Scammell Pioneer R100 (1927)

British ww2 6x6 Tractor: 3,414 produced til 1945


The Scammell Pioneer was one of the primary tractors of the British Royal Army before and during WW2. It was used in three roles: Artillery tractor (primary), recovery vehicle (secondary) and tank transporter (tertiary). In the latter role this was practically the only one before its replacement by the Thornycroft Antar in 1952, and before the arrival of lend-lease M19, Mack, Diamond and others heavy duty semi-trailer tractors of flatbed trucks. Despite only 3400+ were built, they proved dependable, had solid output and off-road capablities, and soldiered from the BEF in France in 1940 to the last days of the war in the far east in the summer of 1945. Some even lingered in other roles until the late 1950s. This is the first part of the three parts article studying the different variants of the Scammell Pioneer.

Development

About Scammell


Scammell Scarab

Scammell started as a late-Victorian wheelwright/coach-builder as "G Scammell & Nephew Ltd" located in Spitalfields, London. George Scammell worked with his nephew Richard and his own sons Alfred and James. By the early 1900s, the company started to provided maintenance to Foden steam wagons and customer Edward Rudd, which imported a US Knox Automobile tractor asked Scammell to create a replica. World War I stopped this project, bu the coppany was convinced to double down on Mechanical transport, seeing its vast potential. A great nephew of the founder, Lt. Col. Alfred Scammell, injured, applied his practical experience to develop a articulated six wheeler usable as gun tractor foir the army. Percy G Hugh was its chief designer, but the war ended before it could be completed. It was presented however at the 1920 Commercial Motor Show, with 50 ordered, having a very low axle weight for a payload of 7.5 tonnes carried at 12 mph (19 km/h) instead of the usual 5 mph. This was a revolution.


Scammell Explorer

Scammell made this 7.5-ton articulated vehicle and for this, Scammell & Nephew founded Scammell Lorries Ltd in July 1922, with the managing director being Lt. Col. Scammell located at Tolpits Lane in Watford close to the West railway station with a branch direct to the factory. The HQ stayed in Fashion Street, Spitalfields until 1965. In 1929, Scammell created the "100 Tonner" low loader with two made, one to Marston Road Services in Liverpool, but the company looked at 4/6 six-wheel rigid designs as well, using balloon tyres to compensate for the absence of dedicated suspensions. In 1934 was the launch of its vaunted "Mechanical Horse" designed by Oliver North with an automatic carriage coupling, single front wheel steerable at 360 degrees in 3/6-ton either with a 1,125-cc side-valve or 2,043-cc engine. Karrier competed with the Cob. This model was replaced by the Scammell Scarab with a 2,090-cc, side-valve petrol engine or diesel Perkins in 1941.

Work went on in between on articulated and rigid 8-wheeler lorries and the result was the 6×4 Pioneer. This heavy haulage tractor emerged in 1927 and showed unbeatable cross-country performance due to its patented beam bogie rear axle having up to 2 ft (1 m) of vertical movement at the time, unrivalled, also by Oliver Danson North. It became a best seller in the oil field and forestry markets. In the British Army the R100 became at the same time its main heavy artillery tractor, recovery vehicle and 30-ton tank transporter. Production concentrated in 1939 on military Pioneers only.

From colonial beast of burden to tank transporter

The need to transport tanks was not an obvious one at first, at least given the network of railways cross-crossing the UK and proximity to tests fields. However, even before the war, there were "blind spots" in transportation between railways hubs and concentration points that needed that kind of transport. But the Scammell Pioneer did not started with that in mind. In 1924 the British authorities in India and other far-off territories expressed the need of a civilian 6×4 off-road vehicle that can be used as a multipurpose heavy duty vehicle in its colonies where metalled (sealed) roads were scarce. Scammell proposed its design in 1926, which was accepted, and a modest order was obtained at first.

Pioneer started to produce its Pioneer in 1927. It lacked an all-wheel drive, which was compensated by the use of a suspension with great travel, and an excellent traction provided by a low-revving engine with great capacity, ending with a generous output and even more impressive torque, impressive pulling power whatever the terrain, and still adequate low speed agility and flexibility. Soon, the results were impressive enough to have the army interested. The British War Office purchased one in 1932. The first use was to convert it as a tank transporter (which lacked in British inventory), when coupled with a tailored 18t semi-trailer. It was assigned to a training but did not succeeded to impres however and no order was passed. At least until 1937, as there was no urgent need, expecially in the concvept of cash-strapped Britain after the 1929 crisis.

If not ordered as tank transporters, the british War Office purchased a new serie, equipped on demand with a beefier 102 bhp Gardner 6-cylinder diesel engine. It was driving only the two rear axles through a constant-mesh gearbox. it was also given a power take-off driving with a Scammell winch. Plus military grade tures, and properly military equipment. In 1935 these efforts culminated with the acceptance of the R100 Artillery tractor, which was ordered in numbers to pull the largest British ordnance. That's the first leg of our journey in this versatile type.

The Artillery Tractor R100

The artillery tractor Pioneer R100 was the primary heavy artillery tractor used from 1935 to World War II. it was tasked of tow heavy, but also if needed, medium artillery pieces. Its roomy cabin could accommodate not only the whole gun's crew, but also all the tools, equipment, and ammunition needed to operate the gun, so no more vehicle was required, simplifying logistics considerably. From 1935 to WW2 it was tested and used for towing the 60-pounder, 6-inch howitzer, 4.5-inch gun and 5.5-inch howitzer. However it was criticized as being slow and for this, the AEC Matador impowed itself and a solid alternative as the standard British WW2 medium gun tractor, when provided in sufficient numbers.

But the Pioneer was still the one and only towing the 6-inch gun, 7.2-inch howitzer, 8-inch howitzer, and in WW2 via lend-lease, the 155 mm Long Tom. In the end until 1945, "Only" 980 Pioneer R100 heavy artillery tractors were manufactured, which was still insufficient to meet requirements, and it was supplemented by the more modern Albion CX22S from late 1943. Its postwar replacement was the Thornycroft "Mighty" Antar in 1951, capable of lifting heavy tanks such as the 64 tonnes Conqueror.

Chassis and general design

The Scammell Pioneer R100 (the artillery tractor) shared about the same caracteristics with its siblings, the recovery variant SV1S/T and the tank transport tractor TRCU20. The forward part and chassis were identical, only the flatbed (or lack thererof) was different. Unladen, the R100 was 8.38 long tons (8.51 t) with a useful payload on its flatbed cabin on 2.95 long tons (3.00 t) between the gun crew, gear, tools and ammunitions. Its towing capacity went to 19.64 long tons (19.96 t) max.

From bumper to hook the chassis measured 20 feet 7 inches (6.27 m) and 8 feet 6 inches (2.59 m) in width, as well as 9 feet 9 inches (2.97 m) in height at the top of the roof forward. The engine was placed under a relatively narrow bonnet, topped with a distinctive vertical flanges radiator calander. The bonnet's top opened in two parts hinged along a central spine and there were two more accesses on either side for quick daily service and maintenance. The forward axle was covered by a pair of mudguards and the road lights were installed on poles seated on the base of the chassis but there was no bumper per se, and instead a winch and hook for self-unditching.

The cabin started right past the bonnet, and was quite large, tall and roomy. Underneath was the main fuel tank on the right while the left was occupied by an open netted storage area. Access via the two main doors was done via a simple step at the base of the fuel tank. The doors were hinged foward. There was a single seat in front pf the steering wheel, two gears, pedals, and a bunk large enough fr 2-3 more passengers in the forward cabin alone, and two smaller windows. Main windows were generally closed before the war, but wartime production simplification had them eliminated and instead simple rolled canvas was dropped in heavy weather. The forward windshield was composed of four windows, with a flat frame. There were rear mirrors fixed to the forward frame.

The flatbed was occupied by a cab large enough for the whole gun crew, 6 to 8 ùen seated on folding bunks, with a lot of room for ammunition crates and gear in the middle. Access was via two small doors accessible by steps or ladders. The two rear axles had no protection but were toppd by the overhangin cabin. A fixed heavy durty hook at the end of the chassis allowed the towing of the largest artillery poiece in british inventory, the most often seen being the 7.5 inches howitzer. One intereting aspect was the presence of a crane under the top of the roof with a telescopic gantry and pulleys for lifting and unloading heavy ammunition crates. The very large "balloon type" off-road wheels had no spare. The Pioneer was a tall vehicle due to its massive suspension system, high ground clearance, and an easy target, as it was unarmed and completely unprotected.

Mobility



Under the hood took place a valiant 510 cu in (8.4 L) Gardner 6-cylinder Diesel as requested by the army in 1933. it provided 102 brake horsepower (76 kW) at 1,700 rpm and a masive torque through a 6-speed constant-mesh gearbox. There was a 6x4 drive with Walking beam Suspension which combined with large wheels authorized near acrobatic obstacle crossing, clearing, climbing abilities on all terrains. Operational range was limited to 430 miles (690 km) in normal conditions, half perhaps when towing a 10tons ordnance. Top speed was limited to 24 miles per hour (39 km/h) unladen on road, far less with the same payload off-road. By 1943 standareds it appeared underpowered compared to new vehicles but was a true progress compared to horse-drawn carriages which were still around in 1936.


Front axle

Diesel engine

specs. R-100 artillery tractor

Lenght20 feet 7 inches (6.27 m)
Width8 feet 6 inches (2.59 m)
Height9 feet 9 inches (2.97 m)
Total weightLight 8.38 l.tons, max 19.64 l.tons
Payload2.95 long tons (3.00 t)
Crew1+8, see notes
Propulsion8.4 L Gardner 6-cyl. Diesel 102 bhp (76 kW)/1700 rpm
Suspension6x4 Walking beam
Transmission6-speed constant-mesh gearbox
Speed (road)24 miles per hour (39 km/h)
Range430 miles (690 km)
ArmamentNone
Production980 1935-1945

Recovery vehicle SV1S/T

(To come)

Tank Transporter Pioneer TRCU20

(To come)

The Scammell Pioneer in action



Despite its archaic appearance and ponderous gait, Scammell’s Pioneer remains a legend among fans of antique trucks. Originally introduced in 1929, its military career did not begin until three years later when the War Office bought a single example equipped with a tank-transporter semi-trailer. In 1937 this was followed by a modified production version, first rated at 20 tons, then upgraded to 30 tons.

There were also artillery tractor and heavy recovery versions, dating from 1935 and 1936, respectively. Where the prototype tank transporter had been fitted with a petrol engine, all subsequent production was powered by Gardner’s inimitable 6LW six-cylinder diesel engine, producing 102hp from 8,396cc, and driving through a six-speed gearbox to walking beam gear-cases at the rear. At the front was a transversely pivoted axle. Military production continued until 1945, by which time 2,783 Pioneers had been delivered. Surplus Pioneers formed the basis of many heavy haulage and recovery fleets during the 1950s.

Many Pioneer gun tractors were lost in France in June 1940 with the evacuation of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF), either destroyed by the withdrawing troops or captured by the Germans. Next stop however was its use North Africa, where the tank transporter took all its sense as the ARV variants. They were used in Italy but less present in France after D-Day, already susperseded by the Albion CX-22S or lend-lease vehicles. They saw service also in the far east and even ended still in service with some Royal Engineer Regiments in Germany (BAOR), before being phased out in 1955. Many had survived to this day.

Read More/src

archive.commercialmotor.com
rememuseum.org.uk query
rememuseum.org.uk on the Model SV1S
rememuseum.org.uk on the R100
Footage of recoveries (video)
en.wikipedia.org scammell lorries
Photos
o5m6.de tank transporters

Videos



R100 of the Bedford Yeomanry III corps BEF France 1940



R100 in base desert tan, Egypt 1941



Pioneer at the battle of El Alamein in desert livery, late 1942



Pioneer R-100 in Italy, 1944.



Pioneer R-100 of the REME postwar


Next: Scammell ARVs

Additional photos















WW1 Vehicles

British ww2 WWI trucks
British ww2 British WWI Vehicles
LGOC B-type troop Bus
Mack AC
Pierce-Arrow AA truck
BSA 14/18 hp-20/25 hp
BSA 13.9 h.p
Lanchester staff Car
Thornycroft J
Maudslay Lorry
AEC Y Type
Foster-Daimler Tractor
Motorc. Triumph H
Ford Model T Patrol Car
FWD Model B 3-ton Lorry
Leyland 3-ton truck
Vulcan truck
Vauxhall D-type staff car
Crossley 20/25 staff car
French ww2 French WWI Vehicles
Berliet CBA
Berliet Type M
Châtillon-Panhard Tractor
Panhard K11
Latil TAR Tractor
Panhard-Genty 24 HP
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Renault AG1 Landaulet
Renault Truck 60CV
Renault FB Artillery Portee
Schneider CD Artillery Tractor
Soviet ww2 Russian WWI Vehicles
(list in research)
US ww2 US WWI Vehicles
Holt tractor
Liberty Trucks, assembled by:
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  • Brockway
  • Diamond T
  • Gardford
  • Gramm-Berstein
  • Indiana
  • Kelly-Springfield
  • Packard
  • Pierce-Arrow
  • Republic
  • Selden
  • SMTC
  • Sterling
  • USMTC
  • Velie
  • Dart
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Cadillac trucks/staff cars
Ricker truck
Ford Model T Mil.
Spruce log truck
Dodge M1918 Light Repair truck
Dart BB, E, L, Liberty CC4, J Tractor
5-ton Artillery Tractor
Ford Model T Ambulance
Mack AC "Bulldog" Truck
Holt 15-ton Tractor
Jeffery Quad Lorry
FWD Model B‎
FWD SU-COE‎‎
Italy ww1 Italian WWI Vehicles
Lancia IZ
Fiat 15ter Ambulance
Fiat 15ter Lorry
Fiat 18BL Lorry
Hersent-Thiriont Flamethrower
(list in research)
Soviet ww2 Japanese WWI Vehicles
(list in research)
Belgian Dutch ww2 Belgian, Dutch and other WWI vehicles
Berna C2 Truck (Swiss)
(list in research)
German Empire ww1 German WWI Vehicles
A7V Überlandwagen
Beobachtungsanhänger
Büssing KZW1800 Artillery Tractor
Daimler Marienfelde Truck
Field Artillery Limbers
Große FeldKüche Hf.13
Mercedes 37/95 Staff Car
(list in research)
Soviet ww2 Austro-Hungarian Vehicles
Austro-Daimler Lorry
Austro-Daimler Artilleriezugwagen
B-Zug Artillery Tractor
Feldküche M.1915

Turkish vehicles Turkish WWI Vehicles
(list in research)

allied ww2 Allied ww2 Vehicles

British ww2 British Vehicles
-AEC Armoured Command Vehicle (415)
-AEC Matador
-Albion CX22S
-Albion FT15N
-Albion WD.CX24
-Austin K2/Y Ambulance
-Austin K3
-Austin K4
-Austin K4 Dropside
-Austin K5
-Austin K6 GS
-Austin K6 Gantry
-Bedford MW
-Bedford OXA Armoured
-Bedford OXC Semi-trailer
-Bedford OXD GS
-Bedford OYC Tanker
-Bedford OYD GS
-Bedford QL series (QLD, QLR/QLC QLT TC)
-CMP FAT
-Commer Q2
-Crossley Q-Type
-Diamond T tank transporter
-Guy Quad-Ant FAT
-Guy Lizard ACV
-Humber FWD
-Karrier KT4
-Karrier K6
-Leyland Hippo Mk I/II
-Leyland Lynx
-Leyland Retriever
-Mack EXBX
-Morris 15cwt
-Morris CDSW
-Morris ML Ambulance
-Morris C8 GS/FAT
-Morris Commercial CD series
-Morris Commercial CS8
-Morris C9
-Morris GS Terrapin
-Morris PU
-Scammell Pioneer
-Thornycroft Hathi (1924)
-Thornycroft Nubian
-Thornycroft Tartar
US ww2 Canadian Trucks
-Ford F8 CMP
-CMP C15/F15 (1940)
-CMP CGT/FGT FAT (1942)
-CMP C30/F30 LRGD (1942)
-CMP C30/F30 (1940)
-CMP C60/F60 LWB (1941)
-CMP C60/F60 SWB (1942)
-C-60X 6x6 CMP
-F-60H 6x4 CMP
-Ford F-GT CMP
-Chevy C-GT CMP
-C8A 1C1 HUP
-Chevrolet 3 ton truck
-Chevrolet WB 30cwt LRDG
-Chevrolet C8/C8A 4x2 CMP
French ww2 French Vehicles
-Berliet DGRA
-Berliet GDC
-Berliet GDM
-Berliet VDCA
-Berliet 30
-Bernard fuel carrier
-Citroën Kégresse P14 .
-Citroën Kégresse P17
-Citroën Kégresse P19
-Citroën Type 23
-Citroën 32U
-Citroën T45
-ELMAG
-Fiat France 38R
-Ford France
-Hotchkiss PKW Type 680
-Hotchkiss 686
-Hotchkiss 686 PNA
-Isobloc W843M medical bus
-Laffly S15R
-Laffly S15T
-Laffly V15T
-Laffly V15R
-Laffly W15T/R
-Laffly 20TL
-Laffly 25
-Laffly 45
-Latil TAR H2
-Latil M2Tl6
-Matford F917
-Panhard K113 Truck
-Panhard K125 Truck/Bus
-Peugeot 202
-Peugeot 402
-Peugeot DMA
-Peugeot DK
-Peugeot DK5
-Renault AHS
-Renault AHN
-Renault AHR
-Renault AGC
-Renault ADK
-Renault ADH
-Renault AHSs
-Saurer type 3CT
-Simca 5 staff car
-Simca 8 staff car
-Somua MCL
-Somua MCG
-Talbot staff car
-Unic TU1
-Unic P107
-Trippel SG6
-Willeme DU10
Soviet ww2 Soviet Trucks
-BZ-38
-GAZ AA M1927 M1932 M1941
-GAZ–MM
-GAZ AAA M1937/1940
-GAZ-60
-GAZ-65
-Ford Marmon HH6 Katiusha
-SU-1-12
-SU-4
-SU C-6
-SU-12
-Yag-6
-Yag-10
-Yag-10 SPG
-ZIS-5/V/BZ
-ZIS-6
-ZIS-12
-ZIS-22M HT
-ZIS-33 HT
-ZIS 41 HT
-ZIS 42M HT
-FN-Kégresse T3

Artillery tractors
-Komsomolets (4,041 pre-war)
-T-26-T
-STZ-3 (3,658 pre-war)
-STZ-5 (7,170 pre-war)
-Stalinets (ChTz S-65) (?)
-Komintern (1,017 pre-war)
-Voroshilovets (1228 1942)
-Kommunar (504 pre-war)
-YA-12 (1,666)
-Wheeled Tractor SKhTZ 15-30 (1930) Soviet staff cars
-GAZ A
-GAZ M1 "Emka"
-GAZ 11-73
-GAZ 61-73
-GAZ 67 Amphibious armoured cars
-PB-4
-PB-7
-BAD-2
Soviet ww2 Czech Trucks
-Praga N (1915)
-Praga TNSPE (1916) AC
-Praga MN, LN (1926)
-Praga RN (1933)
-Praga SND (SNDgs) (1937)
-Praga RND (1935)
-Praga T6 (1937) artillery tractor
-Praga RV (1934)
-Praga AV (1936)
-Tatra 26
-Tatra 57/57K (1932-1940)
-Tatra 72
-Tatra 82
-Tatra 92
-Tatra 81
-Tatra 111
US ww2 US Trucks
-Autocar U8144T 5/6-ton 4x4 truck
-Brockway/LaFrance 6-ton 6x6 truck, G512, 514, 547, 569
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-Chevrolet m1936
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-Chevrolet G-7107 4-1/2 ton 4x4
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-Corbitt 6-ton 6×6 truck
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-Diamond T Model 968 4-ton 6x6 truck (G509)
-Diamond T Model 967
-Diamond T Model 970
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-Diamond M26 Dragon Wagon
-Diamond M19 Tank Transporter
-Diamond T Model 980
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-Dodge WC-51/52 (3⁄4-ton Trucks, Weapons Carrier)
-Dodge WC-53 (3⁄4-ton Carryall)
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-Dodge WC-55 (3⁄4-ton Truck, M6 Gun Motor Carriage)
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-Dodge WC-62/43 (G-507, 11⁄2-ton, 6x6 truck)
-Dodge M6 GMC
-Dodge T-234 "China/Burma" truck
-Ford B3000 S
-Ford V3000S
-Ford V3000A
-Ford BB
-Ford V8-51
-Ford m1931
-Ford V8 M1937
-Four Wheel Drive Auto Company (FWD) SU-COE 5-6 ton 4x4
-International B2
-International model 1937
-Inl KR-11 5 ton 4x2 dump truck
-Inl M5-6 318 2-1/2 ton 6x6 swb
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-Reo 28 XS 10-ton 6x4
-Studebaker US6x4 U-5
-Studebaker US6x4 U-7
-Studebaker US6x4 U-6
-Studebaker US6 U4 bz35S 2-1/2 ton 6x6 truck
-T1E1(M1) half-track
-T5 half-track
-T7 half-track
-T9 half-track
-Ward LaFrance
-White 6 ton 6x6 Prime Mover
-White G-691 444T
-White 6-ton 6×6 truck G512, 514, 526, 547

US ww2 Small truck/car & Misc.
Bantam Reconnaissance Car
Ford GTB
6x6 Willys 'MT-TUG' ("Super-Jeep")
-Willys MB light truck
-Ford GPA ("Seep")
Buick Century Series 60
1941 Plymouth P11 Staff Car
Ford Fordor 1942 Staff Car
Harley-Davidson WLA motorcycle
US ww2 Tractors. M1 Heavy Tractor:
  • Allis-Chalmers Model L
  • G-022 Caterpillar Model 60
  • G-89 Caterpillar RD7
  • G-98, G-107 Allis-Chalmers HD-10DW
  • G-101 International Harvester TD-18
  • G-126 Caterpillar D7
  • G-153 Caterpillar D8

Axis ww2 Axis Trucks


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Sd.Kfz 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 were half-tracks designed just before the war as prime movers, to carry supplies, ammunition, personal, and tow artillery. Many were also converted during the war as armored versions carrying AA FLAK guns (Flakvierling, 37 mm, or the legendary 88 mm Rheinmetall als used as tank hunters), or were converted as nebelwerfer (rocket launching armored vehicles). They were built by Hanomag, Steyr, Mercedes-Benz, Bussing and many other manufacturers until 1945, over 20,000 half-tracks.

German ww2 German Military trucks
-Opel Blitz
-Mercedes-Benz L3000
-Magirus A3000
-Krupp Protze Kfz.19
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.68
-Krupp Protze Kfz.69
-Krupp Protze Kfz.70
-Krupp Protze Kfz.81
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.83
-Borgward B 3000
-Skoda Rad Schlepper
-Ost RSO Porsche 175
-Steyr Type 2000A
-Einheits Lkw Kfz.62
-Krupp LKW L3
-Bussing-Nag 4500
-Opel Blitz Omnibus
-Bussing-Nag L
-Mercedes-Benz L1500
-Beute Studebaker
-Krupp L3H
-Hanomag SS-100
-Beute Ford B3000 S, V3000S, V3000A
-Beute Ford model BB
-Beute Ford model V8-51
-Beute Tatra 111

German ww2 German Half Tracks

-Sd.Kfz.2 Kettenkrad
-Sd.Kfz.3 Maultier
-Sd.Kfz.4 Panzerwerfer
-Sd.Kfz.6
-Sd.Kfz.7
-Sd.Kfz.8
-Sd.Kfz.9
-Sd.Kfz.10
-Sd.Kfz.11
-Schwere Wehrmachtsschlepper
-Leichte Wehrmachtsschlepper
-Raupenschlepper Ost

German ww2 German Staff Cars

-Horch 81
-Horch 108
-Kfz.15 Horch 901
-VW 182 Kübelwagen
-VW Schwimmwagen
italy ww2 Italian Military trucks
L. Trucks (Autocarro Leggere)
-ОМ Autocarretta da Montagna
-SPA TL.37
-SPA AS37 Sahariano
-SPA CL39
-SPA ТМ40
-Fiat 618
Med. Trucks (Autocarro Medio)
-Alfa Romeo 430RE 1
-Alfa Romeo 800RE
-Bianchi Miles
-Ceirano-50СМ
-FIAT-626 NM
-Isotta Fraschini D65
-Isotta Fraschini D80
-SPA Dovunque-35
-SPA Dovunque-41
-SPA-38R
-Autocarro Dovunque SPA 41/42 1

H. Trucks (Autocarro Gigante)
-FIAT-633NM
-FIAT-634NM
-FIAT-666
-Fiat 661
-Lancia Ro
-Lancia 3Ro and TE
-Lancia EsaRo
-ОМ Taurus
-ОМ Titano
-Autocarri Unificati Ursus

italy ww2 Artillery tractors
-Breda TP32
-Breda TP 40
-Breda TP 41
-Breda 6x4 51
-90/53 su Breda 52
-Breda 61 (licenced SdKfz-7)
-Fiat-SPA T.L.37
-Pavesi Р4.31 (L140)
-Fiat 727 half-track artillery tractor
-SPA TM40 wheeled artillery tractor

italy ww2 Staff Cars
-Alfa Romeo 6С2500 Coloniale
-Fiat 508M Ballila
-Fiat 508CM Coloniale
-Fiat 1100 (1937) (Balilla-1100 Coloniale)
-Lancia Aprilia Coloniale
-Bianchi VM 6C
-Fiat 2800 CMC

italy ww2 Motorcycles
-Benelli 500 M36/VLM
-Bianchi Supermil 500
-Gilera 500 LTE
-Moto Guzzi Alce/Trialce
-Volugrafo Aermoto 125
Japan ww2 IJA/IJN ww2 vehicles
-Toyota 4x4 Su-Ki (Amphibious truck)
-Isuzu Type 94 truck
-Type 94 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 95 Mini-truck
-Type 97 4-Wheeled Truck
-Type 1 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 2 Heavy Truck
-Toyota KB/KC Truck
-Nissan 80 Truck
-Nissan 180 Truck
Japan ww2 Tractors
-Type 92 5 t Prime Mover "I-Ke"
-Type 98 6 t Prime Mover "Ro-Ke"
-Type 92 8 t Prime Mover "Ni-Ku"
-Type 95 13 t Prime Mover "Ho-Fu"
-Type 94 4 t Prime Mover "Yo-Ke"
-Type 98 4 t Prime Mover "Shi-Ke"
-Type 96 AA Gun Prime Mover
-Type 98 20 mm AA Machine Cannon Carrier
-Type 98 Half-tracked Prime Mover "Ko-Hi"
-Type 98 20 mm AA Half-Track Vehicle
-Experimental Heavy Gun Tractor Chi-Ke
-Experimental Crawler Truck
-T G Experimental Crawler Truck
-Fordson Prime Mover
-Pavessi Gun Tractor
-50 hp Gun Tractor
-Komatsu 3 ton Tractor
-Light Prime Mover
-Clarton Prime Mover
-Holt 30

Japan ww2 Staff cars
-Toyota AA/AB/AC
-Type 93 6/4-Wheeled Passenger Car
-Type 95 Passenger Car "Kurogane"
-Type 98 Passenger Car
-Model 97 Nissan Staff Car, Nissan 70

Japan ww2 Motorcycles
-Rikuo Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 97 Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 93 side car

Japan ww2 Misc.
-Type 94 Ambulance
-Type 94 Repair Vehicle

Cold War & Modern Vehicles

Section pending completion.
BAV-485 * MAZ-543 * GAZ 46 * GAZ 67B * GAZ/UAZ-69 * GAZ 51 * GAZ 63* ZIL-131 * GAZ 66 * KrAZ-214 * KrAZ-255 * KrAZ-260 * KZKT-7428 * MAZ-535 * MAZ-537 * MAZ-7310 * Ural 375 * URAL 4320 * ZIL-135 * ZIL-151 * ZIL-157 * ZIL-157/PR-11M * ZIL-6 * ZIL-6


* * * * Praga V3S * Tatra 813
Ford G398 * Borgward BE3000 * Henschel HS 115 * Hanomag AL 28 * Mercedes Standard 4.5L * Mercedes LG 315/46 * Magirus-Deutz 170 * Magirus-Deutz 232 * Magirus-Deutz Jupiter 6x6 * Magirus-Deutz A 6500 * MAN KAT-1 * SLT 50 Elefant TT * Liebherr 8x8 GLW * MAN TGM Mil 18 4x4 * Liebherr 4x4 FKL * MAN 630 L2 * Mercedes LA * Unimog 404 2.5 standard * DKW Munga (1956) * Mercedes G-class * Volkswagen Type 181 (1968) * Volkswagen Iltis (1978) * MAN LX Tactical Trucks * M3 Amphibious Rig
Willys Jeep CJ series * Jeep M606 * Jeep M38A1 * Jeep M170 * M151 Mutt * M422 Mighty Mite * CJ V-35(/U) * M274 4x4 "Mule" * M37 Series 4x4 "Power Wagon" * M35 Series 6x6 * M54 Series 6x6 * M123/M125 6x6 * M715 series 4x4 * M561 6x6 "Gamma Goat" * M656 Series 8x8 * M880 series 4x4 * M809 series 6x6 * M520 4x4 "Goer" * M915 series 6x4 * M911 C-MET 8x6 * CUCV M1008 4x4 * HMMWV 4x4 * M939 Series 6x6 * HEMTT M977 8x8

Land-Rover * Bedford RL * Bedford TK/MK * Bedford TM * AEC Militant * Austin K9 * AEC Mandator TEL

IFA G5

Nissan 2.5 Truck * * Hitachi Type 73 artillery tractor (1974) * Toyota Type 73 * Isuzu HST * Nissan Patrol * Mitsubishi Type 73 * Toyota Land Cruiser *
Jiefang CA10 * Jiefang CA30
Beijing BJ212 * Beijing BJ2020 * Dongfeng EQ240/EQ2081 * Dongfeng EQ245/EQ2100 * Dongfeng EQ2050 * FAW MV3 * Hanyang HY4260 * Hanyang HY4330 * HTF5680A1 * SFQ2040 LieYing * Xiaolong XL2060 * Jiefang CA-30 * NJ2045/2046 * Shaanxi SX2190 * Shaanxi SX2150 * TA580/TAS5380 * TA5450/TAS5450 * TAS5500 * TAS5570 * TAS5690 * Type 82 truck * WS2300 * WS2400 * WS2500 * Wanshan W-2600 * WS21200 * WS51200
Renault TRM 10000 GP | Renault RM 700-100 TT | Renault TRM 2000 lorry | Berliet GBC 8 TK & Renault GBC 180 | Renault Kerax* | Iveco PPT3 | PML VPCM | Scania CCP10 | Scania TRA TOE NG | Renault ESRC | Renault ESRC AVIT | Renault CCPTA | Mercedes CCP3/5 | Renault Carapace | Renault CDLR | Renault PPDL | Renault CDLR CBH 385 | VLTT | Grizzly LUV | VOS-APP LUV | VOS-PAT LUV | Acmat VLRA | Panhard VPS LUV | Aquus AREG VLFS | Renault T4 VLTP NG | Arquus Trapper VT4 | French Mil. Quads | Renault Kangoo | French Bulldozers | Souvim Minesweeper | EFA Bridgelayer | Renault PFM BDL | SPRAT AVLB

Modern Trucks

Section pending completion.

India:

Tatra Prithvi | Ashok-Leyland Agni II TEL

Italy:

Iveco ACTL

Romania:

AMT 25, AMT 950, DAC, Roman, Dacia Duster.

Indonesia:

Rantis P6 ATAV

Russia:

UAZ Esaul * Kamaz 6560 * Pantsir S1

France:

Renault TRM 10000 GP | Renault RM 700-100 TT | Renault TRM 2000 lorry | <Renault Kerax | Iveco PPT3 | PML VPCM | Scania CCP10 | Scanian TRA TOE NG | Renault ESRC | Renault ESRC AVIT | Renault CCPTA | Mercedes CCP3/5 | Renault Carapace | Renault CDLR | Renault PPDL | Renault CDLR CBH 385 | VLTT | Grizzly LUV | VOS-APP LUV | VOS-PAT LUV | Acmat VLRA | Panhard VPS LUV | Aquus AREG VLFS | Renault T4 VLTP NG | | French Mil. Quads | Renault Kangoo | French Bulldozers | Souvim Minesweeper | EFA Bridgelayer | Renault PFM BDL | SPRAT AVLB

Germany:

Mercedes 250GD Wolf | Mercedes Wolf SSA | Mercedes G300 Greenliner | VW T3/T4/T6 van | BWM G650 GS | BMW F850 GS | BMW R1150 RT | BMW R1200 RT | KTM 400LS-E BdW | LIV(SO) Serval | German quads | Faun LST50-3 Elefant | Faun STL56 Franziska | Faun SLT Mammut | RMT HX81 | SAANH 70T | Mercedes Unimog U3/4/5000 | Mercedes Zetros | MAN KAT1 | RMT Multi 2 | RMT WLS 6x6 | RMT UTF WLKS 8x8 | | MAN TGS 8x4 | MAN TGS 6x4 | MAN RMMV TGA | Mercedes Atego | Mercedes Axor | EWK M3 Amph.Rig | Liebherr FKL | Liebherr FKM | T.Faun FKS ATF 30-2 | T.Faun FKS ATF 70-4 | T.Faun FKS ATF 100-5 | T.Faun FKS ATF 110-5 | T.Faun FKS ATF 120-5 Obelix | Steinbrock 2.5 Y4 | Herbst-Smag Orion V | Konecrane SMV 2216 TC3 | Ahlmann AS1600 | Liebherr 574 | MAN Cobra Radar | Liebherr LTM 1050

Netherlands:

Defenture Mammoth | to come | placeholder | MLC-70 WGMST

Spain:

➹ Santana Anibal |

Turkey:

United Kingdom:

RWMIK land rover | Toyota Jankel Al-Thalab | Sky Sabre | Alvis Unipower | land Rover Wolf | Land Rover Defender BFA | Alvis Supacat ATMP | Marshall Gasket 3 | MAN SV (Mark I-III)

USA:

Interim Fast Attack Vehicle | M1161 Growler | Boeing Phantom Badger | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |