Albion CX 22 (1940)

British ww2 Artillery Heavy Tractor Truck, 532 produced
The standard medium artillery tractor towing the 5.5 in gun
The Albion CX22S appeared in late 1943 to supplement the Scammell Pioneer heavy artillery tractor which production was too slow. In service, the CX22S provided the British Army prime mover for the US-lend lease 155mm Long Tom and British BL 7.2-inch howitzer. Albion would deliver 532 CX22S artillery tractors, starting in November 1943 and until June 1945 and they stayed in service in the 1950s as well.

About Albion motors

Founded in 1899, Albion Motors was purchased by Leyland Motors in 1951 but manufacture under the Albion brand went on until 1972, and afterwards under Leyland. It was maintained in Scotstoun (Glasgow) until 1980. Production or military lorries started with the british Army in WWI, when the ccompany delivered 3 ton trucks powered by a 32 hp engine. The company became well known in the interwar for its buses as well. In 1930, the Company started to gain orders for the military and military trucks started to grow in its overall production.

In 1937, Albion developed a 3 ton forward control 6x4 truck soon to be adopted by the army as the BY1. Its standard body types included a cargo, breakdown, engineers and workshop types. Versatile it was widely used until June 1940, when the BY3 appeared with a 6-cylinder engine. By May 1941, the BY3 was itself superseded by the BY5, which had abetter engine, a homegrown 6-cylinder, type EN208B 4.566 cm3 unit. This vehicle was used to carry the "Folding Boat Body No.1 Mk II" (Weymanns), and was used also as bridging vehicle. In short it became widely used by the Royal Engineers in Europe during WW2. The production late-type had full windscreen, but it ceased in 1945.

Albion_CX22S_fron
Albion_CX22S_rear
Albion_CX22S_side

Development of the Albion CX22

The CX22S was based on Albion's CX23N 10-ton truck. It commenced production in 1943, broadly similar to the CX24, but designed as a heavy gun tractor. It was was never used as an articulated unit. Longer than the WD.CX24 and wider its frontal appearance in particular was massive. Originally it was to be fitted with a petrol engine but the Army changed its requirement for a diesel engine in June 1943. Also it had provision for a heavier tyre equipment, single at the rear. The prototype also was fitted with a cast aluminum radiator. In production however it was replaced by a more suitable military copper top tank type. However still it was but much shorter than the CX24's radiator. In total, the production of the Albion CX22 ran from November 1943 to June 1945 with a grand total of 532 vehicles. The Contract No.S 2191 stipulated a total order for 750, curtailed in June 1945 when the hostility ceased. The Census range was H5191353 to H5192102 and Chassis number range went from 63700A to 63774L.

Design

The CX22 cab had bench seating for three and the rear body bench could accomodated four while folding seats had two more sat along multiple stowage for tools, equipment and ammunition. Basically the perfect artillery crew vehicle. The CX22S was also fitted with an 8 long tons capacity (8.1 t) Scammell vertical-spindle winch. It was installed under the rear body and assist when towing the gun to the truck, or other tasks. It was tailored for towing a 14 tons 8 inches howitzer, and the total moving weight fully laden reached 29 tons 4 cwt., while its unloaded weight was 16 tons 10cwt, down to 11 tons totally unladen "naked".

The inflation system used a Clayton Dewandre air pressure assisted mechanical on the rear bogie. The Handbrake system used Clayton Dewandre air pressure assisted mechanical on the rear bogie and the trailer brake system had a twin air coupling and cable servo system. Electrical system called for a 24V split load system plus four 6V 150 A/hr batteries. The Charging system was a Simms 24V, 55DB1X dynamo coupled with a JCDT324X regulator. The Wheel sizes were 13.50-20", low pressure, later changed to 14.00-20" model for better cross-country capabilities, all were sculpted and reinforced for cross-country or a simple radial type at the front axle.

Powerplant and mobility

The CX22S was a 6x4 truck powered by a 100 bhp (75 kW) six-cylinder inline diesel engine. It was served by a four-speed gearbox, with in addition a two-speed auxiliary gearbox. The EN244 engine developed 9.1 litres and it was manufactured at the time with a cast-iron crankcase, in place of an aluminum one. The 6-cylinders had a 4.5/8" bore and 5.1/2" stroke. Total capacity was 9,085 cc, for 105 bhp @ 1850 rpm. Fuel tank capacity was 75 gallons and fuel consumption 8 mpg laden, authorizing a range on full tank 600 miles, on flat, but the vehicle off road performances were down to around 30 kph and 200 miles. Cooling capacity for the radiator was 8 gals. Its 4F-1R Gearbox was coupled with an auxiliary gearbox with 1:1 & 2.15:1 speed ratio.

Matador specifications

Lenght25 ft 6 in (7.77 m)
Width8 ft 9 in (2.67 m)
Height10 ft 4 in (3.15 m)
Total weight, battle readyUnladen 11 tons 6cwt, FL 16 tons 10cwt.
Crew2 +artillery team
Propulsion6-cyl inline Albion EN244 diesel 100 hp/1,750rpm
Transmission4F1Rx2, main and secondary gearboxes, 6x4 drive
Payload5.13 long tons (5.21 t)
SuspensionLive axles on semi-elliptical multi leaf springs
Speed (road)45 kph (28 mph)
RangeCirca 800 km (600 mi)
ArmamentNone (personal weapons)
Production532 1943-45.

The CX22 in action

The CX22 was a heavy artillery towing vehicle. It was tailored for towing the BL 7.2-inch howitzer, but was also found suited for the lend-lease 155 mm Long Tom. It was used in Italy since itr introduction in late 1943 early 1944 and gradually grew in numbers in all units until the northern European campaign in the Netherlands and Germany. After WW2, the vehicle stayed as a maintay tractor for heavy artillery until being phased out in the late 1950s, reaching the civilian market. From there, it was declined into a multiple types of bodies: Utility Van, workshop, dump truck, crane and salvage vehicle. The last were still rolling well into the 1990s. Other in between were purchased by collectioners and restored to a WW2 livery.

Read More/src

About the DY5 on armyvehicles.dk
On trucksplanet.com
Same, on the related CX24
More specs on anti-aircraft.co.uk
Photos at Duxford
Video footage
More cc photos
wiki

Model kits on scalemates.com
QHQ metal model kit on brukhme.com
Pat Ware, A complete directory of military vehicles, Wigston: Anness Publishing Ltd


In Italy, January 1944



Vehicle without tarpaulin



Vehicle in the Netherlands, December 1944



CX22 towing a British Royal Artillery 7.2 inches howitzer



CX22 towing a 8-in US "long tom" heavy gun



CX22S in March 1945, Germany.


Additional photos











WW1 Vehicles

British ww2 WWI trucks
FR: Berliet CBA, Berliet Type M, Châtillon-Panhard, Latil TAR, Panhard-Genty 24 HP, Renault EG

allied ww2 Allied ww2 Vehicles

British ww2 British Vehicles
-AEC Armoured Command Vehicle (415)
-AEC Matador
-Albion CX22S
-Albion FT15N
-Albion WD.CX24
-Austin K2/Y Ambulance
-Austin K3
-Austin K4
-Austin K4 Dropside
-Austin K5
-Austin K6 GS
-Austin K6 Gantry
-Bedford MW
-Bedford OXA Armoured
-Bedford OXC Semi-trailer
-Bedford OXD GS
-Bedford OYC Tanker
-Bedford OYD GS
-Bedford QL series (QLD, QLR/QLC QLT TC)
-CMP FAT
-CMP Truck
-Commer Q2
-Crossley Q-Type
-Diamond T tank transporter
-Guy Quad-Ant FAT
-Guy Lizard ACV
-Humber FWD
-Karrier KT4
-Karrier K6
-Leyland Hippo Mk I/II
-Leyland Lynx
-Leyland Retriever
-Mack EXBX
-Morris 15cwt
-Morris CDSW
-Morris ML Ambulance
-Morris C8 GS/FAT
-Morris Commercial CD series
-Morris Commercial CS8
-Morris C9
-Morris GS Terrapin
-Morris PU
-Scammell Pioneer SV1S/SV2S
-Thornycroft Hathi (1924)
-Thornycroft Nubian
-Thornycroft Tartar
French ww2 French Vehicles
-Berliet DGRA
-Berliet GDC
-Berliet GDM
-Berliet VDCA
-Berliet 30
-Bernard fuel carrier
-Citroën Kégresse P14 .
-Citroën Kégresse P17
-Citroën Kégresse P19
-Citroën Type 23
-Citroën 32U
-Citroën T45
-ELMAG
-Fiat France 38R
-Ford France
-Hotchkiss PKW Type 680
-Hotchkiss 686
-Hotchkiss 686 PNA
-Isobloc W843M medical bus
-Laffly S15R
-Laffly S15T
-Laffly V15T
-Laffly V15R
-Laffly W15T/R
-Laffly 20TL
-Latil TAR H2
-Latil M2Tl6
-Matford F917
-Panhard K113
-Panhard K113
-Peugeot 202
-Peugeot 402
-Peugeot DMA
-Peugeot DK
-Peugeot DK5
-Renault AHS
-Renault AHN
-Renault AHR
-Renault AGC
-Renault ADK
-Renault ADH
-Renault AHSs
-Saurer type 3CT
-Simca 5 staff car
-Simca 8 staff car
-Somua MCL
-Somua MCG
-Talbot staff car
-Unic TU1
-Unic P107
-Trippel SG6
-Willeme DU10
Soviet ww2 Soviet Trucks
-BZ-38
-GAZ AA M1927 M1932 M1941
-GAZ–MM
-GAZ AAA M1937
-GAZ AAA M1940
-GAZ-60
-GAZ-65
-Ford Marmon HH6 Katiusha
-SU-1-12
-SU-4
-SU C-6
-SU-12
-Yag-6
-Yag-10
-Yag-10 SPG
-ZIS-5/V/BZ
-ZIS-6
-ZIS-12
-ZIS-22M HT
-ZIS-33 HT
-ZIS 41 HT
-ZIS 42M HT
-FN-Kégresse T3

Soviet staff cars
-GAZ A
-GAZ M1 "Emka"
-GAZ 11-73
-GAZ 61-73
-GAZ 67 Amphibious armoured cars
-PB-4
-PB-7
-BAD-2
US ww2 US Trucks
-Ford B3000 S
-Ford V3000S
-Ford V3000A,
-Ford BB
-Ford V8-51
-Ford m1931
-Ford V8 M1937
-T1E1(M1) half-track
-T5 half-track
-T7 half-track
-T9 half-track
-G8T 2-1/2 ton 4x2 Truck
-International B2
-International model 1937
-Chevrolet m1931
-Chevrolet m1936
-Chevrolet G-506 ​1 1⁄2-ton 4x4
-Chevrolet G-7107 4-1/2 ton 4x4
-Chevrolet 3116 1-1/2 ton 4x2
-Studebaker US6x4 U7
-Studebaker US6x4 U-6
-Studebaker US6x6 U-5 6x4
-Studebaker US6 U4 bz35S 2-1/2 ton 6x6 truck
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Ambulance
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Carry-all
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton (Radio) Command Reconnaissance
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Truck, Closed Cab
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Truck, Open Cab
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton (Radio) Panel Van
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Telephone Service (K50)
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Truck, Emergency Repair
-Dodge WC-51/52 (3⁄4-ton Trucks, Weapons Carrier)
-Dodge WC-53 (3⁄4-ton Carryall)
-Dodge WC-54/64 (3⁄4-ton Ambulance)
-Dodge WC-55 (3⁄4-ton Truck, M6 Gun Motor Carriage)
-Dodge WC-56/57/58 (3⁄4-ton (Radio) Command Reconnaissance)
-Dodge WC-62/43 (G-507, 11⁄2-ton, 6x6 truck)
-Dodge M6 GMC
-GMC CCKW Cargo Truck
-GMC CCKW 353 2-1/2 Ton Truck
-GMC SWB CCKW-352
-GMC 1939 ACKWX 353 3 ton 6x6 truck
-GMC AFWX-353 3 ton 6x4 truck
-GMC DUKW 353 2-1/2 ton 6x6 truck
-GMC C.O.E. AFKWX
-Diamond T Model 980/981 12-ton 6x4 trucks (G159)
-Diamond T Model 968 4-ton 6x6 truck (G509)
-Diamond T Model 967
-Diamond T Model 970
-Diamond T Model 972
-Diamond M26 Dragon Wagon
-Diamond M19 Tank Transporter
-Diamond T Model 980
-Diamond T 4-ton 6x6 truck
-Autocar U8144T 5/6-ton 4x4 truck
-Brockway/LaFrance 6-ton 6x6 truck, G512, 514, 547, 569
-White/Corbitt 6 ton 6x6 Prime Mover
-Brockway
-Corbitt
-Ward LaFrance
-Four Wheel Drive Auto Company (FWD) SU-COE 5-6 ton 4x4
-White Motor Company
-Inl KR-11 5 ton 4x2 dump truck
-Inl M5-6 318 2-1/2 ton 6x6 swb
-Mack NR15 10-ton 6x4
-Reo 28 XS 10-ton 6x4

US ww2 Small truck/car & Misc.
Bantam Reconnaissance Car
Ford GTB
6x6 Willys 'MT-TUG' ("Super-Jeep")
-Willys MB light truck
-Ford GPA ("Seep")
Buick Century Series 60
1941 Plymouth P11 Staff Car
Ford Fordor 1942 Staff Car
Harley-Davidson WLA motorcycle

Axis ww2 Axis Trucks


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Sd.Kfz 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 were half-tracks designed just before the war as prime movers, to carry supplies, ammunition, personal, and tow artillery. Many were also converted during the war as armored versions carrying AA FLAK guns (Flakvierling, 37 mm, or the legendary 88 mm Rheinmetall als used as tank hunters), or were converted as nebelwerfer (rocket launching armored vehicles). They were built by Hanomag, Steyr, Mercedes-Benz, Bussing and many other manufacturers until 1945, over 20,000 half-tracks.

German ww2 German Military trucks
-Opel Blitz
-Opel Maultier
-Mercedes-Benz L3000
-Magirus A3000
-Krupp Protze Kfz.19
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.68
-Krupp Protze Kfz.69
-Krupp Protze Kfz.70
-Krupp Protze Kfz.81
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.83
-Borgward B 3000
-Skoda Rad Schlepper
-Ost RSO Porsche 175
-Steyr Type 2000A
-Einheits Lkw Kfz.62
-Krupp LKW L3
-Bussing-Nag 4500
-Opel Blitz Omnibus
-Bussing-Nag L
-Mercedes-Benz L1500
-Beute Studebaker
-Krupp L3H
-Hanomag SS-100
-Beute Ford B3000 S, V3000S, V3000A
-Beute Ford model BB
-Beute Ford model V8-51
-Beute Tatra 111

German ww2 German Staff Cars

-Horch 81
-Horch 108
-VW 182 Kübelwagen
-VW Schwimmwagen
-Sd.Kfz.2 Kettenkrad
italy ww2 Italian Military trucks
L. Trucks (Autocarro Leggere)
-Breda-32
-Breda-40
-Breda-41
-ОМ-32 Autocarretta da Montagna
-ОМ-36DM
-Camioneta SPA TL.37
-Camioneta AS.43
-SPA CL39
-SPA ТМ40
-Fiat 618

Med. Trucks (Autocarro Medio)
-Alfa Romeo 430RE
-Alfa Romeo 800RE
-Breda Dovunque-41
-Bianchi Miles
-Ceirano-50СМ
-FIAT-626 NM
-Isotta Fraschini D65
-Isotta Fraschini D80
-SPA Dovunque-35
-SPA Dovunque-41
-SPA AS.37
-SPA-38R
-Autocarro Dovunque SPA 41/42

H. Trucks (Autocarro Gigante)
-FIAT-633NM
-FIAT-634N
-FIAT-666
-Fiat 661
-Lancia Ro
-Lancia 3Ro
-Lancia EsaRo
-ОМ Taurus
-ОМ Titano
-Autocarreta Mod.35
-Autocarri Unificati Ursus

italy ww2 Artillery tractors
-Breda 51
-Breda 52
-Breda 61 (licenced SdKfz-7)
-Fiat-SPA T.L.37
-Pavesi Р4.31 (L140)
-Fiat 727 - half-track artillery tractor
-SPA TM40 - wheeled artillery tractor

italy ww2 Staff Cars -Alfa Romeo 6С2500 Coloniale
-Fiat 508M/CM Ballila
-Fiat 1100 (1937) (Balilla-1100 Coloniale)
-Lancia Aprilia Coloniale
-Bianchi VM 6C
-Fiat 2800 CMC

italy ww2 Motorcycles
-Benelli 500 M36/VLM
-Bianchi Supermil 500
-Gilera 500 LTE
-Moto Guzzi Alce/Trialce
-Volugrafo Aermoto 125
Japan ww2 IJA/IJN ww2 vehicles
-Toyota 4x4 Su-Ki (Amphibious truck)
-Isuzu Type 94 truck
-Type 94 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 95 Mini-truck
-Type 97 4-Wheeled Truck
-Type 1 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 2 Heavy Truck
-Toyota KB/KC Truck
-Nissan 80 Truck
-Nissan 180 Truck
-Amphibious Truck "Su-Ki"

Japan ww2 Tractors
-Type 92 5 t Prime Mover "I-Ke"
-Type 98 6 t Prime Mover "Ro-Ke"
-Type 92 8 t Prime Mover "Ni-Ku"
-Type 95 13 t Prime Mover "Ho-Fu"
-Type 94 4 t Prime Mover "Yo-Ke"
-Type 98 4 t Prime Mover "Shi-Ke"
-Type 96 AA Gun Prime Mover
-Type 98 20 mm AA Machine Cannon Carrier
-Type 98 Half-tracked Prime Mover "Ko-Hi"
-Type 98 20 mm AA Half-Track Vehicle
-Experimental Heavy Gun Tractor Chi-Ke
-Experimental Crawler Truck
-T G Experimental Crawler Truck
-Fordson Prime Mover
-Pavessi Gun Tractor
-50 hp Gun Tractor
-Komatsu 3 ton Tractor
-Light Prime Mover
-Clarton Prime Mover
-Holt 30

Japan ww2 Staff cars
-Toyota AA/AB/AC
-Type 93 6/4-Wheeled Passenger Car
-Type 95 Passenger Car "Kurogane"
-Type 98 Passenger Car
-Model 97 Nissan Staff Car, Nissan 70

Japan ww2 Motorcycles
-Rikuo Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 97 Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 93 side car

Japan ww2 Misc.
-Type 94 Ambulance
-Type 94 Repair Vehicle

Cold War