Sd.Kfz.10

German army vehicles Germany (1938-45) - Utility Half Track - 14,000 built

The smallest German half-track prime mover of WW2 (apart the kettenkrad), the Sd.Kfz.10 revealed itself the most affordable and suitable for mass production, and also able to carry most light to medium weaponry. During the war it proved also capable to carry these weapons directly on its flatbed, creating a very efficient self-propelled fast-firing dual purpose artillery. The chassis was such as success that Demag's vehicle was also reused for the production of the fully armored Sd.Kfz 250 and 251, standard APCs of the Panzergrenadiers and specialists on the frontline. The vehicle was produced until the end of the war and was seen on all fronts.

Design development 1934-38

One of the most important half track of the Wehrmacht during WW2 was also the smallest. In fact, it was just above the Sd.Kfs.3 Kettenkrad in terms of prime mover. Its main durty was to bring all sorts of guns on all terrains, from the 2 cm Flak 30, 7.5 cm leIG mountai gun, 3.7 cm Pak 36 to name a few, as well as mortars and trailers. In addition the rear flatbed when fitted with transverse bunks or seats could carry three rows of two, so eight troops or gun servants.



First Wa Prüf 6 prototypes under the German Republic: The 1920 Marienwagen (top) and Mechanische Werke Cottbus 201 model of 1928 (bottom). One of the main driving force between these was the similar effort made by the French.

The base project was relatively recent as the vehicle's proper studies and design started in 1936, but the engineering for all half-tracks was developed under the Weimar Republic, by the Reichswehr's Military Automotive Department. Like the others of the serie, the "special vehicle 10" (Sonderkraftfahrzeug 10) fninal conception related to a specificcation of the smallest of thes eprime movers was given to a commercial firm geared for production but with other companies and suppliers, under licence, to rapidly met a critical mass. Demag was chosen as the lead manufacturer after preparing and submuitted a design, which was approved after a long serie of prototypes started just after Hitler accession to power, in 1934 until 1938 when production was launched. Demag at each iteration improved its prototypes.


Demag D 11 in 1934 (rear mounted engine)

Preliminary design not for the current model, but for all German half-tracks, was Dipl.Ing. Ernst Kniepkamp's work. His was the chief engineer at the Military Automotive Department (Wa Prüf 6). The Nazis took power in 1933 but did not changed its direction and allocated more funds to reach production status. That way, his designs were then turned over to the private manufacturing sector for final development and testing. Demag was chosen for the smallest one in the new imagined range of half track prime mover, tasked to develop the "Liliput", or Kleinster geländegängiger Kettenschlepper ("smallest cross-country tracked towing vehicle"). In 1934 the first D ll prototype was ready and started testing. It had a six-cylinder, 28 horsepower (28 PS) BMW Type 315 engine mounted in the rear. It also had three roadwheels per side. The D ll 2 followed in 1935 with the same engine, but using an extra roadwheel, for 2.56 tonnes.


Demag D 11 2 1936 in testing, now with a front-mounted BMW engine.

-The D ll 3 (D 3) 3.4 tonnes went closer to actual production. First off, to be used as prime mover it needed more power, and was so fitted with a 42 horsepower (43 PS) BMW Type 316 engine, this time mounted in the front. It also had five roadwheels, and a troop utility compartment ar the rear, large enough to carry six personal.

-The D 4 prototype never left the drawing board.
-No D 5 was developed.
-The D 6 prototype was in fact the first of a field test preserie of eight vehiles ("Versuchs-Serie") in 1937. This one weighed 3.85 tonnes for a 90 horsepower (89 hp) Maybach NL 38 TRK engine. The transmission was also new, but its general construiction still ressembled the D ll 3. D 6s and extra D ll 3 prototypes were heavily tested and modified for service, intended at the start to be used by the Chemical Troops (Nebeltruppen) and Air Defense Troops (Luftschutztruppen).

In the end, 60 pre-production (0-serie) D 6s were ordered from Demag in 1937. Adler and Mechanische Werke Cottbus (MWC) own vehicles were to be produced in parralel, only differing in details. On 17 March 1937, the waffenamt designation was chosen: "Leichter Zugkraftwagen 1" abbreviated to Sd.Kfz. 10, light 1 ton semi-tracked towing vehicle. The whole D 6 ausf 0 was delivered by November 1938 to be delivered in active units and obtain better feedback.

Production versions 1938-45



The D 7 was the final evolution of the type and mass-production model. Its main difference was different tracks, and a more powerful Maybach NL 38 TRKM engine. The latted however had too much compression for the 74 octane (OZ 74) mandtory gasoline type for use after 1 October 1938. It was modified with a new cylinder head, and shorter pistons. Deliveries began in October 1938. The first vehicle off the production line was tested on 11 October 1938.

Design of the Demag Sd.Kfz. 10

D7 front
Demag D7 front

-Construction called for a standard ladder beam chassis, all-welded, with a flatbed aft and the engine and driving compartment at the front. The front axle was used for steering. Each rear wheeltrain system comprised a set of nine stamped, rubberized roadwheels, three axial (running at the center of the track) and three pairs running on both sides of the track, in beteen external teeth. The aftermost one was used as idler/tensioner and higher than the others. All also rested on torsion bars fior suspension. There was a drive sprocket at the front. The engine was connected, via the transfer case, to this drive sprocket axis. The front axle was not actioned and only was there for direction. The vehicle was unarmoured, although many versions were made during the war with partial armored plates (see variants).



The Maybach NL 38 TRKM powerplant had 4.2L chamber volume and ran on petrol. It was 6-cylinder, water-cooled unit which developed 89 metric horsepower, for a Power/weight ratio of 28 HP/ton. It was connected to a transmission 7 + 3 speed Maybach Variorex SRG 102128H. This enabled a top speed on road of 65 kph (40 mph), the best of all half-tracks developed at the time. However that kind of vehicle were likely to be brought by train close to the front (like tanks) and not proceeding on their own power all the way to it to spare the wear and tear of the tracks and mecanical components. Off road, they were capable of around 15-35 kph (mph). The interleaved roawheel system allowed for a low ground pressure, so this vehicle was at ease on snow and mud.

Early versions were fitted with two fuel tanks: One of 58 litres (15 US gal) and the other of 32 litres (8.5 US gal) for a total autonomy of 250 km, but this was deemed complicated and the final production version was given a unique 110 litres (29 US gal) at the end of 1939. It enable a range (road) of 300 km or 190 miles, down to 150 (93 miles) off road.

Also the NL 38 TRKM engine was replaced in late 1939 by the HL 42 TRKM, with a cylinder stroke increased to 110 mm, so a better cubic displacement from 3.8 to 4.2 litres (260 cu in). This improved also the output to 100 metric horsepower (99 hp). At the tart of 1940, stronger stamped road wheels were installed and the hull rear was modified for towing heavier loads, like the 7.5 cm PaK 40 anti-tank gun or the 15 cm sIG 33. But most often, it carried the 10.5 cm leFH 18 howitzer, the others taking quite a toll on the engine.

The Sd.Kfz.10 engine was also later fitted with a air compressor for air brakes trailers and other loads, designated Ausf B. In 1943 the semi-automatic transmission was replaced by a manual one. The D7p reinforced chassis was eventually chosen to develop the armoured Sd.Kfz. 250 light armored personnel carrier, with a shortened suspension.

1944 production version

Demag was tasked to rework the design completely in 1944: The vehicle was to be fitted with the following:
  • Ten road wheels
  • Strengthened front axle
  • Strenghtened idler crank arm
  • Improved track tensioner
  • Increased ground clearance
Three prototypes were completed, but only the first two were delivered in September 1944 for field tests, the last remained a the factory. Its Development did not went any further. In between a new version of the Sd.Kfz. 10 was proposed as part of the Emergency Development Program (Entwicklungs-Notprogramm) on 20 February 1945. It was given an armored engine and driver's compartment, the development was scheduled to be completed in June 1945, but of course was stopped in May.

Production Facilities

Six factories, outside Demag, were contacted to assemble various models and more suppliers in the loop. Demag alone built only 1,075 vehicles until November 1942. Adler-Werke completed 3,414 mdels, started also in 1938 and until December 1943. Büssing-NAG built 750 vehicles until December 1942, MWC 4,750 (starting 1939) until November 1944, Mühlenbau (MIAG) 324 vehicles also between 1939 and 1941. Maschinenfabrik Niedersachsen Hannover (MNH) delivered 600 vehicle between 1939 and November 1942 and Österreichische Saurerwerke 3,075 vehicles from 1940 to December 1943. Demag and MWC produced the D7p chassis also for the Sd.Kfz.250 in 1945 but only 276 were completed, and with wooden upper bodies... 80 were delivered by 1 March 1945, including 310 chassis for the Sd.Kfz.252 and Sd.Kfz.253 specialized vehicles.

Main variants

Sd.Kfz. 10/1

Chemical detection vehicle, one of the first tasks of the vehicle, planned in 1938: 90 were planned for delivery in 1940–42 as primary vehicle of the Nebeltruppen, but on 3 May 1940 production was revised for 30 vehicles monthly to reach 400, instead of 10 per month. MWC was tasked of this, but a report later mentuions only ten vehicles delivered by 15 January 1943 and few more afterwards, until cancelled.

Sd.Kfz. 10/2

SdKfz10-2S_chemical_decontamination_vehicle
SdKfz10-2S_chemical_decontamination_vehicle

Chemical decontamination vehicle: Complementary to the Nebeltruppen, it was fitted with a 200 kg (440 lb) capacity spreader and carrying 50 kg (110 lb) barrels of decontamination chemicals, served by two crewmen on a bench seat between barrels on the rear chassis wall. Each barrel covred around 160 m2 (1.1 by 175.0 yd). They were stowed on suspended platforms to avoid vibrations and foldable outer rails. The 10/2 also was modified with two fuel tanks for 86 litres (23 US gal) in all and a tunnel to accommodate an auxiliary driveshaft powered the spreader. Range was only 250 km (160 mi). The 10/2 measured 4.83 metres (15.8 ft) long, 1.9 metres (6.2 ft) wide, 1.95–1.7 metres in height. Weight was 3,890 kg and up to 4,900 kilograms (10,800 lb) fully loaded with the barrels and crew. The spreading was done at around 10–20 km/h (6.2–12.4 mph). Sixty vehicles built in 1938–39.

Sd.Kfz. 10/3

SdKfz10-3_chemical_sprayer-vehicle
SdKfz10-3_chemical_sprayer-vehicle

Another chemical batallion vehicle, fitted with a 500 litres (130 US gal) tank and a spray system, to create poison gas barriers. The spray nozzle swung back and forth and spread the gasified liquid over 16 metres (52 ft). 67 vehicles were built in 1938–39. On 15 April 1942, the Oberkommando des Heeres orfered these in storage modified completely to carry instead 216 rounds of anti-tank ammunition, and later issued to recreated Nebeltruppen units at the front, used as carriers for the Nebelwerfer rocket launchers, units with organic anti-tank guns.

Sd.Kfz. 10/4

The first SPAAG or FLAK vehicle, with a 2 cm FlaK 30 mounted on a special platform aft, with fold-down side and rear panels to allow the gun servants to walsk around. This platform was specifically tailored for the 20 mm and could not be used for a Flak 38 mount. The vehicles was also wider and taller 2.02 metres (6.6 ft) wide, 2 metres (6.6 ft) high, for 4,075 kilograms (8,984 lb) empty. It was iven four folding seats for the crew on the platform as well. During the war, gun shields were fitted on these mounts as the vehicles were used more and more as close support for the infantry, notably in urban theaters.

Ready ammunition bins were fastened to the side and rear panels, six in all, containing each a single 20-round magazine, so 120 rounds total. To carry more round and gun service maintenance tools it also towed the ammunition trailer Sd.Ah. 51 (Sonderanhänger), called a special single-axle trailer. It was loaded with a total of 640 rounds but also te sensible gun's sights when travelling, as well as its rangefinder and spares.

Those built in 1940 had removable loading ramps and cable rollers (pulleys) to dismount the 20 mm FLAK, as well as a reinforced tail gate. The Flak 30 could then be mounted on the Sd.Ah. 51 trailer. They also were given welded-on rifle racks over the front fenders. From 1942 they were partially armored, with light sheet metal covers as protection. Production went on a greater pace in 1941 and gun shields became mandatory in 1942 also, but swapped on the 10/5.

Sd.Kfz. 10/5


Sd.kfz 10/5 2cm PAK 30 FlAK at Ortschaft france, 1940

Improved SPAAG, 2 cm FlaK 38 carrier: The platform was wider and lighter compared to the Flak 30 while the platform itself was enlarged. Production started in 1942 with the vehicle width increased to 2.156 metres (7.07 ft). The first specific denimonation was given in 1 September 1943, although the OKH still called it the 10/5 until 1 December 1944. The Luftwaffe on its part was interested to acqyire the vehicle to cover the approaches of its advanced airfield and ordered 293 sets of armor plate (Behelfspanzerung) in 1943 to be fitted on the field. They covered the radiator, windshield and both sides of the driver's cabin. Some also were retrofitted to the 10/4.

Production of the 10/5 started in 1939 for both the Army and Luftwaffe but production figures are still ellusive to this day. Adler listed 1054 until February 1943, some as 0/4 and others as 10/5s in 1942. MWC order was 975 10/5s but in 1944, only 13 were delivered, completed as regular Sd.Kfz. 10s instead.

Pak36/38 Auf Sd.Kfz. 10

Kettenfahrzeug 3.7 cm Pak36
Kettenfahrzeug 3.7 cm Pak36

Halbkettenfahrzeug mit 7,5 cm Pak in Russia 1942
Halbkettenfahrzeug mit 7,5 cm Pak in Russia 1942

These were never given official names but stayed as field modifications: Some vehicles were fitted with a 3.7 cm PaK 36. Others with a 5 cm PaK 38 anti-tank gun installed on a special mount over the rear flatbed. Some also received cab and armored engine compartments, on site and without following a centralized scheme so they diverged greatly in appearance. The Pak 36 was small enough to be mounted complete, and so to be dismounted with ease, but the Pak 38 was stripped of its wheels and legs and instead placed on a pivot mount. In 1945, a few were reconverted to carry the triple-mount ("Drilling") MG151 autocannon, placed on a conical pivot, identical to the one used on the Sd.Kfz. 251/21 (no photo found).


Up-armoured Sd.Kfz.10 mit 3.7 cm PAK 36 tank hunter, Krueger Horst, Flickr

RH-8 II derived from the SdKfz 10 as Feuerleitpanzer
RH-8 II derived from the SdKfz 10 as Feuerleitpanzer (Rocket Launch command vehicle) at Pennemunde

The Sd.Kfz.10 in combat

SdKfz 10 in Greece, May 1941
SdKfz 10 in Greece, May 1941

Needless to say with as many vehicle as the better known Sd Kfz 251, the Sd.Kfs.10 was present on all fronts during the war, from Poland to France and the low countries, the Balkans, Russia, and North Africa.

Organic antitank units:

Initially, the Sd.Kfz.10 was a specific light gun prime mover, using trailers carrying ammunition, but later it became an ersatzkraftwagen, a substitute for the Sd.Kfz.250 by the fall 1939. It filled the same role in the same units. The Sd.Kfz.10 Ausf.B was reinforced for towing the 5 cm PaK 38 and its ammunition trailer. Others Sd.Kfz.10 were used on the maintenance and supply companies in motorized ad Panzer units. Nine were also exported to Romania in 1942, as tractors for their anti-tank guns and service in Russia.

Nebeltruppen:


Russia, sdk.fz.10/1 mit Nebelwerfer

Another known user was the Chemical Troops, or "Nebeltruppen". They were the prime movers of decontamination battery ("Entgiftungs-Batterie") and each was given six Sd.Kfz. 10/1 and six Sd.Kfz. 10/2. Another eighteen Sd.Kfz. 10/3 were held at battalion level to replace their Sd.Kfz. 10/2s in case. The Sd.Kfz. 11s could also be used as substitutes. By November 1941, chemical warfare was no longer a priority and all batallion were reconverted as rocket launcher ones for support. This time, each unit had seven Sd.Kfz. 10/1s towing the 28/32 cm Nebelwerfer 41. One more was used as platoon leader vehicle, towing an anti-tank gun to defen the perimeter in case of a counter attack. Decontamination units retained their Sd.Kfz. 10/2s also but also used for toiwing rocket launchers, stripped of all their special equipment.

FLAK Batteries:

Another early-war role was for the anti-aircraft company (Flugabwehr-Kompanie). Each was organized in three platoons sharing eighteen Sd.Kfz. 10/4s between them, not all mountng a 20 mm FLAK 30. Only 12 were so indeed, the remainder six carrying ammunition. In 1941, the four-barrel 2 cm Flakvierling 38 arrived and 1941, each platoon had also four Sd.Kfz. 10/4s towing guns and ammunition in trailers. They were reorganized with eight Sd.Kfz. 10/4s each plus two towing Flakvierlings and three with ammunition. In 1942 also, Sd.Kfz. 10/5s were substituted for 10/4s. It is unclear how the Luftwaffe organized its light anti-aircraft units, most likely in 9-12 vehicles units.

Exports: The Swedish Artilleritraktor m/40

In September 1939, Sweden although still strickly neutral wanted a rapid upgrade of its military and imported from Germany Artillery guns, notably the 10.5 cm leFH 18 for which towing vehicles were necessary. The deal to acquire the Sd.Kfz.10 was secured in the winter of 1939/1940, deliveries starting in 1940. Part of the order was also filled by classic Klöckner-Deutz A330 4x4 trucks. The rest was made of earlier D7 halftracks. They were slightly adapted to act in sub-arctic climate. These twelve Demags were delivered in the autumn of 1940, along with twelve guns for 8th Artillery regiment based in Boden (arctic circle).

They were locally called "Artilleritraktor m/40" abbreviated "Arttrak m/40". The Swedes were pleased with them and ordered more in 1941 but it proved impossible. Volvo was tasked to reverse-engineer the vehicle to be called the "Artilleritraktor m/43" or internally "Volvo HBT". They were obliged to have common track links, interchangeable with the Demag vehiicles. Although they were produced they were stored, as well as the twelve surplus vehicles purchased in 1946, for a total of 24 Sd.Kfz. 10 used for training gun crews until the early 1960s. In 1966 they were all sold to avid collectioners at the Kalix airfield. The was sold in 1992, fourteen since were repurchased by private collectors and museums.

Links about the Sd.Kfz.10

The Sd.Kfz.10 on Wikipedia
The Sd.Kfz.10 on wikipedia.com
On panzerserra
Commons
ww2 photos gallery
On forosegundaguerra.com
On asphm
The Sd.Kfz.10 on weaponsandwarfare.com

D.B. Sd.Kfz.10 specifications

Dimensions4.75 m (15 ft 6 in) x 1.93 m (6 ft 3 in) x 2 m (6 ft 6 in)
Total weight, battle ready3,400 kg (7,500 lb)
Crew2 (driver, co-driver) + 8 troops
PropulsionMaybach HL42 TRKM 4.2L 6-cyl. water-cooled petrol 99 hp
Top speed65/25 km/h (40/16 mph) road/off-road
Payload1,250 kg (2,650 lb)
Transmission7 + 3 speed Maybach Variorex SRG 102128H
SuspensionTorsion Bars
Maximum range (on/off road)300/150 km (190/93 mi)
Armament None, see notes
Armor6 mm (0.2 in)
ProductionDemag, Adler-Werke, Büssing-NAG, MWC, MNH, MIAG, Saurerwerke 1938–1945 - 15,000 Reichmark

Gallery


Basic Sd.Kfz.10 Demag D7 chassis in 1938, early production vehicle


Sd.Kfz.10 fully covered with tarpaulin, Poland September 1939


Sd.Kfz.10 wit partial tarpaulin, France May 1940


Sd.Kfz.10 towing the LeIG 18 short barrel mountain howitzer, France May 1940


Sd.Kfz.10 towing a 10.5 cm leFH18 howitzer, eastern front 1944


Sugkraftwagen 1t Sd.Kfz.10 of the Afrika Korps, 1942


Sd.Kfz.10 Late type, Fallschirmjager Panzerjager Abt.1 Abt.1, Monte Cassino spring 1944

Sd.Kfz.10 of the Fallschirmjager on the Gothic line, 1944
Sd.Kfz.10 of the Fallschirmjager on the Gothic line, 1944


Sd.Kfz.10 Unknown unit, eastern front 1944


1st Gerbirgs Division, Russia Winter 1941/42


90th panzergrenadier division Italy 1943


Nebeltruppen's Sd.Kfz.10/3 reconfigured as prime mover for the 105 cm Nebelwerfer, Russia 1942


Sd.Kfz.10 with the Fallschirmjäger in Rome, 1944


Nebeltruppen's Sd.Kfz.10/2 reconfigured as prime mover for the 21 cm Nebelwerfer, Normandy 1944


Sd.Kfz.10 of the Fallschirmjager 11, Auflkärungsbatallion Granarolo, Italy 1945



3.7cm PaK 36 auf Sd.Kfz.10


3.7cm PaK 35/36 auf Sd.Kfz.10 (Gepanzerte)


Sd.Kfz.10/4 FLAK 30, Russia, Summer 1941


Gepanzerte 2cm FLAK 38 auf Selbfahrlakette Sd.Kfz.10/5 Russia Eastern Prussia 1944


Sd.Kfz.10 Leiche Zugkraftwagen 5cm PAK 38 in normandy, 1944


Demag Sd.Kfz.10/6 Quad Flakvierling test vehicle, 1943. This proved too heavy for the chassis, not produced.
Sdkfz10/2 Russia winter
Sdkfz10/2 Russia winter

Sdkfz10 towing a Pak36, Russia 1941
Sdkfz10 towing a Pak36, Russia 1941

Sdkfz10 towing a pak 36, Afrikakorps 1941
Sdkfz10 towing a pak 36, Afrikakorps 1941

Up-armored Sdkfz10/4 in Russia, winter 41/42
Sdkfz10/4 in Russia, winter 41/42

10/5 FLAK in 1943
10/5 FLAK in 1943

Sd.Kfz.10 in Poland 1939
Sd.Kfz.10 in Poland 1939


Up-armored 5 cm PaK38 (Sf) auf Zugkraftwagen 1t sd.kfz.10 of the ss


Russia_Halbkettenfahrzeug mit Nebelwerfer


Russia, SdKfz10 Nebelwerfern


Russia, SdKfz10 Pak40


Russia, Halbkettenfahrzeug


Russia, sdkfz10_mit_Pak


Leichte_Zugkraftwagen_1Ton_Halftrack_SdKfz10


Leichte_Zugkraftwagen_1Ton_Halftrack_SdKfz10


SdKfz_10_pulling_PaK_40_russia


Bundesarchiv_Zugkraftwagen_10_mit_Nebelwerfern


Bundesarchiv_Kettenfahrzeug



Vehicle underway at "Thunder over michigan"


Speyer's Sd.kfz.10 in Poland, 2018


At the D-Day museum of colleville sur mer, Normandy



In Saumur



In Sinsheim

Video


The SdKfz 10 at Militrack 2017

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-GMC SWB CCKW-352
-GMC 1939 ACKWX 353 3 ton 6x6 truck
-GMC AFWX-353 3 ton 6x4 truck
-GMC DUKW 353 2-1/2 ton 6x6 truck
-GMC C.O.E. AFKWX
-Diamond T Model 980/981 12-ton 6x4 trucks (G159)
-Diamond T Model 968 4-ton 6x6 truck (G509)
-Diamond T Model 967
-Diamond T Model 970
-Diamond T Model 972
-Diamond M26 Dragon Wagon
-Diamond M19 Tank Transporter
-Diamond T Model 980
-Diamond T 4-ton 6x6 truck
-Autocar U8144T 5/6-ton 4x4 truck
-Brockway/LaFrance 6-ton 6x6 truck, G512, 514, 547, 569
-White/Corbitt 6 ton 6x6 Prime Mover
-Brockway
-Corbitt
-Ward LaFrance
-Four Wheel Drive Auto Company (FWD) SU-COE 5-6 ton 4x4
-White Motor Company
-Inl KR-11 5 ton 4x2 dump truck
-Inl M5-6 318 2-1/2 ton 6x6 swb
-Mack NR15 10-ton 6x4
-Reo 28 XS 10-ton 6x4

US ww2 Small truck/car & Misc.
Bantam Reconnaissance Car
Ford GTB
6x6 Willys 'MT-TUG' ("Super-Jeep")
-Willys MB light truck
-Ford GPA ("Seep")
Buick Century Series 60
1941 Plymouth P11 Staff Car
Ford Fordor 1942 Staff Car
Harley-Davidson WLA motorcycle

Axis ww2 Axis Trucks


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Sd.Kfz 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 were half-tracks designed just before the war as prime movers, to carry supplies, ammunition, personal, and tow artillery. Many were also converted during the war as armored versions carrying AA FLAK guns (Flakvierling, 37 mm, or the legendary 88 mm Rheinmetall als used as tank hunters), or were converted as nebelwerfer (rocket launching armored vehicles). They were built by Hanomag, Steyr, Mercedes-Benz, Bussing and many other manufacturers until 1945, over 20,000 half-tracks.

German ww2 German Military trucks
-Opel Blitz
-Opel Maultier
-Mercedes-Benz L3000
-Magirus A3000
-Krupp Protze Kfz.19
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.68
-Krupp Protze Kfz.69
-Krupp Protze Kfz.70
-Krupp Protze Kfz.81
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.83
-Borgward B 3000
-Skoda Rad Schlepper
-Ost RSO Porsche 175
-Steyr Type 2000A
-Einheits Lkw Kfz.62
-Krupp LKW L3
-Bussing-Nag 4500
-Opel Blitz Omnibus
-Bussing-Nag L
-Mercedes-Benz L1500
-Beute Studebaker
-Krupp L3H
-Hanomag SS-100
-Beute Ford B3000 S, V3000S, V3000A
-Beute Ford model BB
-Beute Ford model V8-51
-Beute Tatra 111

German ww2 German Staff Cars

-Horch 81
-Horch 108
-VW 182 Kübelwagen
-VW Schwimmwagen
-Sd.Kfz.2 Kettenkrad
italy ww2 Italian Military trucks
L. Trucks (Autocarro Leggere)
-Breda-32
-Breda-40
-Breda-41
-ОМ-32 Autocarretta da Montagna
-ОМ-36DM
-Camioneta SPA TL.37
-Camioneta AS.43
-SPA CL39
-SPA ТМ40
-Fiat 618

Med. Trucks (Autocarro Medio)
-Alfa Romeo 430RE
-Alfa Romeo 800RE
-Breda Dovunque-41
-Bianchi Miles
-Ceirano-50СМ
-FIAT-626 NM
-Isotta Fraschini D65
-Isotta Fraschini D80
-SPA Dovunque-35
-SPA Dovunque-41
-SPA AS.37
-SPA-38R
-Autocarro Dovunque SPA 41/42

H. Trucks (Autocarro Gigante)
-FIAT-633NM
-FIAT-634N
-FIAT-666
-Fiat 661
-Lancia Ro
-Lancia 3Ro
-Lancia EsaRo
-ОМ Taurus
-ОМ Titano
-Autocarreta Mod.35
-Autocarri Unificati Ursus

italy ww2 Artillery tractors
-Breda 51
-Breda 52
-Breda 61 (licenced SdKfz-7)
-Fiat-SPA T.L.37
-Pavesi Р4.31 (L140)
-Fiat 727 - half-track artillery tractor
-SPA TM40 - wheeled artillery tractor

italy ww2 Staff Cars -Alfa Romeo 6С2500 Coloniale
-Fiat 508M/CM Ballila
-Fiat 1100 (1937) (Balilla-1100 Coloniale)
-Lancia Aprilia Coloniale
-Bianchi VM 6C
-Fiat 2800 CMC

italy ww2 Motorcycles
-Benelli 500 M36/VLM
-Bianchi Supermil 500
-Gilera 500 LTE
-Moto Guzzi Alce/Trialce
-Volugrafo Aermoto 125
Japan ww2 IJA/IJN ww2 vehicles
-Toyota 4x4 Su-Ki (Amphibious truck)
-Isuzu Type 94 truck
-Type 94 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 95 Mini-truck
-Type 97 4-Wheeled Truck
-Type 1 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 2 Heavy Truck
-Toyota KB/KC Truck
-Nissan 80 Truck
-Nissan 180 Truck
-Amphibious Truck "Su-Ki"

Japan ww2 Tractors
-Type 92 5 t Prime Mover "I-Ke"
-Type 98 6 t Prime Mover "Ro-Ke"
-Type 92 8 t Prime Mover "Ni-Ku"
-Type 95 13 t Prime Mover "Ho-Fu"
-Type 94 4 t Prime Mover "Yo-Ke"
-Type 98 4 t Prime Mover "Shi-Ke"
-Type 96 AA Gun Prime Mover
-Type 98 20 mm AA Machine Cannon Carrier
-Type 98 Half-tracked Prime Mover "Ko-Hi"
-Type 98 20 mm AA Half-Track Vehicle
-Experimental Heavy Gun Tractor Chi-Ke
-Experimental Crawler Truck
-T G Experimental Crawler Truck
-Fordson Prime Mover
-Pavessi Gun Tractor
-50 hp Gun Tractor
-Komatsu 3 ton Tractor
-Light Prime Mover
-Clarton Prime Mover
-Holt 30

Japan ww2 Staff cars
-Toyota AA/AB/AC
-Type 93 6/4-Wheeled Passenger Car
-Type 95 Passenger Car "Kurogane"
-Type 98 Passenger Car
-Model 97 Nissan Staff Car, Nissan 70

Japan ww2 Motorcycles
-Rikuo Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 97 Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 93 side car

Japan ww2 Misc.
-Type 94 Ambulance
-Type 94 Repair Vehicle

Cold War