and concentrated on the remorotized ZiS-50. In 1955, UralZiS heavily modified the ZiS-5 with new engines, designated UralZiS-355 (ZiS-355).

Design of the ZIS-6

The ZIS-6 was narrowly based on the ZIS-5. It was practically identical, apart some adjustments needed to the chassis, and the whole rear axle. The ZIS-5 has nothing to do with the initial Fiat-15 or the AMO-3 but it was a licenced version of the recently purchased American Autocar Model CA. Its initial payload was ranging from 2,500 to 3,000 kgs and it had better cylinders than the original 101.6 mm, better compression ratio and a 5555 cm3 capacity to produce 73 hp, also producing a better torque. Speed on road was 60 kph with a larger large fuel tank. This were all real improvements making the Russian vehicle far more than a simple copy. The ZIS-5 chassis was 6060 mm and wider, but using the same wheelbase as the AMO-2. The gearbox was also an older model used on the AMO-2.

On its part, 6x4 ZIS-6 was derived in 1934, but as a copy of the American Morris 2 10-CWT despite its appearance as a ZiS-5 with a rear twin axle.

It was propelled by a 73 hp 6-cylinder engine (2300 trpm) with a 4-speed gearbox, able to reach 55 kph. Its main caracteristic of course was its rear twin axle each with two roadwheels so eight tires back, two front. The back axle was mounted on a pivot to allow some move on an uneven ground, with double stack leaf springs; These were not military-grade tyres although well grooved for off-road trips, and two spare tires were carried, oblique-mounted on the lower chassis behind the cabin. The ZIS-6 measured the same as the regular ZIS-5, 6.060 m in lenght, 2.235 m in width and 2.160 m in height but weight more, 4,230 kg instead of 3,100 kgs. Some specialized variants like mobile workshops had a longer chassis. Other experimental vehicles tested better off-road caracteristics but never went into production: The ZIS-42 was a pure 6x6 quite promising for example, and so were the YAG-10 (3 axles, 1932-1941 and YAG-12 (experimental version 4 axles vehicle 1932). The latter had twin articulated axles, front and rear, with eight tires at the rear and four forward. This solution was intended to deal with snow and mud. The true successor of the ZIS-6 was produced from 1947 at the same factory and resolutely more modern lines, the ZIS-151.

Characteristics (*ZIS 6)

  • Wheels arrangement: 6x4
  • Carrying capacity: 4 tons
  • Length: 6060mm
  • Width: 2235mm
  • Height: 2160mm
  • Wheelbase: 3700mm
  • Front wheel track: 1525mm
  • Rear wheel track: 1675mm
  • Full (Net) weight (kg): 4230 kgs
  • Engine: ZIS-5/5M*, 6 cyl. 101.6 mm stroke 114.3mm
  • Compression ratio/ Capacity: 4.6, 4.6/5.3*, 5555cm³
  • Output (hp.): 73hp
  • Max engine revolutions (r.p.min-1): 2300
  • Max Torque: 28.5
  • Gearbox type; 4-step
  • Final Drive Ratio: 6.41
  • Tires: 34x7 inches
  • Max speed: 55 kph
  • Fuel tank capacity: 60 liters
  • Fuel consumption: 33 l/100km

ZIS-6 Katiusha: Soviet rocket artillery

Relatively simple, innacurate, yet with a powerful schock value, the Soviet rocket launchers familarly known called "Katiusha" (after a common Russian girl name) became a very important component of Soviet mobile artillery during the war. The "Stalin's organs" were designed in July 1941, and built by the "Compressor" Plant's Design Office. For this, trucks available were requisitioned to carry ramps and rockets. It was only logical that two types in particular were favored: The 6x4 twin rear axles ZIS-6 and GAZ AAA. But the ZIS-6 was considered having the best off-road performances of the two was became the preferred platform, with three built, the BM-3, BM-6 and BM-12 which varied because of their ramps. Some had shorter ramps but carried more rockets, the other longer range, long ramps, fewer rockets. Not only the rear flatbed was completely modified and a tubular frame was installed mounted on a pivot for some traverse and hand-crank elevation but a compressor for electric or hydraulic elevation/traverse, and pivot-mounted multiple ramps plus the ignition system which allowed to fire the whole host of rocket in waves instead of all at once.

Variants

These reused the ZIS-6 as a base. Some combined a longer chassis and wheelbase with a single axle, others were half-tracks. Some were converted as searchlight truck, radio and radio repair station (Parm1) mobile field workshop, outside its troop carrier, prime mover for artillery (Carrying all Soviet AT guns and light field guns), and supply delivering vehicle. But the most famous one was the VVS-RKKA aircraft fueller BZ-ZIS-6.
  • ZIS-6: Standard three-axle version. (1934-1941)
  • ZIS-8: Bus based on the ZiS-11 (1934-1938)
  • ZIS-10: Tractor truck with semi-trailer (1938-1941)
  • ZIS-11: Extra long wheelbase firetruck (1934-1936)
  • ZIS-23: Three-axle ZiS-15.
  • ZIS-36: 6x6 Prototype version (1941) of the ZIS-6
  • ZIS-42: Semi-tracked version of the ZIS-6 (1942-1944)


YAG-12 8x8 prototype

YAG-10 prototype

Armoured variant: BA-ISH

Unlike the sturdier GAZ-AAA chassis that was used as a base for the BA-3, the ZIS-6 was also though out as an alternative to it and armoured, with the same turret. Its story is typical of the desperation of early 1942: Izhorsk Plant in Leningrad, during the siege of 1942 decided to create is equivalent to the BA-3, using ZIS-6 chassis and spare BA-6 turret rather than a T-26 turret due to the weight differences between the BA turrets and the T-26 ones, although it's not impossible one or two had T-26 turrets from disabled tanks mounted, but welded in place. BA turret was 9 mm thick only versus 13 on the T-26 indeed. Production was limited due to the nature of the siege itself, with the ZIS-6 trucks available built previously at the Moscow Zavod imeni Stalina factory.

BA meant "BroneAvtomobil" for "armoured car", ISH were initials related to the Izhorsk Plant. The plant already had experience with armoured cars, building the experimental D-13 armored car in 1932 (not adopted) on the base of the GAZ AA, later turned into the BA-I based on the Ford Timken 6x4 truck, the designation referring to BroneAvtomobil-Izhorskiy (and not BA-1 as seen in Western literrature). This led to the development of the mass-produced BA-3 and BA-6.

With such knowhow and skills, plus turrets spare and ZIS-6 chassis, the Izhora plant was able to built a few armoured cars, used by the Leningrad militia, during the siege of Leningrad. Like the BA-3 it had a full armored body and the same turret as the BA-3 armored car, armed with a 45-mm 20K gun. However there is little information available on this model.


BA-11

In fact the Izhorsk plant also experimented with other improvised armored car, notably by armoring the rear with an armored box the turret mad it top heavy, others just house an antitank gun). The engine deck was covered in the same pattern armor all IZ trucks were plated with (so usual non-hardedened steel offering weak protection). Only one ZIS-6 armored car could have been manufactured as showing in just a single, rare photograph. There were at least 50 APC versions as well, with the cabin and rear bay protected by plating. As a product of desperation, these vehicles likely performed poorly.

The ZIS-6 in action


ZIS-6 on the Kolyma road

The main use of this utility truck, having a sturdied double rear axle allowed to carry heavier payloads and thus soon specialized the vehicle. More were used in specialized variants during the war than actual prime movers and troop transports. The most famous was the Katiusha variant, loaded with rockets (see above) but it was sturdy enough to be armored (BA ISH) as well. Towards the end of WW2, more specialized variants were in service than utility trucks. They also carried large payloads like artillery and aviation parts, fuselage and wings, and heavy tanks as fuel trucks and fire trucks. But the best adaptation of the ZIS-6 was without contest the last Soviet heavy armoured car, the BA-11, created on the basis of a shortened chassis. Its production was cut short during Operation barbarossa, after only around 18 were delivered at the Izhora factory at the start of the siege of Leningrad, based from the new prototype made in 1940 reportedly based on the ZiS-34 (a new 6x4 variant of the ZIS-6) in Moskow and produced as the BA-11D, the only production that ever took place.


29K improvized tank hunter with a ZIS-3 antitank gun on the flatbed of a ZIS-6

Src/Sources

I. Moshchansky, "Shturm Karel'skogo vala", Vyborsko-Petrozavodskaya strategicheskaya nastupatel'naya operatsiya 10 ijyunia - 9 avgusta 1944 goda", Voyennaya Letopis'/Military Chronicle, 5/2005
A. Galushko, M. Kolomiets. "Boi za Kharkov v Mae 1942 goda", Frontovaya Illyustratsia/Frontline Illustration, 6/2000 (2nd ed.)
"ZIS-5, ZIS-5V" part 1, Muzei Tekhniki No. 6, Moscow, ~2000.
I. Moshchansky, A. Savin, "Bor'ba za Krym. Sentyabr' 1941 - Iyul 1942.", Voyennaya Letopis', No.1, 2002
T. Abashidze,. I.Moshchansky, "Okruzheniye Yugo-Zapadnogo Fronta. Kievsjaya strategicheskaya oboronitelnaya operatsia. 7 Ijulia-26 Sentiabrya 1941 goda. Chast'. 2". Moscow, Voyennaya Letopis/Military Chronicle, 4/2003
T. Abashidze, I. Moschansky, "Kievskaya Strategicheskaya Oboronitelnaya operatsia. Part 1. Tragedia pod Umanju" , 2003
https://www.o5m6.de/redarmy/zis_5.php
https://forum.axishistory.com/viewtopic.php?t=199748&start=45
http://armchairgeneral.com/rkkaww2/weapons/Trucks_buses.htm#ZIS
http://armchairgeneral.com/rkkaww2/galleries/trucks/ZIS_5.htm
http://calameo.download/001352928ff7f7488694a
http://www.wardrawings.be/WW2/Files/1-Vehicles/Allies/2-USSR/11-Trucks/Trucks/File/ZIS-Trucks.htm https://www.the-blueprints.com/blueprints/trucks/zis/
https://tanks-encyclopedia.com/ww2/soviet/izhorsk-improvised-armored-vehicles

Model kit of the BA-ISH; Regular truck: Zebrano, Toga 1/72, Ho-Ki Models 1:43, Ark models 1:35, MSD 1:35, also BZ-6 and BZ-35. Full list on Scalemates

Illustrations

Main utility trucks

ZIS-5-4x4

ZIS-5 4x4, base version for comparison



Basic ZIS-6 truck



ZIS-6 in winter camouflage



ZIS-6 towing a M30 howiter, winter 1941/42



ZIS-6 with tarpaulin

ZIS-6-ZIS-3-gun

ZIS-6 towing a ZIS-3 field gun and crew


Specialized variants



ZIS-6 AA: Quad PM M1910



Parm1b mobile workshop truck



Mobile projector, for AA defence or river defence



BZ-ZIS-6 Mobile fuel tank truck in airfields. The BZ-35 was an upgraded variant.



Firetruck



BM-3 basic Katiusha with eight double stack ramps, medium range



BM-8 Katiusha variant, same, short range



BM-13 Katiusha variant, same, long range



Armoured car Izhorsk BA ISH, winter Leningrad 1941-1942

BA-11

BA-11 Armoured Car, 1941

Gallery









WW1 Vehicles

British ww2 WWI trucks
FR: Berliet CBA, Berliet Type M, Châtillon-Panhard, Latil TAR, Panhard-Genty 24 HP, Renault EG

allied ww2 Allied ww2 Vehicles

British ww2 British Vehicles
-AEC Armoured Command Vehicle (415)
-AEC Matador
-Albion CX22S
-Albion FT15N
-Albion WD.CX24
-Austin K2/Y Ambulance
-Austin K3
-Austin K4
-Austin K4 Dropside
-Austin K5
-Austin K6 GS
-Austin K6 Gantry
-Bedford MW
-Bedford OXA Armoured
-Bedford OXC Semi-trailer
-Bedford OXD GS
-Bedford OYC Tanker
-Bedford OYD GS
-Bedford QL series (QLD, QLR/QLC QLT TC)
-CMP FAT
-CMP Truck
-Commer Q2
-Crossley Q-Type
-Diamond T tank transporter
-Guy Quad-Ant FAT
-Guy Lizard ACV
-Humber FWD
-Karrier KT4
-Karrier K6
-Leyland Hippo Mk I/II
-Leyland Lynx
-Leyland Retriever
-Mack EXBX
-Morris 15cwt
-Morris CDSW
-Morris ML Ambulance
-Morris C8 GS/FAT
-Morris Commercial CD series
-Morris Commercial CS8
-Morris C9
-Morris GS Terrapin
-Morris PU
-Scammell Pioneer SV1S/SV2S
-Thornycroft Hathi (1924)
-Thornycroft Nubian
-Thornycroft Tartar
French ww2 French Vehicles
-Berliet DGRA
-Berliet GDC
-Berliet GDM
-Berliet VDCA
-Berliet 30
-Bernard fuel carrier
-Citroën Kégresse P14 .
-Citroën Kégresse P17
-Citroën Kégresse P19
-Citroën Type 23
-Citroën 32U
-Citroën T45
-ELMAG
-Fiat France 38R
-Ford France
-Hotchkiss PKW Type 680
-Hotchkiss 686
-Hotchkiss 686 PNA
-Isobloc W843M medical bus
-Laffly S15R
-Laffly S15T
-Laffly V15T
-Laffly V15R
-Laffly W15T/R
-Laffly 20TL
-Latil TAR H2
-Latil M2Tl6
-Matford F917
-Panhard K113
-Panhard K113
-Peugeot 202
-Peugeot 402
-Peugeot DMA
-Peugeot DK
-Peugeot DK5
-Renault AHS
-Renault AHN
-Renault AHR
-Renault AGC
-Renault ADK
-Renault ADH
-Renault AHSs
-Saurer type 3CT
-Simca 5 staff car
-Simca 8 staff car
-Somua MCL
-Somua MCG
-Talbot staff car
-Unic TU1
-Unic P107
-Trippel SG6
-Willeme DU10
Soviet ww2 Soviet Trucks
-BZ-38
-GAZ AA M1927 M1932 M1941
-GAZ–MM
-GAZ AAA M1937
-GAZ AAA M1940
-GAZ-60
-GAZ-65
-Ford Marmon HH6 Katiusha
-SU-1-12
-SU-4
-SU C-6
-SU-12
-Yag-6
-Yag-10
-Yag-10 SPG
-ZIS-5/V/BZ
-ZIS-6
-ZIS-12
-ZIS-22M HT
-ZIS-33 HT
-ZIS 41 HT
-ZIS 42M HT
-FN-Kégresse T3

Soviet staff cars
-GAZ A
-GAZ M1 "Emka"
-GAZ 11-73
-GAZ 61-73
-GAZ 67 Amphibious armoured cars
-PB-4
-PB-7
-BAD-2
US ww2 US Trucks
-Ford B3000 S
-Ford V3000S
-Ford V3000A,
-Ford BB
-Ford V8-51
-Ford m1931
-Ford V8 M1937
-T1E1(M1) half-track
-T5 half-track
-T7 half-track
-T9 half-track
-G8T 2-1/2 ton 4x2 Truck
-International B2
-International model 1937
-Chevrolet m1931
-Chevrolet m1936
-Chevrolet G-506 ​1 1⁄2-ton 4x4
-Chevrolet G-7107 4-1/2 ton 4x4
-Chevrolet 3116 1-1/2 ton 4x2
-Studebaker US6x4 U7
-Studebaker US6x4 U-6
-Studebaker US6x6 U-5 6x4
-Studebaker US6 U4 bz35S 2-1/2 ton 6x6 truck
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Ambulance
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Carry-all
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton (Radio) Command Reconnaissance
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Truck, Closed Cab
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Truck, Open Cab
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton (Radio) Panel Van
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Telephone Service (K50)
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Truck, Emergency Repair
-Dodge WC-51/52 (3⁄4-ton Trucks, Weapons Carrier)
-Dodge WC-53 (3⁄4-ton Carryall)
-Dodge WC-54/64 (3⁄4-ton Ambulance)
-Dodge WC-55 (3⁄4-ton Truck, M6 Gun Motor Carriage)
-Dodge WC-56/57/58 (3⁄4-ton (Radio) Command Reconnaissance)
-Dodge WC-62/43 (G-507, 11⁄2-ton, 6x6 truck)
-Dodge M6 GMC
-GMC CCKW Cargo Truck
-GMC CCKW 353 2-1/2 Ton Truck
-GMC SWB CCKW-352
-GMC 1939 ACKWX 353 3 ton 6x6 truck
-GMC AFWX-353 3 ton 6x4 truck
-GMC DUKW 353 2-1/2 ton 6x6 truck
-GMC C.O.E. AFKWX
-Diamond T Model 980/981 12-ton 6x4 trucks (G159)
-Diamond T Model 968 4-ton 6x6 truck (G509)
-Diamond T Model 967
-Diamond T Model 970
-Diamond T Model 972
-Diamond M26 Dragon Wagon
-Diamond M19 Tank Transporter
-Diamond T Model 980
-Diamond T 4-ton 6x6 truck
-Autocar U8144T 5/6-ton 4x4 truck
-Brockway/LaFrance 6-ton 6x6 truck, G512, 514, 547, 569
-White/Corbitt 6 ton 6x6 Prime Mover
-Brockway
-Corbitt
-Ward LaFrance
-Four Wheel Drive Auto Company (FWD) SU-COE 5-6 ton 4x4
-White Motor Company
-Inl KR-11 5 ton 4x2 dump truck
-Inl M5-6 318 2-1/2 ton 6x6 swb
-Mack NR15 10-ton 6x4
-Reo 28 XS 10-ton 6x4

US ww2 Small truck/car & Misc.
Bantam Reconnaissance Car
Ford GTB
6x6 Willys 'MT-TUG' ("Super-Jeep")
-Willys MB light truck
-Ford GPA ("Seep")
Buick Century Series 60
1941 Plymouth P11 Staff Car
Ford Fordor 1942 Staff Car
Harley-Davidson WLA motorcycle

Axis ww2 Axis Trucks


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Sd.Kfz 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 were half-tracks designed just before the war as prime movers, to carry supplies, ammunition, personal, and tow artillery. Many were also converted during the war as armored versions carrying AA FLAK guns (Flakvierling, 37 mm, or the legendary 88 mm Rheinmetall als used as tank hunters), or were converted as nebelwerfer (rocket launching armored vehicles). They were built by Hanomag, Steyr, Mercedes-Benz, Bussing and many other manufacturers until 1945, over 20,000 half-tracks.

German ww2 German Military trucks
-Opel Blitz
-Opel Maultier
-Mercedes-Benz L3000
-Magirus A3000
-Krupp Protze Kfz.19
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.68
-Krupp Protze Kfz.69
-Krupp Protze Kfz.70
-Krupp Protze Kfz.81
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.83
-Borgward B 3000
-Skoda Rad Schlepper
-Ost RSO Porsche 175
-Steyr Type 2000A
-Einheits Lkw Kfz.62
-Krupp LKW L3
-Bussing-Nag 4500
-Opel Blitz Omnibus
-Bussing-Nag L
-Mercedes-Benz L1500
-Beute Studebaker
-Krupp L3H
-Hanomag SS-100
-Beute Ford B3000 S, V3000S, V3000A
-Beute Ford model BB
-Beute Ford model V8-51
-Beute Tatra 111

German ww2 German Staff Cars

-Horch 81
-Horch 108
-VW 182 Kübelwagen
-VW Schwimmwagen
-Sd.Kfz.2 Kettenkrad
italy ww2 Italian Military trucks
L. Trucks (Autocarro Leggere)
-Breda-32
-Breda-40
-Breda-41
-ОМ-32 Autocarretta da Montagna
-ОМ-36DM
-Camioneta SPA TL.37
-Camioneta AS.43
-SPA CL39
-SPA ТМ40
-Fiat 618

Med. Trucks (Autocarro Medio)
-Alfa Romeo 430RE
-Alfa Romeo 800RE
-Breda Dovunque-41
-Bianchi Miles
-Ceirano-50СМ
-FIAT-626 NM
-Isotta Fraschini D65
-Isotta Fraschini D80
-SPA Dovunque-35
-SPA Dovunque-41
-SPA AS.37
-SPA-38R
-Autocarro Dovunque SPA 41/42

H. Trucks (Autocarro Gigante)
-FIAT-633NM
-FIAT-634N
-FIAT-666
-Fiat 661
-Lancia Ro
-Lancia 3Ro
-Lancia EsaRo
-ОМ Taurus
-ОМ Titano
-Autocarreta Mod.35
-Autocarri Unificati Ursus

italy ww2 Artillery tractors
-Breda 51
-Breda 52
-Breda 61 (licenced SdKfz-7)
-Fiat-SPA T.L.37
-Pavesi Р4.31 (L140)
-Fiat 727 - half-track artillery tractor
-SPA TM40 - wheeled artillery tractor

italy ww2 Staff Cars -Alfa Romeo 6С2500 Coloniale
-Fiat 508M/CM Ballila
-Fiat 1100 (1937) (Balilla-1100 Coloniale)
-Lancia Aprilia Coloniale
-Bianchi VM 6C
-Fiat 2800 CMC

italy ww2 Motorcycles
-Benelli 500 M36/VLM
-Bianchi Supermil 500
-Gilera 500 LTE
-Moto Guzzi Alce/Trialce
-Volugrafo Aermoto 125
Japan ww2 IJA/IJN ww2 vehicles
-Toyota 4x4 Su-Ki (Amphibious truck)
-Isuzu Type 94 truck
-Type 94 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 95 Mini-truck
-Type 97 4-Wheeled Truck
-Type 1 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 2 Heavy Truck
-Toyota KB/KC Truck
-Nissan 80 Truck
-Nissan 180 Truck
-Amphibious Truck "Su-Ki"

Japan ww2 Tractors
-Type 92 5 t Prime Mover "I-Ke"
-Type 98 6 t Prime Mover "Ro-Ke"
-Type 92 8 t Prime Mover "Ni-Ku"
-Type 95 13 t Prime Mover "Ho-Fu"
-Type 94 4 t Prime Mover "Yo-Ke"
-Type 98 4 t Prime Mover "Shi-Ke"
-Type 96 AA Gun Prime Mover
-Type 98 20 mm AA Machine Cannon Carrier
-Type 98 Half-tracked Prime Mover "Ko-Hi"
-Type 98 20 mm AA Half-Track Vehicle
-Experimental Heavy Gun Tractor Chi-Ke
-Experimental Crawler Truck
-T G Experimental Crawler Truck
-Fordson Prime Mover
-Pavessi Gun Tractor
-50 hp Gun Tractor
-Komatsu 3 ton Tractor
-Light Prime Mover
-Clarton Prime Mover
-Holt 30

Japan ww2 Staff cars
-Toyota AA/AB/AC
-Type 93 6/4-Wheeled Passenger Car
-Type 95 Passenger Car "Kurogane"
-Type 98 Passenger Car
-Model 97 Nissan Staff Car, Nissan 70

Japan ww2 Motorcycles
-Rikuo Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 97 Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 93 side car

Japan ww2 Misc.
-Type 94 Ambulance
-Type 94 Repair Vehicle

Cold War