Citröen Traction avant (1934)

Staff Car, about 760,000 built 1934-57.
Although the Citroën "Traction Avant" is certainly not a military truck, it was however one of the most common and recoignisable French vehicle in 1940. It was used by the French Army, German Army and SS, Vichy state Milice, Gestapo, FFI under the occupation and the allies at the end of the war. It was the go-to vehicle here and then, innovative, modern, stable and fast. Not armed (by default) it was used as a liaison, staff car, VIP transport, and just became ubiquitous in France in WW2.

The Automotive innovator: André Citröen



If Citroën is a name almost forgotten today, part of PSA since 1976 and now superseded by the brand "DS", this company was once the most powerful and influencial automotive producer in France and Europe, in mass production, through constant innovation, and thanks to its modern communication, importing from the US tailorisation, and working with the best minds in advertising at the time. Its "yellow cruise" through Asia propularized the half-track concept and the brand at the same time, generating interest of many armies. The WW2 half-tracks M3 for example is a direct result of his belief in the Kegresse tracks.

Founded in 1919 with a logo that was inspired by cog's teeth, the company wanted to create the French Ford T, and popularized models such as the 1919 Citroën A 8CV, the 1921 Citroën B Torpedo and 1923 Type C 5CV. Gradually and even almost unaffected by the great depression, it's range included all types, bodies and engines capacities from simple worker's cars to luxury sedans and sporty coupes, and everything in between, but also trucks, buses, and military vehicles. It short, Citröen was a giant, heads and shoulders above Peugeot or Renault.

There are three vehicles fondly attributed to the brand today, four landmarks that eclipsed all others: The 1936 "Traction Avant" ("forward drive") subject of this post and during the war and occupation three others studied, unveiled in 1945 for the 2CV and HY van, 1955 for the DS. The first two were simple and cheap vehicles ideal to have everyone on the road again and all services to restart, whike the second cumulated more innovations that any other model of the fifties in a body that still turns head today.

The Traction Avant

The Citroën Traction Avant was the result of design work born from seeing the growing front-wheel drive market in Europe, on a flurry of models such as the German DKW and Adler, British BSA Scout and Alvis (1928 Racing FWD) and Cord L29 in the US. It presented many advantages while beign still an extremely rare configuration still, as the rear drive ruled since the start of the automotive. So for its next "familiale" or common sedan, André Citroen pressed the combination of front wheel drive, combined with another innovation driven by its taste for productive innovation: A welded unitary body/chassis. This monocoque design was inspired by aviation, and this was not at random: André René Lefèbvre, it's architect, was from the aeronautical world. He studyied at Supaéro (aviation engienering school) and started work during WWI for Gabriel Voisin in March 1916, an aircraft manufacturer turned coachbuilder after the war, delivering some of the fastest and most striking muxury sportcars of the 1920s and until 1931.

Lefèbvre then worked for Renault until 1933 and joined Citroën, hired for the Traction Avant project. There, he was associated with the famioyus Italian stylist Flaminio Bertoni and Paul Magès. Their collaboratrion was behind the most iconic vehicles of the brand. But first and foremost the 1934 world's first monocoque-bodied, front-wheel drive mass-production car. This was an association never attempted before, and it resulted not only in 70 kgs. spared compared to a classic chassis-body structure, created a very resilient, sturdy vehicle that could be pushed over a cliff and start again, took the best of its front inline engine, and being lower on the road for extra agility and stability, something shared with "subaissé" ("extra-low") sportscars of the day.

Thus comb made the Traction Avant and instant hit when presented at the Paris motorshow of 1934, despite reticences of many in the industry about such approach. In 1936, the vehicle met the success it deserved, and Citröen introduced a range of mostly 4-door saloons and executive cars. The long wheelbase variant was called "Commerciale", and there was three row seating "Familiale" model. They were proposed on option with four and six-cylinder engines as the production went on until... 1957. Just as the mythical DS took off. So this mode, with some 760,000 units built, the Traction Avant became the world's first front-wheel drive monocoque car made in such quantity.

Given the fame of Citröen outside France it was also widely exported, and started to be produced under licence as well. In Portugal, it became popularly known as "arrastadeira", the "dragging machine".

Design


The Citroën Traction Avant is a historically significant automobile, produced by the French manufacturer Citroën from 1934 to 1957. It is renowned for its groundbreaking design and engineering features, which were revolutionary at the time of its introduction. Front-Wheel Drive: The Traction Avant was one of the first mass-produced cars to feature front-wheel drive, which improved handling and road grip.

The term "Traction Avant" literally means "front-wheel drive" in French. Unibody Construction: Unlike most cars of its era, which were built on a separate chassis, the Traction Avant utilized a unitary body construction. This method improved the car's rigidity and safety. Independent Suspension: The car featured independent suspension on all four wheels, providing a smoother and more stable ride compared to many of its contemporaries.

The car was designed by André Lefèbvre and Flaminio Bertoni, a talented duo who brought together innovative engineering and stylish aesthetics. Production Challenges: The development and production of the Traction Avant faced numerous challenges, including financial difficulties for Citroën. Despite these obstacles, the car successfully went into production and became iconic. Variants: The Traction Avant was available in several models, including different body styles like the sedan (berline), coupé, and convertible (cabriolet).



Engine Options: Over its production life, the Traction Avant was equipped with various inline-four and inline-six engines, with the latter providing more power and performance. It was coupled with a cast aluminium alloy transaxle, quite radical at the time. The car's advanced design influenced future automotive engineering and design. It is often regarded as a predecessor to modern front-wheel-drive cars. It also had influence of motorsports.

Whilst front-wheel drive and four-wheel independent suspension had been pioneered already by Auto Union and others a few years prior the Traction Avant really innovated by having these combined with a unibody/monocoque construction, crash resistant, with rack and pinion steering for a mass production. I had a very favourable weight distribution, aiding its advanced handling characteristics and the low profile helped cx (air penetration coefficient) and improved further top speed, 100 kph and well above being the norm with the 6-cylinder. There was the gear change was set in the dashboard, and the gear-shift mechanism was locked when the mechanical clutch was engaged and released, and with pendant pedals, umbrella-type handbrake control and front bench seats, made its interior roomy despite compact dimensions.


Traction Avant monocoque


Front torsion bar suspension

Thanks to these choice the vehicle gained a lower profile and stance by the absence of a separate chassis/frame so sharply distinguishing the Traction Avant visually from its taller contemporaries. It also participated, as said before in its racecar like stability, and despite having no powerful engines apart the V6, the vehicle could be driven in all confidence at break-neck speeds, negociating tight turns at a pace that would make a race pilot blush. This was found very handy as a police and chase car. Paris top brigades used it against organized crime in France just prior to the war, but also gangsters, which appreciated it for the same reasons, and during the occupation, both the Gestapo on one side, and resistance on the other. As a last note, these vehicles were painted black as the only available color until 1953 and until 1957, other colors were proposed, often only the body, while the wheels arches remained black, and accessories such as headlights, bumpers, tailgate and lights were optionally chrome-plated.

Production


On the 760,000 manufactured (many from 1948 to 1957) the model was declined into four main bodies. SWB and LWB as usual are the "long" and "short" wheelbases.
  • 4-door saloon: As the name suggest, the rear ones were "suicide doors" hinged back. LWB and SWB.
  • 2-door saloon: Sort of coupé with longer doors, rear seats, SWB.
  • 2-door convertible, with a tarpaulin, SWB and V6 engine were a popular combination
  • 5-door hatchback: With a modified rear cab and extra seat, deported spare wheel. Often LWB.
Short Wheelbase: 2,910 mm (114.6 in) 7 & 11 légère (light)
Long Wheelbase: 3,090 mm (121.7 in) 11CV normale & 15/6
Extra Long Wheelbase: 3,270 mm (128.7 in)11CV longue & 15/6 limousine
Engine choices (The transmission was always a manual 3-speed column/dash shift):
  • 1.3 L 4-cyl. V
  • 1.5 L 4-cyl. V
  • 1.6 L 4-cyl. V
  • 1.9 L I4 (4 cylinder, inline)
  • 2.9 L I6 (6 cylinder, inline)

The Traction Avant "in service"


The Traction Avant was produced before, during, and after World War II. Despite the challenges of the war, it remained in production, showcasing its robust design and continued popularity. The car gained a reputation for reliability and performance, often being used by the police and resistance fighters during the war. Its sleek design also made it a popular choice among affluent buyers and enthusiasts. It still is an icon today on par with the gamorous DS, and have many international connoisseurs buying it still today on the collection market, such as Historian Tom Holland.

In 1936, the French army was proposed to test the vehicle for its staff cars needs. Initially the French Army lacked enthusiasm for the Traction Avant, deue to its supposed lack of ground clearance but by September 1939, roughly 250 were used by the French Army, mostly used on roads. With losses of cars at the frontier mounting, Citroën supplied a further 570 to the Army. They arrived between February and May 1940, many still on railways cars when France was defeated.

As France was mostly occupied, apart the southern rump stat of Vichy, many of the cars were re-registered with "WH..." (Wehrmacht Heer/Army command) license plates. Perhaps 700+ were requisitioned by the German Army in 1940 alone and it was just the start. Indeed, the authorities could requisite all the cars found, started with those unsold, parked at Citröen plants, and then those privately owned. This means perhaps two thousands ended as staff cars in German hanjds during the occupation, giving reliable service not only in France, but as the war progress, throughout Europe, in Libya and Stalingrad as well.



In France this became the "default" car of the German secret state police of Gestapo (Geheime Staatspolizei). It was fast and apreciated thus for quick police operations against discovered resistance nests. These vehicles were always black by default and without any recoignisable mark, just as the men themselves were in common civilian clothes. They were however easier to spot compared to standard privately owned vehicles as all gasoline was requisitioned as well, so the remainder used gazogene instead (a crudely refine coal mixture) and sported these tanks, or containers above the roof.

Not only the Gestapo or Wehmacht appreciated these, the SS also adopted these when in France. All HQ had some, usually camouflaged, some sporting a balkankreuz and standard German vehicle markings. In German service it was called the Citroen 7CV Traction Avant (7A, 7B, 7C, 7S). Production stopped at Citroene in 1941 but in German service about 1,800 were registered, they were often distinguished by the absence of cover on their rims.

As the war progressed and expecially in 1944, traction Avants were also favoured by the Resistance. They were found ideal for quick "coup de poing" (fist hit) operations against German personal and assets. Some were used for example for the escape of resistance fighters in transit in Lyon (search Lucie Aubrac for more). At the liberation in the summer of 1944 and up to Paris insurrection in August, they turned up all over France with "FFI" inscribed proudly on their doors (Forces Francaises of the Interior). Less gloriously, the cars were known as favourites among gangsters such as Pierrot le Fou and his Traction gang as said above about the police.

They became the default Free French vehicles during the reduction of the last German pockets in France in 1945 as well. Many were also used by US Forces stationed in France as well. The military Police (MP) were known to prefer them over the unstable and less comfy jeeps, albeit this went against regulations. Postwar, as production resumed, the vehicle benefited (at least on France) from at least the souvenir of FFI over the Gestapo. The Citroën Traction Avant remains a celebrated model in automotive history, remembered for its pioneering technology and elegant design. It set a high standard for future developments in car engineering and design, securing its place as a classic icon in the automotive world.

Specs Citröen Traction Avant, 1.9 L I4 SWB
Dimensions :4,450 x 1,620 x 1,520(175.2 x 63.8 x 59.8)
Total weight:900kg light, 1,025 (2,260 lb)
Crew:5 passengers
Propulsion:See notes
Speed:Best 72.6 mph (116.8 km/h)
Range:c600 km
Production760k by 1957

Links/Src

traction.ch
Citroën Traction Avant "Citroen sous l'uniforme", Bertrand de Lamotte, François Vauvillier.
In German Service
driving.co.uk
flatout.com.br
citroenet.org.uk
camac.forumactif.fr
dissidence44d2m.forum-actif.net
conceptcarz.com
leadadventureforum.com
toofatlardies.co.uk
autoevolution.com








Illustrations


Civilian Traction Avant LWB 1938


Camouflaged Vehicle, French Army summer 1940


Traction Avant LWB, Gestapo 1941


Wehrmacht vehicle, France 1944


SS vehicle, France 1944


Traction Avant of the FFI, Paris August 1944


Captured Traction Avant under US MP colors 1945

Photos













WW1 Vehicles

British ww2 WWI trucks
British ww2 British WWI Vehicles
LGOC B-type troop Bus
Mack AC
Pierce-Arrow AA truck
BSA 14/18 hp-20/25 hp
BSA 13.9 h.p
Lanchester staff Car
Thornycroft J
Maudslay Lorry
AEC Y Type
Foster-Daimler Tractor
Motorc. Triumph H
Ford Model T Patrol Car
FWD Model B 3-ton Lorry
Leyland 3-ton truck
Vulcan truck
Vauxhall D-type staff car
Crossley 20/25 staff car
French ww2 French WWI Vehicles
Berliet CBA
Berliet Type M
Châtillon-Panhard Tractor
Panhard K11
Latil TAR Tractor
Panhard-Genty 24 HP
Renault EG
Renault AG1 Landaulet
Renault Truck 60CV
Renault FB Artillery Portee
Schneider CD Artillery Tractor
Soviet ww2 Russian WWI Vehicles
(list in research)
US ww2 US WWI Vehicles
Holt tractor
Liberty Trucks, assembled by:
  • Bethlehem
  • Brockway
  • Diamond T
  • Gardford
  • Gramm-Berstein
  • Indiana
  • Kelly-Springfield
  • Packard
  • Pierce-Arrow
  • Republic
  • Selden
  • SMTC
  • Sterling
  • USMTC
  • Velie
  • Dart
  • Lafrance
Cadillac trucks/staff cars
Ricker truck
Ford Model T Mil.
Spruce log truck
Dodge M1918 Light Repair truck
Dart BB, E, L, Liberty CC4, J Tractor
5-ton Artillery Tractor
Ford Model T Ambulance
Mack AC "Bulldog" Truck
Holt 15-ton Tractor
Jeffery Quad Lorry
FWD Model B‎
FWD SU-COE‎‎
Italy ww1 Italian WWI Vehicles
Lancia IZ
Fiat 15ter Ambulance
Fiat 15ter Lorry
Fiat 18BL Lorry
Hersent-Thiriont Flamethrower
(list in research)
Soviet ww2 Japanese WWI Vehicles
(list in research)
Belgian Dutch ww2 Belgian, Dutch and other WWI vehicles
Berna C2 Truck (Swiss)
(list in research)
German Empire ww1 German WWI Vehicles
A7V Überlandwagen
Beobachtungsanhänger
Büssing KZW1800 Artillery Tractor
Daimler Marienfelde Truck
Field Artillery Limbers
Große FeldKüche Hf.13
Mercedes 37/95 Staff Car
(list in research)
Soviet ww2 Austro-Hungarian Vehicles
Austro-Daimler Lorry
Austro-Daimler Artilleriezugwagen
B-Zug Artillery Tractor
Feldküche M.1915

Turkish vehicles Turkish WWI Vehicles
(list in research)

allied ww2 Allied ww2 Vehicles

British ww2 British Vehicles
-AEC Armoured Command Vehicle (415)
-AEC Matador
-Albion CX22S
-Albion FT15N
-Albion WD.CX24
-Austin K2/Y Ambulance
-Austin K3
-Austin K4
-Austin K4 Dropside
-Austin K5
-Austin K6 GS
-Austin K6 Gantry
-Bedford MW
-Bedford OXA Armoured
-Bedford OXC Semi-trailer
-Bedford OXD GS
-Bedford OYC Tanker
-Bedford OYD GS
-Bedford QL series (QLD, QLR/QLC QLT TC)
-CMP FAT
-Commer Q2
-Crossley Q-Type
-Diamond T tank transporter
-Guy Quad-Ant FAT
-Guy Lizard ACV
-Humber FWD
-Karrier KT4
-Karrier K6
-Leyland Hippo Mk I/II
-Leyland Lynx
-Leyland Retriever
-Mack EXBX
-Morris 15cwt
-Morris CDSW
-Morris ML Ambulance
-Morris C8 GS/FAT
-Morris Commercial CD series
-Morris Commercial CS8
-Morris C9
-Morris GS Terrapin
-Morris PU
-Scammell Pioneer SV1S/SV2S
-Thornycroft Hathi (1924)
-Thornycroft Nubian
-Thornycroft Tartar
US ww2 Canadian Trucks
-Ford F8 CMP
-CMP C15/F15 (1940)
-CMP CGT/FGT FAT (1942)
-CMP C30/F30 LRGD (1942)
-CMP C30/F30 (1940)
-CMP C60/F60 LWB (1941)
-CMP C60/F60 SWB (1942)
-C-60X 6x6 CMP
-F-60H 6x4 CMP
-Ford F-GT CMP
-Chevy C-GT CMP
-C8A 1C1 HUP
-Chevrolet 3 ton truck
-Chevrolet WB 30cwt LRDG
-Chevrolet C8/C8A 4x2 CMP
French ww2 French Vehicles
-Berliet DGRA
-Berliet GDC
-Berliet GDM
-Berliet VDCA
-Berliet 30
-Bernard fuel carrier
-Citroën Kégresse P14 .
-Citroën Kégresse P17
-Citroën Kégresse P19
-Citroën Type 23
-Citroën 32U
-Citroën T45
-ELMAG
-Fiat France 38R
-Ford France
-Hotchkiss PKW Type 680
-Hotchkiss 686
-Hotchkiss 686 PNA
-Isobloc W843M medical bus
-Laffly S15R
-Laffly S15T
-Laffly V15T
-Laffly V15R
-Laffly W15T/R
-Laffly 20TL
-Laffly 25
-Laffly 45
-Latil TAR H2
-Latil M2Tl6
-Matford F917
-Panhard K113 Truck
-Panhard K125 Truck/Bus
-Peugeot 202
-Peugeot 402
-Peugeot DMA
-Peugeot DK
-Peugeot DK5
-Renault AHS
-Renault AHN
-Renault AHR
-Renault AGC
-Renault ADK
-Renault ADH
-Renault AHSs
-Saurer type 3CT
-Simca 5 staff car
-Simca 8 staff car
-Somua MCL
-Somua MCG
-Talbot staff car
-Unic TU1
-Unic P107
-Trippel SG6
-Willeme DU10
Soviet ww2 Soviet Trucks
-BZ-38
-GAZ AA M1927 M1932 M1941
-GAZ–MM
-GAZ AAA M1937/1940
-GAZ-60
-GAZ-65
-Ford Marmon HH6 Katiusha
-SU-1-12
-SU-4
-SU C-6
-SU-12
-Yag-6
-Yag-10
-Yag-10 SPG
-ZIS-5/V/BZ
-ZIS-6
-ZIS-12
-ZIS-22M HT
-ZIS-33 HT
-ZIS 41 HT
-ZIS 42M HT
-FN-Kégresse T3

Soviet staff cars
-GAZ A
-GAZ M1 "Emka"
-GAZ 11-73
-GAZ 61-73
-GAZ 67 Amphibious armoured cars
-PB-4
-PB-7
-BAD-2
Soviet ww2 Czech Trucks
-Praga N (1915)
-Praga TNSPE (1916) AC
-Praga MN, LN (1926)
-Praga RN (1933)
-Praga SND (SNDgs) (1937)
-Praga RND (1935)
-Praga T6 (1937) artillery tractor
-Praga RV (1934)
-Praga AV (1936)
-Tatra 26
-Tatra 57/57K (1932-1940)
-Tatra 72
-Tatra 82
-Tatra 92
-Tatra 81
-Tatra 111
US ww2 US Trucks
-Autocar U8144T 5/6-ton 4x4 truck
-Brockway/LaFrance 6-ton 6x6 truck, G512, 514, 547, 569
-Brockway 6-ton 6×6 truck
-Chevrolet m1931
-Chevrolet m1936
-Chevrolet G506 1.5 ton 4x4 truck
-Chevrolet G-7107 4-1/2 ton 4x4
-Chevrolet 3116 1-1/2 ton 4x2
-Chevrolet AFWX-354
-Corbitt 6-ton 6×6 truck
-Diamond T Model 980/981 12-ton 6x4 trucks (G159)
-Diamond T Model 968 4-ton 6x6 truck (G509)
-Diamond T Model 967
-Diamond T Model 970
-Diamond T Model 972
-Diamond M26 Dragon Wagon
-Diamond M19 Tank Transporter
-Diamond T Model 980
-Diamond T 4-ton 6x6 truck
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton truck
-Dodge WC-51/52 (3⁄4-ton Trucks, Weapons Carrier)
-Dodge WC-53 (3⁄4-ton Carryall)
-Dodge WC-54/64 (3⁄4-ton Ambulance)
-Dodge WC-55 (3⁄4-ton Truck, M6 Gun Motor Carriage)
-Dodge WC-56/57/58 (3⁄4-ton (Radio) Command Reconnaissance)
-Dodge WC-62/43 (G-507, 11⁄2-ton, 6x6 truck)
-Dodge M6 GMC
-Dodge T-234 "China/Burma" truck
-Ford B3000 S
-Ford V3000S
-Ford V3000A
-Ford BB
-Ford V8-51
-Ford m1931
-Ford V8 M1937
-Four Wheel Drive Auto Company (FWD) SU-COE 5-6 ton 4x4
-International B2
-International model 1937
-Inl KR-11 5 ton 4x2 dump truck
-Inl M5-6 318 2-1/2 ton 6x6 swb
-G8T 2-1/2 ton 4x2 Truck
-Mack NR15 10-ton 6x4
-Reo 28 XS 10-ton 6x4
-Studebaker US6x4 U-5
-Studebaker US6x4 U-7
-Studebaker US6x4 U-6
-Studebaker US6 U4 bz35S 2-1/2 ton 6x6 truck
-T1E1(M1) half-track
-T5 half-track
-T7 half-track
-T9 half-track
-Ward LaFrance
-White 6 ton 6x6 Prime Mover
-White G-691 444T
-White 6-ton 6×6 truck G512, 514, 526, 547

US ww2 Small truck/car & Misc.
Bantam Reconnaissance Car
Ford GTB
6x6 Willys 'MT-TUG' ("Super-Jeep")
-Willys MB light truck
-Ford GPA ("Seep")
Buick Century Series 60
1941 Plymouth P11 Staff Car
Ford Fordor 1942 Staff Car
Harley-Davidson WLA motorcycle
US ww2 Tractors. M1 Heavy Tractor:
  • Allis-Chalmers Model L
  • G-022 Caterpillar Model 60
  • G-89 Caterpillar RD7
  • G-98, G-107 Allis-Chalmers HD-10DW
  • G-101 International Harvester TD-18
  • G-126 Caterpillar D7
  • G-153 Caterpillar D8

Axis ww2 Axis Trucks


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Sd.Kfz 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 were half-tracks designed just before the war as prime movers, to carry supplies, ammunition, personal, and tow artillery. Many were also converted during the war as armored versions carrying AA FLAK guns (Flakvierling, 37 mm, or the legendary 88 mm Rheinmetall als used as tank hunters), or were converted as nebelwerfer (rocket launching armored vehicles). They were built by Hanomag, Steyr, Mercedes-Benz, Bussing and many other manufacturers until 1945, over 20,000 half-tracks.

German ww2 German Military trucks
-Opel Blitz
-Mercedes-Benz L3000
-Magirus A3000
-Krupp Protze Kfz.19
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.68
-Krupp Protze Kfz.69
-Krupp Protze Kfz.70
-Krupp Protze Kfz.81
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.83
-Borgward B 3000
-Skoda Rad Schlepper
-Ost RSO Porsche 175
-Steyr Type 2000A
-Einheits Lkw Kfz.62
-Krupp LKW L3
-Bussing-Nag 4500
-Opel Blitz Omnibus
-Bussing-Nag L
-Mercedes-Benz L1500
-Beute Studebaker
-Krupp L3H
-Hanomag SS-100
-Beute Ford B3000 S, V3000S, V3000A
-Beute Ford model BB
-Beute Ford model V8-51
-Beute Tatra 111

German ww2 German Half Tracks

-Sd.Kfz.2 Kettenkrad
-Sd.Kfz.3 Maultier
-Sd.Kfz.4 Panzerwerfer
-Sd.Kfz.6
-Sd.Kfz.7
-Sd.Kfz.8
-Sd.Kfz.9
-Sd.Kfz.10
-Sd.Kfz.11
-Schwere Wehrmachtsschlepper
-Leichte Wehrmachtsschlepper
-Raupenschlepper Ost

German ww2 German Staff Cars

-Horch 81
-Horch 108
-Kfz.15 Horch 901
-VW 182 Kübelwagen
-VW Schwimmwagen
italy ww2 Italian Military trucks
L. Trucks (Autocarro Leggere)
-ОМ Autocarretta da Montagna
-Camioneta SPA TL.37
-Camioneta AS.43
-SPA CL39
-SPA ТМ40
-Fiat 618
Med. Trucks (Autocarro Medio)
-Alfa Romeo 430RE
-Alfa Romeo 800RE
-Bianchi Miles
-Ceirano-50СМ
-FIAT-626 NM
-Isotta Fraschini D65
-Isotta Fraschini D80
-SPA Dovunque-35
-SPA Dovunque-41
-SPA AS.37
-SPA-38R
-Autocarro Dovunque SPA 41/42

H. Trucks (Autocarro Gigante)
-FIAT-633NM
-FIAT-634N
-FIAT-666
-Fiat 661
-Lancia Ro
-Lancia 3Ro and TE
-Lancia EsaRo
-ОМ Taurus
-ОМ Titano
-Autocarri Unificati Ursus

italy ww2 Artillery tractors
-Breda TP32
-Breda TP 40
-Breda TP 41
-Breda 6x4 51
-90/53 su Breda 52
-Breda 61 (licenced SdKfz-7)
-Fiat-SPA T.L.37
-Pavesi Р4.31 (L140)
-Fiat 727 half-track artillery tractor
-SPA TM40 wheeled artillery tractor

italy ww2 Staff Cars
-Alfa Romeo 6С2500 Coloniale
-Fiat 508M Ballila
-Fiat 508CM Coloniale
-Fiat 1100 (1937) (Balilla-1100 Coloniale)
-Lancia Aprilia Coloniale
-Bianchi VM 6C
-Fiat 2800 CMC

italy ww2 Motorcycles
-Benelli 500 M36/VLM
-Bianchi Supermil 500
-Gilera 500 LTE
-Moto Guzzi Alce/Trialce
-Volugrafo Aermoto 125
Japan ww2 IJA/IJN ww2 vehicles
-Toyota 4x4 Su-Ki (Amphibious truck)
-Isuzu Type 94 truck
-Type 94 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 95 Mini-truck
-Type 97 4-Wheeled Truck
-Type 1 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 2 Heavy Truck
-Toyota KB/KC Truck
-Nissan 80 Truck
-Nissan 180 Truck
Japan ww2 Tractors
-Type 92 5 t Prime Mover "I-Ke"
-Type 98 6 t Prime Mover "Ro-Ke"
-Type 92 8 t Prime Mover "Ni-Ku"
-Type 95 13 t Prime Mover "Ho-Fu"
-Type 94 4 t Prime Mover "Yo-Ke"
-Type 98 4 t Prime Mover "Shi-Ke"
-Type 96 AA Gun Prime Mover
-Type 98 20 mm AA Machine Cannon Carrier
-Type 98 Half-tracked Prime Mover "Ko-Hi"
-Type 98 20 mm AA Half-Track Vehicle
-Experimental Heavy Gun Tractor Chi-Ke
-Experimental Crawler Truck
-T G Experimental Crawler Truck
-Fordson Prime Mover
-Pavessi Gun Tractor
-50 hp Gun Tractor
-Komatsu 3 ton Tractor
-Light Prime Mover
-Clarton Prime Mover
-Holt 30

Japan ww2 Staff cars
-Toyota AA/AB/AC
-Type 93 6/4-Wheeled Passenger Car
-Type 95 Passenger Car "Kurogane"
-Type 98 Passenger Car
-Model 97 Nissan Staff Car, Nissan 70

Japan ww2 Motorcycles
-Rikuo Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 97 Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 93 side car

Japan ww2 Misc.
-Type 94 Ambulance
-Type 94 Repair Vehicle

Cold War & Modern Vehicles

Section pending completion.
BAV-485 * MAZ-543 * GAZ 46 * GAZ 67B * GAZ/UAZ-69 * GAZ 51 * GAZ 63* ZIL-131 * GAZ 66 * KrAZ-214 * KrAZ-255 * KrAZ-260 * KZKT-7428 * MAZ-535 * MAZ-537 * MAZ-7310 * Ural 375 * URAL 4320 * ZIL-135 * ZIL-151 * ZIL-157 * ZIL-157/PR-11M * ZIL-6 * ZIL-6


* * * * Praga V3S * Tatra 813
Ford G398 * Borgward BE3000 * Henschel HS 115 * Hanomag AL 28 * Mercedes Standard 4.5L * Mercedes LG 315/46 * Magirus-Deutz 170 * Magirus-Deutz 232 * Magirus-Deutz Jupiter 6x6 * Magirus-Deutz A 6500 * MAN KAT-1 * SLT 50 Elefant TT * Liebherr 8x8 GLW * MAN TGM Mil 18 4x4 * Liebherr 4x4 FKL * MAN 630 L2 * Mercedes LA * Unimog 404 2.5 standard * DKW Munga (1956) * Mercedes G-class * Volkswagen Type 181 (1968) * Volkswagen Iltis (1978) * MAN LX Tactical Trucks * M3 Amphibious Rig
Willys Jeep CJ series * Jeep M606 * Jeep M38A1 * Jeep M170 * M151 Mutt * M422 Mighty Mite * CJ V-35(/U) * M274 4x4 "Mule" * M37 Series 4x4 "Power Wagon" * M35 Series 6x6 * M54 Series 6x6 * M123/M125 6x6 * M715 series 4x4 * M561 6x6 "Gamma Goat" * M656 Series 8x8 * M880 series 4x4 * M809 series 6x6 * M520 4x4 "Goer" * M915 series 6x4 * M911 C-MET 8x6 * CUCV M1008 4x4 * HMMWV 4x4 * M939 Series 6x6 * HEMTT M977 8x8

Land-Rover * Bedford RL * Bedford TK/MK * Bedford TM * AEC Militant * Austin K9 * AEC Mandator TEL

IFA G5

Nissan 2.5 Truck * * Hitachi Type 73 artillery tractor (1974) * Toyota Type 73 * Isuzu HST * Nissan Patrol * Mitsubishi Type 73 * Toyota Land Cruiser *
Jiefang CA10 * Jiefang CA30
Beijing BJ212 * Beijing BJ2020 * Dongfeng EQ240/EQ2081 * Dongfeng EQ245/EQ2100 * Dongfeng EQ2050 * FAW MV3 * Hanyang HY4260 * Hanyang HY4330 * HTF5680A1 * SFQ2040 LieYing * Xiaolong XL2060 * Jiefang CA-30 * NJ2045/2046 * Shaanxi SX2190 * Shaanxi SX2150 * TA580/TAS5380 * TA5450/TAS5450 * TAS5500 * TAS5570 * TAS5690 * Type 82 truck * WS2300 * WS2400 * WS2500 * Wanshan W-2600 * WS21200 * WS51200
Renault TRM 10000 GP | Renault RM 700-100 TT | Renault TRM 2000 lorry | Berliet GBC 8 TK & Renault GBC 180 | Renault Kerax* | Iveco PPT3 | PML VPCM | Scania CCP10 | Scania TRA TOE NG | Renault ESRC | Renault ESRC AVIT | Renault CCPTA | Mercedes CCP3/5 | Renault Carapace | Renault CDLR | Renault PPDL | Renault CDLR CBH 385 | VLTT | Grizzly LUV | VOS-APP LUV | VOS-PAT LUV | Acmat VLRA | Panhard VPS LUV | Aquus AREG VLFS | Renault T4 VLTP NG | Arquus Trapper VT4 | French Mil. Quads | Renault Kangoo | French Bulldozers | Souvim Minesweeper | EFA Bridgelayer | Renault PFM BDL | SPRAT AVLB

Modern Trucks

Section pending completion.

India:

Tatra Prithvi | Ashok-Leyland Agni II TEL

Italy:

Iveco ACTL

Romania:

AMT 25, AMT 950, DAC, Roman, Dacia Duster.

Indonesia:

Rantis P6 ATAV

Russia:

UAZ Esaul * Kamaz 6560 * Pantsir S1

France:

Renault TRM 10000 GP | Renault RM 700-100 TT | Renault TRM 2000 lorry | <Renault Kerax | Iveco PPT3 | PML VPCM | Scania CCP10 | Scanian TRA TOE NG | Renault ESRC | Renault ESRC AVIT | Renault CCPTA | Mercedes CCP3/5 | Renault Carapace | Renault CDLR | Renault PPDL | Renault CDLR CBH 385 | VLTT | Grizzly LUV | VOS-APP LUV | VOS-PAT LUV | Acmat VLRA | Panhard VPS LUV | Aquus AREG VLFS | Renault T4 VLTP NG | | French Mil. Quads | Renault Kangoo | French Bulldozers | Souvim Minesweeper | EFA Bridgelayer | Renault PFM BDL | SPRAT AVLB

Germany:

Mercedes 250GD Wolf | Mercedes Wolf SSA | Mercedes G300 Greenliner | VW T3/T4/T6 van | BWM G650 GS | BMW F850 GS | BMW R1150 RT | BMW R1200 RT | KTM 400LS-E BdW | LIV(SO) Serval | German quads | Faun LST50-3 Elefant | Faun STL56 Franziska | Faun SLT Mammut | RMT HX81 | SAANH 70T | Mercedes Unimog U3/4/5000 | Mercedes Zetros | MAN KAT1 | RMT Multi 2 | RMT WLS 6x6 | RMT UTF WLKS 8x8 | | MAN TGS 8x4 | MAN TGS 6x4 | MAN RMMV TGA | Mercedes Atego | Mercedes Axor | EWK M3 Amph.Rig | Liebherr FKL | Liebherr FKM | T.Faun FKS ATF 30-2 | T.Faun FKS ATF 70-4 | T.Faun FKS ATF 100-5 | T.Faun FKS ATF 110-5 | T.Faun FKS ATF 120-5 Obelix | Steinbrock 2.5 Y4 | Herbst-Smag Orion V | Konecrane SMV 2216 TC3 | Ahlmann AS1600 | Liebherr 574 | MAN Cobra Radar | Liebherr LTM 1050

Netherlands:

Defenture Mammoth | to come | placeholder | MLC-70 WGMST

Spain:

➹ Santana Anibal |

Turkey:

United Kingdom:

RWMIK land rover | Toyota Jankel Al-Thalab | Sky Sabre | Alvis Unipower | land Rover Wolf | Land Rover Defender BFA | Alvis Supacat ATMP | Marshall Gasket 3 | MAN SV (Mark I-III)

USA:

Interim Fast Attack Vehicle | M1161 Growler | Boeing Phantom Badger | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |