M1 Heavy Tractor (Caterpillar D-7)

USA USA (1938-1950). G126 (c50,000 built)

Caterpillar D7 - The origins and lineage.

About Caterpillar ("cat")

The company went down to the steam tractors manufactured by Holt in 1890. These were extremely heavy per horsepower, so much they sank into the earth. The manufacturer was located at San Joaquin Valley Delta farmland near Stockton in California. Benjamin Holt played on the wheels size up to 7.5 feet (2.3 m) tall, 6 feet (1.8 m) wide making very largez, but also tractors that were complex, expensive and maintenance-heavy. Long story short one day he heard about Richard Hornsby & Sons's tests in Grantham, Lincolnshire with steel plate-tracked vehicles.


Company Poster on the M1 Tractor

He acquired the licence in 1904 and produced his first tractor using differential braking tracks. He got rid of the forward tiller and steering wheel and these started operation in the Yukon, up to 1927. Given the limited market, the patent was sold to Holt. The future company name came from an anecdote by Company photographer Charles Clements which compared the track looking like a caterpillar but it could have been from British soldiers witnessing trials of the Hornsby tractor by July 1907. The first Holt Caterpillar had a track frame 30 inches (760 mm) high, 42 inches (1,100 mm) wide over 9 feet (2.7 m) long. These were costly but proved instrumental for muddy terrain and soon he patented a continuous track on December 1907 called the "Traction Engine".

Holt tractor of WWI


Holt 75 Gun tractor towing a replica 8 inch gun at Great Dorset Steam Fair

On February 1910, a new plant was installed at East Peoria in Illinois and soon farm implement dealer Murray Baker became the company's executive vice president. This became the "Caterpillar Tractor Company". In 1910 the Holt was owned the trademark name Caterpillar. This proved so profitable through exports that the company acquired other sub-manufacturers. Soon, in 1914, the company demonstrated to the armies in Europe the way his tractors could tow any artillery piece on the worst terrain. It happened that the first tanks were manufactured by William Foster & Co. in Lincolnshire which collaborated with Hornsby on tractors for artillery already demonstrated by Holt to the British military in 1907 and using at the time paraffin (kerosene) engines.

Holt's tracked tractors soon became a staple of World War I prime movers. Holt shipped 1,200 tractors to the entente, France, Britain and Russia at the time for "agricultural purposes", but they were soon deployed to the frontline, hauling artillery and supplies in the worst conditions. Soon both in France and Britain, the Holt Tractor proved to be capable of receiving an armoured hull. This was the start of a long lineage: Little Willie in Britain after trials at Aldershot in 1914, the Schneider CA and St Chamond tanks in France. Holt became the prime artillery tractor provider for the entente, between 6-in howitzer, 60-pdr, and up to 9.2-in howitzer. They were indispensible, and provided the basis for the first tank. In Short, Holt-Caterpillar greatly contributed to win the war. Since then many hiostorians had state the Holt Tractor had been "one of the most important military vehicles of all time", on par perhaps with the Jeep in WW2.

Caterpillar co. (1925)


A Caterpillar D2, introduced in 1938, at the Serpentine Vintage Tractor Museum, Serpentine, Western Australia

Bankers holding Holt's large debt contracted after WWI, forced the board to accept Thomas A. Baxter to succeed Benjamin Holt. Baxter eliminated large military or civilian tractors to focus on smaller, cheaper models targeted at the agricultural market. Thanks to the Federal Aid Highway Act of 1921 he provied also road-construction equipment, in competition to the Fordson company. Before that huge sums had been consumed in legal fees over contractual, trademark, and patent infringement lawsuits. So by April-May 1925, a merger saw the dominence of the market leader Holt Caterpillar as Caterpillar Tractor Co, headquartered in San Leandro until 1930, then Peoria. Clarence Leo Best became its CEO until October 1951.

Caterpillar had a short catalog limited to just five tracked tractors sharing a lot of elements: A 2 Ton, 5 Ton, 10 Ton range from Holt and the Caterpillar 30-60 from Best Tractor Co.'s. Two Holt models were eliminated in 1926 and the 2-ton by 1928 but saled went up by 1929, and then crashed in 1931-35. Diesel engines were adopted. In 1938 the company distributed it's "D" range.

Caterpillar D7 Tractor

Fats forward and Caterpillar tractors were distributed to the US Army and produced by other countries under licence. They acquired famed in the Pacific, used by the Seabees, the construction battalions of the USN/USMC spamming airfields and facilities across islands, and sometimes fighting resident Japanese. Caterpillar eventually in 1945 ranked 44th among US corporations in wartime military production contracts. Postwar the company continued to grow and by 1950, became a multinational corporation now familiar as "Cat".

The D-7 lineage



The D7 manufactured in 1938 was the first after a long line of tractors following WWI. There was the D6 in 1935 (RD6) sporting a 3-cylinder 45 hp (34 kW) D6600 engine for example. The larger D8 was also presented the same year, in ww2 came its 2U Series rated for 148 hp (110 kW). There was the D5 (9M) originally built in 1939, but only 46 were built as a cross between the D4 chassis and 6-cyl. D6 45 horsepower (34 kW) D4600 engine. The D9 and D10 were introduced in the 1950-60s and the D11 in 1986. But the D7 was by far the most popular.

A series of improved models were produced postwar:
-D7C (1955)
-D7D (1959)
-D7E (1961) rated for 160 hp (120 kW)
-D7F (1969) rated for 180 hp (130 kW)
-D7G (1974) rated for 200 hp (150 kW)
-D7H (1986) rated for 215 hp (160 kW), first with elevated drive sprocket undercarriage.
-D7R (1996) and D7R Series 2 in the 2000s.
-D7E (2009) with Electric drive, 'flat-track' configuration.
-D7 (2020) with high drive, ongoing.

The Army M1 Heavy Tractor

The M1 Heavy Tractor was the United States Army generic term covering several civilian tracked tractors adopted for military use without change. The Ordnance Department wanted them as prime movers, ie for towing artillery and not as bulldozers. The Corps of Engineers tractors however had blades. But soon these unprotected, slow machines looked ill-suited for combat and gradually removed by several successive generations of armoured tractor, starting with existing turretless tanks. There were also dedicated models such as the Mack NO or "High Speed Tractors": M4, M5, or M6, all created and designed on purpose. Some tractors had crane attachments for payload handling as well. In all, over 1,000 M1 tractors were also leased to the Soviet Union (mostly of the Cat D7 type) for towing the 122, 152, 203 guns as an improvized prime mover. This was provisional as the Red Army already ramped up its tractor production with very competent models, albeit never in sufficient numbers.

Variants of the M1:

  • Allis-Chalmers Model L
  • G-022 Caterpillar Model 60
  • G-89 Caterpillar RD7
  • G-98, G-107 Allis-Chalmers HD-10DW
  • G-101 International Harvester TD-18
  • G-126 Caterpillar D7
  • G-153 Caterpillar D8

Design













Dimensions and weight

By dimensions and classification, the M1 in military service was a heavy tractor, 160 in (4,114 mm) long for 97 in (2,539 mm) in width and 96 in (2,400 mm) in height and that was without any attachments, see options below, and it was phenomenally reliable. It weighted 31,870 lb (14,460 kg). It existed both as a prime mover (towing ordnance and equipment when nothing else was available) but mostly performed as earthmover and bulldozer. The D7 used several blades, like a straight ("S-Blade") short, without lateral curve, side wings for fine grading but also the more traditional Angle blade, 4' in height and attached on C-frame. It was later articulated by hydraulics on three angles. There was also the Universal and combined "S-U" blades developed postwar. There were many added options (see below).

Powerplant and performances


D-8880 engine

The M1 was powered by a Caterpillar engine model D-8800, 4 cyl. 80 hp, 13.617 cc, liquid cooled diesel. Maximum drawbar pull was 11.500 kg and more. It was not known for blazing speeds: For a crawler, it barely registered beyond human pace, at 5-8 kph (3-5 mph). What power was not passed into speed was entirely delivered in torque. This vehicle was unstoppable. This powered could be passed onto a winch, a blade, or an hydraulic system to lift and tilt the blade.

Add-on Variants

LeTourneau Bulldozer (1940)

The XD7 Bulldozer was similar to the others above, but it's when Engaging the clutch of the power control unit that the blade was raised, and held when returning to neutral, or lowered again when releasing the brake. The XD7 Bulldozer could use front or rear rear-mounted PCUs and came at the front as knock-down kits with detachable blade and pushbeams. It surclassed the WEK7 Bulldozer thanks to its easy disassembly, compact stowage.

LeTourneau Angledozer (1942)

The LeTourneau WCK7 angledozer was a gear adapted to the D7 and composed of a steel blade across the front with supporting yokes and sidearms as well as trunnion brackets for pivoting the rear of the yoke. There front and rear A-frames as well as a ridgebeam supporting sheaves with a cable went through for raising the blade bowl, connected to the power control unit. As it went forward, this apparatus could elevate the dozer blade or adjust it into the best angled position or tilted position depending on the needs. This WCK7 angledozer could be installed in the field, with a simple cable drum, using the R7 PCU when available, and a spare drum. This was the standard angledozer type for the M1/D7 in ww2.

LeTourneau Tiltdozer (1943)

The A7 Tiltdozer also comprised a steel blade forward but with pushbeams to support the "bowl" and trunnion brackets, A-frames, ridgebeam for the cable and it can be operate either from the front or rear, where was located the Power unit. The blade was raised by engaging the clutch of the power control unit and lowered when releasing the brake, so to act both as bulldozer and angledozer. As the name suggest the blad was easy to tilt with precisions, using adjusting screws at the front of each tilting brace under a curved guard. Often these are recoinisable to their sharp pointed end blades. It likely arrived on the frontline from January 1944 onwards;

LaPlant-Choate R76F/R76R Trailbuilder:

The R76F is installed at the front and the R76R at the rear. These trailbuilders comprised the front steel blade, pushpoles, main support frame and tractor mountings for the main frame pivot. This combo trailbuilder was a essentially a cable-operated angledozer connected to a rear/front mounted PCU indifferently. Typically D7s came with a LaPlant-Choate R76F Trailbuilder and LeTourneau FTD7 front-mounted PCU, of the R76R Trailbuilder with LeTourneau R7 rear-mounted PCU. The blade had a 30° left-right adjustment to act as bulldozer. It could also be tilted up/down at either end. Introduction date unknown.

LaPlant-Choate R71 Trailbuilder (hydraulic)

The R71 trailbuilder was a hydraulic-operated angledozer like the one abobv, but it had a comprehensive hydraulic system (hydraulic pump, control valve, piping, oil reservoir, hydraulic jacks). The first is connected to the engine via a bracked mounting to the fan-belt pulley to raise and lower the blade. The trailbuilder outside track frames on pivot mountings are lifted/lowered by double-acting jacks, for down-pressure and lifting-power. The blade could also angle angled 30° either side and tilted as the previous model. Introduction date unknown.

Main WW2 Variants

  • D7 7M series, manufactured 1940-1944, D8800 engine and 74 inch track gauge (1.880mm), c10,000 produced.
  • D7A 1T1001 series, manufactured 1943, 138 made with Armor plating 7mm, twin hydraulic cylinders, rear mounted Hyster D7N winch
  • D7 3T series, manufactured 1944-1955, c28,000 made
  • D7 4T series, manufactured 1944-1945, no production figure
  • D7 6T series, manufactured 1945, no production figure

The D7 in operations

The second world war was also a logistician war. As the dicton says "amateurs speaks tactics, professionnals speaks logistics". In WW2 in particular, the front was huge and fluid, with offensives and counter-offensives over long distances. This implied trains, trucks, staff cars, but also depots along the way. Engineers, especially in the Pacific, where infrastrycture was absent most of the time, were hard at work building bases, harbours, bases, depots, radio/radar stations, fortifications and airfields. For this, tracked tractor and bulldozers were heavily used for combat construction on all fronts, and in the US case, the mass-produced D7 came out as an absolute must.

It also often doubled as artillery prime mover when tractors were not available, as its ability for towing the heaviest field gun in the US arsenal, the 155 mm "long tom" on the worst terrain was invaluable. The tractor, unprotected and slow was sturdy as a rock and reliable even without maintenance, providing an answer to all tasks. Thanks to the numerous kits developed for it (see above), the D7 (most of the M1s were such vehicles) became the mule of construction teams anywhere. The D7 was at first a purely utilitarian vehicle, not supposed to see frontline action. It carried no armament nor armour, although some were improvized armour with scrap metal on the most debated campaign assignments, notably the seebees in the Pacific. Those that created Henderson Field at Guadalcanal in particular, were under constant fire from the Japanese. In fact the Seabees were its most praising crowd of all.

Its career did not stopped in WW2. Indeed, these were still used in Korea, and new variants saw action in Vietnam. Specially modified D7Es fitted with Rome plows cleared forests in the Vietnam war and some were up-armoured as they had to deal with Vietcong ambushes. Armored D7G clear minefields while unarmored D7G and D7H wree used for earthworks during the Gulf war. A full armor kit was developed for them by Israel Military Industries (IMI) and the US Army developed later a remote controlled version for mine-clearing. In 2009 the USMC replaced its D7Gs by Deere's 850J MCT but both the IDF and Egyptian Army today operates armored D7R II.

Read More/src

armyvehicles.dk
reviews.ipmsusa.org
en.wikipedia.org M1 Heavy Tractor
http://panzerserra.blogspot.com
list of US mil. vehicles by supply cat. designation
Caterpillar_Inc
Caterpillar_D7
usautoindustryworldwartwo.com

Video

Model Kits


Several kits, often 1/35
US Army D7, 1941
US Army D7, 1941

Navy Seabees model
Navy Seabees model, Guadalcanal Fall 1942

Army M1, 1944
Army M1, 1944 (note; originally with LeTourneau power unit.


Crawler heavy tractor M1

Photos


Holt 5-ton tractor


5-ton Medium tractor M1 (cat 30)


M1 Cleatrac (Cat 35)


M2 light tractor (Cat 20)


M4 Tractor Crane Caterpillar D-7


Serpentine VTM cat D2, gnangarra


WW2 US D7 preserved, coll. Museum


D7 from the 1st Mech. Equip. Section, Royal Engineers, Norway, April June 1940


British D7 armoured Bulldozer, 1944


Women's land army on a D7, Britain


Armoured D7S in Ramahdi, Iraq, 2008





















































WW1 Vehicles

British ww2 WWI trucks
British ww2 British WWI Vehicles
LGOC B-type troop Bus
Mack AC
Pierce-Arrow AA truck
BSA 14/18 hp-20/25 hp
BSA 13.9 h.p
Lanchester staff Car
Thornycroft J
Maudslay Lorry
AEC Y Type
Foster-Daimler Tractor
Motorc. Triumph H
Ford Model T Patrol Car
FWD Model B 3-ton Lorry
Leyland 3-ton truck
Vulcan truck
Vauxhall D-type staff car
Crossley 20/25 staff car
French ww2 French WWI Vehicles
Berliet CBA
Berliet Type M
Châtillon-Panhard Tractor
Panhard K11
Latil TAR Tractor
Panhard-Genty 24 HP
Renault EG
Renault AG1 Landaulet
Renault Truck 60CV
Renault FB Artillery Portee
Schneider CD Artillery Tractor
Soviet ww2 Russian WWI Vehicles
(list in research)
US ww2 US WWI Vehicles
Holt tractor
Liberty Trucks, assembled by:
  • Bethlehem
  • Brockway
  • Diamond T
  • Gardford
  • Gramm-Berstein
  • Indiana
  • Kelly-Springfield
  • Packard
  • Pierce-Arrow
  • Republic
  • Selden
  • SMTC
  • Sterling
  • USMTC
  • Velie
  • Dart
  • Lafrance
Cadillac trucks/staff cars
Ricker truck
Ford Model T Mil.
Spruce log truck
Dodge M1918 Light Repair truck
Dart BB, E, L, Liberty CC4, J Tractor
5-ton Artillery Tractor
Ford Model T Ambulance
Mack AC "Bulldog" Truck
Holt 15-ton Tractor
Jeffery Quad Lorry
FWD Model B‎
FWD SU-COE‎‎
Italy ww1 Italian WWI Vehicles
Lancia IZ
Fiat 15ter Ambulance
Fiat 15ter Lorry
Fiat 18BL Lorry
Hersent-Thiriont Flamethrower
(list in research)
Soviet ww2 Japanese WWI Vehicles
(list in research)
Belgian Dutch ww2 Belgian, Dutch and other WWI vehicles
Berna C2 Truck (Swiss)
(list in research)
German Empire ww1 German WWI Vehicles
A7V Überlandwagen
Beobachtungsanhänger
Büssing KZW1800 Artillery Tractor
Daimler Marienfelde Truck
Field Artillery Limbers
Große FeldKüche Hf.13
Mercedes 37/95 Staff Car
(list in research)
Soviet ww2 Austro-Hungarian Vehicles
Austro-Daimler Lorry
Austro-Daimler Artilleriezugwagen
B-Zug Artillery Tractor
Feldküche M.1915

Turkish vehicles Turkish WWI Vehicles
(list in research)

allied ww2 Allied ww2 Vehicles

British ww2 British Vehicles
-AEC Armoured Command Vehicle (415)
-AEC Matador
-Albion CX22S
-Albion FT15N
-Albion WD.CX24
-Austin K2/Y Ambulance
-Austin K3
-Austin K4
-Austin K4 Dropside
-Austin K5
-Austin K6 GS
-Austin K6 Gantry
-Bedford MW
-Bedford OXA Armoured
-Bedford OXC Semi-trailer
-Bedford OXD GS
-Bedford OYC Tanker
-Bedford OYD GS
-Bedford QL series (QLD, QLR/QLC QLT TC)
-CMP FAT
-Commer Q2
-Crossley Q-Type
-Diamond T tank transporter
-Guy Quad-Ant FAT
-Guy Lizard ACV
-Humber FWD
-Karrier KT4
-Karrier K6
-Leyland Hippo Mk I/II
-Leyland Lynx
-Leyland Retriever
-Mack EXBX
-Morris 15cwt
-Morris CDSW
-Morris ML Ambulance
-Morris C8 GS/FAT
-Morris Commercial CD series
-Morris Commercial CS8
-Morris C9
-Morris GS Terrapin
-Morris PU
-Scammell Pioneer SV1S/SV2S
-Thornycroft Hathi (1924)
-Thornycroft Nubian
-Thornycroft Tartar
US ww2 Canadian Trucks
-Ford F8 CMP
-CMP C15/F15 (1940)
-CMP CGT/FGT FAT (1942)
-CMP C30/F30 LRGD (1942)
-CMP C30/F30 (1940)
-CMP C60/F60 LWB (1941)
-CMP C60/F60 SWB (1942)
-C-60X 6x6 CMP
-F-60H 6x4 CMP
-Ford F-GT CMP
-Chevy C-GT CMP
-C8A 1C1 HUP
-Chevrolet 3 ton truck
-Chevrolet WB 30cwt LRDG
-Chevrolet C8/C8A 4x2 CMP
French ww2 French Vehicles
-Berliet DGRA
-Berliet GDC
-Berliet GDM
-Berliet VDCA
-Berliet 30
-Bernard fuel carrier
-Citroën Kégresse P14 .
-Citroën Kégresse P17
-Citroën Kégresse P19
-Citroën Type 23
-Citroën 32U
-Citroën T45
-ELMAG
-Fiat France 38R
-Ford France
-Hotchkiss PKW Type 680
-Hotchkiss 686
-Hotchkiss 686 PNA
-Isobloc W843M medical bus
-Laffly S15R
-Laffly S15T
-Laffly V15T
-Laffly V15R
-Laffly W15T/R
-Laffly 20TL
-Laffly 25
-Laffly 45
-Latil TAR H2
-Latil M2Tl6
-Matford F917
-Panhard K113 Truck
-Panhard K125 Truck/Bus
-Peugeot 202
-Peugeot 402
-Peugeot DMA
-Peugeot DK
-Peugeot DK5
-Renault AHS
-Renault AHN
-Renault AHR
-Renault AGC
-Renault ADK
-Renault ADH
-Renault AHSs
-Saurer type 3CT
-Simca 5 staff car
-Simca 8 staff car
-Somua MCL
-Somua MCG
-Talbot staff car
-Unic TU1
-Unic P107
-Trippel SG6
-Willeme DU10
Soviet ww2 Soviet Trucks
-BZ-38
-GAZ AA M1927 M1932 M1941
-GAZ–MM
-GAZ AAA M1937/1940
-GAZ-60
-GAZ-65
-Ford Marmon HH6 Katiusha
-SU-1-12
-SU-4
-SU C-6
-SU-12
-Yag-6
-Yag-10
-Yag-10 SPG
-ZIS-5/V/BZ
-ZIS-6
-ZIS-12
-ZIS-22M HT
-ZIS-33 HT
-ZIS 41 HT
-ZIS 42M HT
-FN-Kégresse T3

Soviet staff cars
-GAZ A
-GAZ M1 "Emka"
-GAZ 11-73
-GAZ 61-73
-GAZ 67 Amphibious armoured cars
-PB-4
-PB-7
-BAD-2
Soviet ww2 Czech Trucks
-Praga N (1915)
-Praga TNSPE (1916) AC
-Praga MN, LN (1926)
-Praga RN (1933)
-Praga SND (SNDgs) (1937)
-Praga RND (1935)
-Praga T6 (1937) artillery tractor
-Praga RV (1934)
-Praga AV (1936)
-Tatra 26
-Tatra 57/57K (1932-1940)
-Tatra 72
-Tatra 82
-Tatra 92
-Tatra 81
-Tatra 111
US ww2 US Trucks
-Autocar U8144T 5/6-ton 4x4 truck
-Brockway/LaFrance 6-ton 6x6 truck, G512, 514, 547, 569
-Brockway 6-ton 6×6 truck
-Chevrolet m1931
-Chevrolet m1936
-Chevrolet G506 1.5 ton 4x4 truck
-Chevrolet G-7107 4-1/2 ton 4x4
-Chevrolet 3116 1-1/2 ton 4x2
-Chevrolet AFWX-354
-Corbitt 6-ton 6×6 truck
-Diamond T Model 980/981 12-ton 6x4 trucks (G159)
-Diamond T Model 968 4-ton 6x6 truck (G509)
-Diamond T Model 967
-Diamond T Model 970
-Diamond T Model 972
-Diamond M26 Dragon Wagon
-Diamond M19 Tank Transporter
-Diamond T Model 980
-Diamond T 4-ton 6x6 truck
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton truck
-Dodge WC-51/52 (3⁄4-ton Trucks, Weapons Carrier)
-Dodge WC-53 (3⁄4-ton Carryall)
-Dodge WC-54/64 (3⁄4-ton Ambulance)
-Dodge WC-55 (3⁄4-ton Truck, M6 Gun Motor Carriage)
-Dodge WC-56/57/58 (3⁄4-ton (Radio) Command Reconnaissance)
-Dodge WC-62/43 (G-507, 11⁄2-ton, 6x6 truck)
-Dodge M6 GMC
-Dodge T-234 "China/Burma" truck
-Ford B3000 S
-Ford V3000S
-Ford V3000A
-Ford BB
-Ford V8-51
-Ford m1931
-Ford V8 M1937
-Four Wheel Drive Auto Company (FWD) SU-COE 5-6 ton 4x4
-International B2
-International model 1937
-Inl KR-11 5 ton 4x2 dump truck
-Inl M5-6 318 2-1/2 ton 6x6 swb
-G8T 2-1/2 ton 4x2 Truck
-Mack NR15 10-ton 6x4
-Reo 28 XS 10-ton 6x4
-Studebaker US6x4 U-5
-Studebaker US6x4 U-7
-Studebaker US6x4 U-6
-Studebaker US6 U4 bz35S 2-1/2 ton 6x6 truck
-T1E1(M1) half-track
-T5 half-track
-T7 half-track
-T9 half-track
-Ward LaFrance
-White 6 ton 6x6 Prime Mover
-White G-691 444T
-White 6-ton 6×6 truck G512, 514, 526, 547

US ww2 Small truck/car & Misc.
Bantam Reconnaissance Car
Ford GTB
6x6 Willys 'MT-TUG' ("Super-Jeep")
-Willys MB light truck
-Ford GPA ("Seep")
Buick Century Series 60
1941 Plymouth P11 Staff Car
Ford Fordor 1942 Staff Car
Harley-Davidson WLA motorcycle
US ww2 Tractors. M1 Heavy Tractor:
  • Allis-Chalmers Model L
  • G-022 Caterpillar Model 60
  • G-89 Caterpillar RD7
  • G-98, G-107 Allis-Chalmers HD-10DW
  • G-101 International Harvester TD-18
  • G-126 Caterpillar D7
  • G-153 Caterpillar D8

Axis ww2 Axis Trucks


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Sd.Kfz 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 were half-tracks designed just before the war as prime movers, to carry supplies, ammunition, personal, and tow artillery. Many were also converted during the war as armored versions carrying AA FLAK guns (Flakvierling, 37 mm, or the legendary 88 mm Rheinmetall als used as tank hunters), or were converted as nebelwerfer (rocket launching armored vehicles). They were built by Hanomag, Steyr, Mercedes-Benz, Bussing and many other manufacturers until 1945, over 20,000 half-tracks.

German ww2 German Military trucks
-Opel Blitz
-Mercedes-Benz L3000
-Magirus A3000
-Krupp Protze Kfz.19
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.68
-Krupp Protze Kfz.69
-Krupp Protze Kfz.70
-Krupp Protze Kfz.81
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.83
-Borgward B 3000
-Skoda Rad Schlepper
-Ost RSO Porsche 175
-Steyr Type 2000A
-Einheits Lkw Kfz.62
-Krupp LKW L3
-Bussing-Nag 4500
-Opel Blitz Omnibus
-Bussing-Nag L
-Mercedes-Benz L1500
-Beute Studebaker
-Krupp L3H
-Hanomag SS-100
-Beute Ford B3000 S, V3000S, V3000A
-Beute Ford model BB
-Beute Ford model V8-51
-Beute Tatra 111

German ww2 German Half Tracks

-Sd.Kfz.2 Kettenkrad
-Sd.Kfz.3 Maultier
-Sd.Kfz.4 Panzerwerfer
-Sd.Kfz.6
-Sd.Kfz.7
-Sd.Kfz.8
-Sd.Kfz.9
-Sd.Kfz.10
-Sd.Kfz.11
-Schwere Wehrmachtsschlepper
-Leichte Wehrmachtsschlepper
-Raupenschlepper Ost

German ww2 German Staff Cars

-Horch 81
-Horch 108
-Kfz.15 Horch 901
-VW 182 Kübelwagen
-VW Schwimmwagen
italy ww2 Italian Military trucks
L. Trucks (Autocarro Leggere)
-ОМ Autocarretta da Montagna
-Camioneta SPA TL.37
-Camioneta AS.43
-SPA CL39
-SPA ТМ40
-Fiat 618
Med. Trucks (Autocarro Medio)
-Alfa Romeo 430RE
-Alfa Romeo 800RE
-Bianchi Miles
-Ceirano-50СМ
-FIAT-626 NM
-Isotta Fraschini D65
-Isotta Fraschini D80
-SPA Dovunque-35
-SPA Dovunque-41
-SPA AS.37
-SPA-38R
-Autocarro Dovunque SPA 41/42

H. Trucks (Autocarro Gigante)
-FIAT-633NM
-FIAT-634N
-FIAT-666
-Fiat 661
-Lancia Ro
-Lancia 3Ro and TE
-Lancia EsaRo
-ОМ Taurus
-ОМ Titano
-Autocarri Unificati Ursus

italy ww2 Artillery tractors
-Breda TP32
-Breda TP 40
-Breda TP 41
-Breda 6x4 51
-90/53 su Breda 52
-Breda 61 (licenced SdKfz-7)
-Fiat-SPA T.L.37
-Pavesi Р4.31 (L140)
-Fiat 727 half-track artillery tractor
-SPA TM40 wheeled artillery tractor

italy ww2 Staff Cars
-Alfa Romeo 6С2500 Coloniale
-Fiat 508M Ballila
-Fiat 508CM Coloniale
-Fiat 1100 (1937) (Balilla-1100 Coloniale)
-Lancia Aprilia Coloniale
-Bianchi VM 6C
-Fiat 2800 CMC

italy ww2 Motorcycles
-Benelli 500 M36/VLM
-Bianchi Supermil 500
-Gilera 500 LTE
-Moto Guzzi Alce/Trialce
-Volugrafo Aermoto 125
Japan ww2 IJA/IJN ww2 vehicles
-Toyota 4x4 Su-Ki (Amphibious truck)
-Isuzu Type 94 truck
-Type 94 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 95 Mini-truck
-Type 97 4-Wheeled Truck
-Type 1 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 2 Heavy Truck
-Toyota KB/KC Truck
-Nissan 80 Truck
-Nissan 180 Truck
Japan ww2 Tractors
-Type 92 5 t Prime Mover "I-Ke"
-Type 98 6 t Prime Mover "Ro-Ke"
-Type 92 8 t Prime Mover "Ni-Ku"
-Type 95 13 t Prime Mover "Ho-Fu"
-Type 94 4 t Prime Mover "Yo-Ke"
-Type 98 4 t Prime Mover "Shi-Ke"
-Type 96 AA Gun Prime Mover
-Type 98 20 mm AA Machine Cannon Carrier
-Type 98 Half-tracked Prime Mover "Ko-Hi"
-Type 98 20 mm AA Half-Track Vehicle
-Experimental Heavy Gun Tractor Chi-Ke
-Experimental Crawler Truck
-T G Experimental Crawler Truck
-Fordson Prime Mover
-Pavessi Gun Tractor
-50 hp Gun Tractor
-Komatsu 3 ton Tractor
-Light Prime Mover
-Clarton Prime Mover
-Holt 30

Japan ww2 Staff cars
-Toyota AA/AB/AC
-Type 93 6/4-Wheeled Passenger Car
-Type 95 Passenger Car "Kurogane"
-Type 98 Passenger Car
-Model 97 Nissan Staff Car, Nissan 70

Japan ww2 Motorcycles
-Rikuo Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 97 Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 93 side car

Japan ww2 Misc.
-Type 94 Ambulance
-Type 94 Repair Vehicle

Cold War & Modern Vehicles

Section pending completion.
BAV-485 * MAZ-543 * GAZ 46 * GAZ 67B * GAZ/UAZ-69 * GAZ 51 * GAZ 63* ZIL-131 * GAZ 66 * KrAZ-214 * KrAZ-255 * KrAZ-260 * KZKT-7428 * MAZ-535 * MAZ-537 * MAZ-7310 * Ural 375 * URAL 4320 * ZIL-135 * ZIL-151 * ZIL-157 * ZIL-157/PR-11M * ZIL-6 * ZIL-6


* * * * Praga V3S * Tatra 813
Ford G398 * Borgward BE3000 * Henschel HS 115 * Hanomag AL 28 * Mercedes Standard 4.5L * Mercedes LG 315/46 * Magirus-Deutz 170 * Magirus-Deutz 232 * Magirus-Deutz Jupiter 6x6 * Magirus-Deutz A 6500 * MAN KAT-1 * SLT 50 Elefant TT * Liebherr 8x8 GLW * MAN TGM Mil 18 4x4 * Liebherr 4x4 FKL * MAN 630 L2 * Mercedes LA * Unimog 404 2.5 standard * DKW Munga (1956) * Mercedes G-class * Volkswagen Type 181 (1968) * Volkswagen Iltis (1978) * MAN LX Tactical Trucks * M3 Amphibious Rig
Willys Jeep CJ series * Jeep M606 * Jeep M38A1 * Jeep M170 * M151 Mutt * M422 Mighty Mite * CJ V-35(/U) * M274 4x4 "Mule" * M37 Series 4x4 "Power Wagon" * M35 Series 6x6 * M54 Series 6x6 * M123/M125 6x6 * M715 series 4x4 * M561 6x6 "Gamma Goat" * M656 Series 8x8 * M880 series 4x4 * M809 series 6x6 * M520 4x4 "Goer" * M915 series 6x4 * M911 C-MET 8x6 * CUCV M1008 4x4 * HMMWV 4x4 * M939 Series 6x6 * HEMTT M977 8x8

Land-Rover * Bedford RL * Bedford TK/MK * Bedford TM * AEC Militant * Austin K9 * AEC Mandator TEL

IFA G5

Nissan 2.5 Truck
Jiefang CA10 * Jiefang CA30
* * Hitachi Type 73 artillery tractor (1974) * Toyota Type 73 * Isuzu HST * Nissan Patrol * Mitsubishi Type 73 * Toyota Land Cruiser *
Beijing BJ212 * Dongfeng EQ240/EQ2081 * Dongfeng EQ245/EQ2100 * Dongfeng EQ2050 * FAW MV3 * Hanyang HY4260 * Hanyang HY4330 * HTF5680A1 * SFQ2040 LieYing * Xiaolong XL2060 * Jiefang CA-30 * NJ2045/2046 * Shaanxi SX2190 * Shaanxi SX2150 * TA580/TAS5380 * TA5450/TAS5450 * TAS5500 * TAS5570 * TAS5690 * Type 82 truck * WS2300 * WS2400 * WS2500 * Wanshan W-2600 * WS21200 * WS51200
Renault TRM 10000 GP | Renault RM 700-100 TT | Renault TRM 2000 lorry | Renault GBC 180 | Renault Kerax* | Iveco PPT3 | PML VPCM | Scania CCP10 | Scania TRA TOE NG | Renault ESRC | Renault ESRC AVIT | Renault CCPTA | Mercedes CCP3/5 | Renault Carapace | Renault CDLR | Renault PPDL | Renault CDLR CBH 385 | VLTT | Grizzly LUV | VOS-APP LUV | VOS-PAT LUV | Acmat VLRA | Panhard VPS LUV | Aquus AREG VLFS | Renault T4 VLTP NG | Arquus Trapper VT4 | French Mil. Quads | Renault Kangoo | French Bulldozers | Souvim Minesweeper | EFA Bridgelayer | Renault PFM BDL | SPRAT AVLB

Modern Trucks

Section pending completion.

India:

Tatra Prithvi | Ashok-Leyland Agni II TEL

Italy:

Iveco ACTL

Romania:

AMT 25, AMT 950, DAC, Roman, Dacia Duster.

Indonesia:

Rantis P6 ATAV

Russia:

UAZ Esaul * Kamaz 6560 * Pantsir S1

France:

Renault TRM 10000 GP | Renault RM 700-100 TT | Renault TRM 2000 lorry | Renault GBC 180 | Renault Kerax | Iveco PPT3 | PML VPCM | Scania CCP10 | Scanian TRA TOE NG | Renault ESRC | Renault ESRC AVIT | Renault CCPTA | Mercedes CCP3/5 | Renault Carapace | Renault CDLR | Renault PPDL | Renault CDLR CBH 385 | VLTT | Grizzly LUV | VOS-APP LUV | VOS-PAT LUV | Acmat VLRA | Panhard VPS LUV | Aquus AREG VLFS | Renault T4 VLTP NG | | French Mil. Quads | Renault Kangoo | French Bulldozers | Souvim Minesweeper | EFA Bridgelayer | Renault PFM BDL | SPRAT AVLB

Germany:

Mercedes 250GD Wolf | Mercedes Wolf SSA | Mercedes G300 Greenliner | VW T3/T4/T6 van | BWM G650 GS | BMW F850 GS | BMW R1150 RT | BMW R1200 RT | KTM 400LS-E BdW | LIV(SO) Serval | German quads | Faun LST50-3 Elefant | Faun STL56 Franziska | Faun SLT Mammut | RMT HX81 | SAANH 70T | Mercedes Unimog U3/4/5000 | Mercedes Zetros | MAN KAT1 | RMT Multi 2 | RMT WLS 6x6 | RMT UTF WLKS 8x8 | | MAN TGS 8x4 | MAN TGS 6x4 | MAN RMMV TGA | Mercedes Atego | Mercedes Axor | EWK M3 Amph.Rig | Liebherr FKL | Liebherr FKM | T.Faun FKS ATF 30-2 | T.Faun FKS ATF 70-4 | T.Faun FKS ATF 100-5 | T.Faun FKS ATF 110-5 | T.Faun FKS ATF 120-5 Obelix | Steinbrock 2.5 Y4 | Herbst-Smag Orion V | Konecrane SMV 2216 TC3 | Ahlmann AS1600 | Liebherr 574 | MAN Cobra Radar | Liebherr LTM 1050

Netherlands:

Defenture Mammoth | to come | placeholder | MLC-70 WGMST

Turkey:

United Kingdom:

RWMIK land rover | Toyota Jankel Al-Thalab | Sky Sabre | Alvis Unipower | land Rover Wolf | Land Rover Defender BFA | Alvis Supacat ATMP | Marshall Gasket 3 | MAN SV (Mark I-III)

USA:

Interim Fast Attack Vehicle | M1161 Growler | Boeing Phantom Badger | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |