East German trucks IFA G5 (1952-1964)

The IFA G5 was a three-axis, 5 t lorry, long-bonnet conventional truck, developed and produced by the company IFA in East Germany, in 1952-1964. It was developed as a prototype in 1952, passed its trials and was produced by the Manufacture VEB Kraftfahrzeugwerk "Ernst Grube" in Werdau, GDR, under the label IFA. It was compared with the 6x6 Soviet ZIS 151.

About IFA

IFA was a compay born in 1945 due to the resolution Schumann, established in Werdau out. Truck development started during WW2 already under supervision of Vogtland Maschinenfabrik AG (Vomag), well known already for its numerous vehicles. As Soviet occupation forces in 1945 dissolved Vomag, they however allowed to keep the personal facilities and machinery, and to work further on this project via Auto Union or Horch at first.


IFA W50 in Rostock, a success story of the company

Eventually IFA (Industrieverband Fahrzeugbau) was created under Soviet supervision to rationalize manufacture of all sorts of vehicles in Germany in 1948: It was a nationalization of many smaller manufacturers and two main, DKW designed, manufactured in the former Horch factory in Zwickau. IFA delivered bicycles, motorcycles, light commercial vehicles, automobiles, vans and heavy trucks. Under this roof, all vehicle production of vehicles in East Germany was taken care of. Notably, heavy and military vehicles.

A serie of military trucks was initiated, aside a serie of civilian or mixed-purpose trucks: The Framo, Barkas B1000 flatbed truck, Multicar M 25, Robur LD 3000 were its early ww2-based models but under its own name, IFA soon produced the IFA H3 and H3a, the G5 and later the S4000, H6, W 50 and L 60. For exemple about 570,000 W50 were manufactured. The small H3 for example was produced in 1947–1949 in the Soviet occupation zone, Zwickau, partly based on the wartime Sd.Kfz. 11.

Design

The G5 has three axles, all-wheel driven, so a 6×6 in which the front axle can be switched off, turning the vehicle into a 6×4. It was propelled by a 6-cylinder diesel engine with 120 hp, coupled with a 5-speed-change gearbox transmission. It was a a dog-type gearbox. Its top speed (road) was 80 km/h and off-road, down to kph. Its utility weight or Payload, was 5 tons.


wasserwerfer-Tlf of the army (NVA)

The aft utility chassis could carry a variety of systems, for example a dump truck bin, a crane, a workshop van, a Flatbed with simple tarpaulin, a tanker or a water cannon, and fire truck. Bodies were fitted out in by other subcontractors or manufacturers. The cab went in different flavors: The was the standard closed cab, the long cab with a second seat row for the extra firemen for example, the open cab, with soft top and folding windshield. Both the G5 and H6 from Werdau, shared may components. In order to increase commonality a "universal" truck in between, maximizing the use of these components was tested for off-road use, with a more powerful engine. It was called the G5/3, but was never accepted for production.

Successor

The would-be successor of the G5, called G5 G5/3 was provided with an air-cooled V8 diesel rated for 150 hp, 12.5 liters of capacity. The truck still kept the three-axle arrangement, but instead of twin tires, single ones were used, fitted with a centralized pressure control system for the better performances off-road. In 1958 to 1961, four initial prototypes, and two production prototypes were built.

In May 1962, development of the G5/3 was canceled in favor of the successor to the W50 and the bad economic situation in the GDR. Engine development and tires proved the most dificult part in particular. The new model also asked for considerable retooling and modifications at the manufacturing plant in Werdau for its production. These investments never came as export opportunities were low to financed them.

Operators

Main customers of the G5 was of course the NVA (East German Army), the Alert police and the People's Police (Volkspolizei or "vopo"). Such vehicles were used as water cannon carriers, modified as the TLF-5 and later the more specialized wasserwerfer-SK2 used on 13 August 1961 during the construction of the Berlin Wall. It was a different story for the army due to relatively low production volumes. They were used by some specialized units, but were not present in sufficient quantities to equip infantry and motorized units. In the 1970s, decommissioned G5s were eresold in the civilian sector, for Agricultural Production Cooperatives, as fuel transporter for Minol, fire brigades (as TLF 15) modified with a new cabin.

The Aviation did used however the 1959 G5 airfield sweeping machine, which had a working width of 8 meters. If the ratio of five tons payload and off-road qualities were appreciated by the armt, it was unsufficient to cover the needs of the industry. The costs/benefits ratio in the context of aggravating economic conditions made the G5 the last choice if not other truck was available and its use was over the in 1980s.

Read More/Src

Christian Suhr: G5 – Der Dreiachser aus Werdau/G5 - Reichenbach/V. Halle 2007
Nutzfahrzeuge aus Werdau/Trucks from Werdau, Klaus Rabe, Willich 2003.
Günther Wappler: Geschichte des Zwickauer und Werdauer Nutzfahrzeugbaues Verlag Bergstraße 2002.
Hartmut Frank Hunter: IFA-Hauber aus Zwickau und Werdau (Feuerwehrarchiv) Verlag Technik Berlin 1999.
nva-fahrzeuge.de
polizeiautos.de
ikarus311.de
Same, ikarus311.de
rare kit.
See also https://www.scalemates.com/fr/search.php?fkSECTION%5B%5D=All&q=IFA+G5*


IFA truckbus at Old timer treffen Werdau, 2013

Illustrations


Standard IFA G5


Wasserwerfer SK-2 used by the Police during the Berlin crisis in 1961

Photos


SK5 at the Brandenburg Tur, Berlin crisis, 1961


VEB Spezialfahrzeugwerk, Berlin airfield.


G5 firetruck (Tankloschfahrzeug) Tlf-15


G5 dump-truck


G5 in civilian service as minol carrier


Volkspolizei truckbus ("G5 Koffer")

WW1 Vehicles

British ww2 WWI trucks
FR: Berliet CBA, Berliet Type M, Châtillon-Panhard, Latil TAR, Panhard-Genty 24 HP, Renault EG

allied ww2 Allied ww2 Vehicles

British ww2 British Vehicles
-AEC Armoured Command Vehicle (415)
-AEC Matador
-Albion CX22S
-Albion FT15N
-Albion WD.CX24
-Austin K2/Y Ambulance
-Austin K3
-Austin K4
-Austin K4 Dropside
-Austin K5
-Austin K6 GS
-Austin K6 Gantry
-Bedford MW
-Bedford OXA Armoured
-Bedford OXC Semi-trailer
-Bedford OXD GS
-Bedford OYC Tanker
-Bedford OYD GS
-Bedford QL series (QLD, QLR/QLC QLT TC)
-CMP FAT
-CMP Truck
-Commer Q2
-Crossley Q-Type
-Diamond T tank transporter
-Guy Quad-Ant FAT
-Guy Lizard ACV
-Humber FWD
-Karrier KT4
-Karrier K6
-Leyland Hippo Mk I/II
-Leyland Lynx
-Leyland Retriever
-Mack EXBX
-Morris 15cwt
-Morris CDSW
-Morris ML Ambulance
-Morris C8 GS/FAT
-Morris Commercial CD series
-Morris Commercial CS8
-Morris C9
-Morris GS Terrapin
-Morris PU
-Scammell Pioneer SV1S/SV2S
-Thornycroft Hathi (1924)
-Thornycroft Nubian
-Thornycroft Tartar
French ww2 French Vehicles
-Berliet DGRA
-Berliet GDC
-Berliet GDM
-Berliet VDCA
-Berliet 30
-Bernard fuel carrier
-Citroën Kégresse P14 .
-Citroën Kégresse P17
-Citroën Kégresse P19
-Citroën Type 23
-Citroën 32U
-Citroën T45
-ELMAG
-Fiat France 38R
-Ford France
-Hotchkiss PKW Type 680
-Hotchkiss 686
-Hotchkiss 686 PNA
-Isobloc W843M medical bus
-Laffly S15R
-Laffly S15T
-Laffly V15T
-Laffly V15R
-Laffly W15T/R
-Laffly 20TL
-Latil TAR H2
-Latil M2Tl6
-Matford F917
-Panhard K113
-Panhard K113
-Peugeot 202
-Peugeot 402
-Peugeot DMA
-Peugeot DK
-Peugeot DK5
-Renault AHS
-Renault AHN
-Renault AHR
-Renault AGC
-Renault ADK
-Renault ADH
-Renault AHSs
-Saurer type 3CT
-Simca 5 staff car
-Simca 8 staff car
-Somua MCL
-Somua MCG
-Talbot staff car
-Unic TU1
-Unic P107
-Trippel SG6
-Willeme DU10
Soviet ww2 Soviet Trucks
-BZ-38
-GAZ AA M1927 M1932 M1941
-GAZ–MM
-GAZ AAA M1937
-GAZ AAA M1940
-GAZ-60
-GAZ-65
-Ford Marmon HH6 Katiusha
-SU-1-12
-SU-4
-SU C-6
-SU-12
-Yag-6
-Yag-10
-Yag-10 SPG
-ZIS-5/V/BZ
-ZIS-6
-ZIS-12
-ZIS-22M HT
-ZIS-33 HT
-ZIS 41 HT
-ZIS 42M HT
-FN-Kégresse T3

Soviet staff cars
-GAZ A
-GAZ M1 "Emka"
-GAZ 11-73
-GAZ 61-73
-GAZ 67 Amphibious armoured cars
-PB-4
-PB-7
-BAD-2
US ww2 US Trucks
-Ford B3000 S
-Ford V3000S
-Ford V3000A,
-Ford BB
-Ford V8-51
-Ford m1931
-Ford V8 M1937
-T1E1(M1) half-track
-T5 half-track
-T7 half-track
-T9 half-track
-G8T 2-1/2 ton 4x2 Truck
-International B2
-International model 1937
-Chevrolet m1931
-Chevrolet m1936
-Chevrolet G-506 ​1 1⁄2-ton 4x4
-Chevrolet G-7107 4-1/2 ton 4x4
-Chevrolet 3116 1-1/2 ton 4x2
-Studebaker US6x4 U7
-Studebaker US6x4 U-6
-Studebaker US6x6 U-5 6x4
-Studebaker US6 U4 bz35S 2-1/2 ton 6x6 truck
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Ambulance
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Carry-all
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton (Radio) Command Reconnaissance
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Truck, Closed Cab
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Truck, Open Cab
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton (Radio) Panel Van
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Telephone Service (K50)
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Truck, Emergency Repair
-Dodge WC-51/52 (3⁄4-ton Trucks, Weapons Carrier)
-Dodge WC-53 (3⁄4-ton Carryall)
-Dodge WC-54/64 (3⁄4-ton Ambulance)
-Dodge WC-55 (3⁄4-ton Truck, M6 Gun Motor Carriage)
-Dodge WC-56/57/58 (3⁄4-ton (Radio) Command Reconnaissance)
-Dodge WC-62/43 (G-507, 11⁄2-ton, 6x6 truck)
-Dodge M6 GMC
-GMC CCKW Cargo Truck
-GMC CCKW 353 2-1/2 Ton Truck
-GMC SWB CCKW-352
-GMC 1939 ACKWX 353 3 ton 6x6 truck
-GMC AFWX-353 3 ton 6x4 truck
-GMC DUKW 353 2-1/2 ton 6x6 truck
-GMC C.O.E. AFKWX
-Diamond T Model 980/981 12-ton 6x4 trucks (G159)
-Diamond T Model 968 4-ton 6x6 truck (G509)
-Diamond T Model 967
-Diamond T Model 970
-Diamond T Model 972
-Diamond M26 Dragon Wagon
-Diamond M19 Tank Transporter
-Diamond T Model 980
-Diamond T 4-ton 6x6 truck
-Autocar U8144T 5/6-ton 4x4 truck
-Brockway/LaFrance 6-ton 6x6 truck, G512, 514, 547, 569
-White/Corbitt 6 ton 6x6 Prime Mover
-Brockway
-Corbitt
-Ward LaFrance
-Four Wheel Drive Auto Company (FWD) SU-COE 5-6 ton 4x4
-White Motor Company
-Inl KR-11 5 ton 4x2 dump truck
-Inl M5-6 318 2-1/2 ton 6x6 swb
-Mack NR15 10-ton 6x4
-Reo 28 XS 10-ton 6x4

US ww2 Small truck/car & Misc.
Bantam Reconnaissance Car
Ford GTB
6x6 Willys 'MT-TUG' ("Super-Jeep")
-Willys MB light truck
-Ford GPA ("Seep")
Buick Century Series 60
1941 Plymouth P11 Staff Car
Ford Fordor 1942 Staff Car
Harley-Davidson WLA motorcycle

Axis ww2 Axis Trucks


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Sd.Kfz 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 were half-tracks designed just before the war as prime movers, to carry supplies, ammunition, personal, and tow artillery. Many were also converted during the war as armored versions carrying AA FLAK guns (Flakvierling, 37 mm, or the legendary 88 mm Rheinmetall als used as tank hunters), or were converted as nebelwerfer (rocket launching armored vehicles). They were built by Hanomag, Steyr, Mercedes-Benz, Bussing and many other manufacturers until 1945, over 20,000 half-tracks.

German ww2 German Military trucks
-Opel Blitz
-Opel Maultier
-Mercedes-Benz L3000
-Magirus A3000
-Krupp Protze Kfz.19
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.68
-Krupp Protze Kfz.69
-Krupp Protze Kfz.70
-Krupp Protze Kfz.81
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.83
-Borgward B 3000
-Skoda Rad Schlepper
-Ost RSO Porsche 175
-Steyr Type 2000A
-Einheits Lkw Kfz.62
-Krupp LKW L3
-Bussing-Nag 4500
-Opel Blitz Omnibus
-Bussing-Nag L
-Mercedes-Benz L1500
-Beute Studebaker
-Krupp L3H
-Hanomag SS-100
-Beute Ford B3000 S, V3000S, V3000A
-Beute Ford model BB
-Beute Ford model V8-51
-Beute Tatra 111

German ww2 German Staff Cars

-Horch 81
-Horch 108
-VW 182 Kübelwagen
-VW Schwimmwagen
-Sd.Kfz.2 Kettenkrad
italy ww2 Italian Military trucks
L. Trucks (Autocarro Leggere)
-Breda-32
-Breda-40
-Breda-41
-ОМ-32 Autocarretta da Montagna
-ОМ-36DM
-Camioneta SPA TL.37
-Camioneta AS.43
-SPA CL39
-SPA ТМ40
-Fiat 618

Med. Trucks (Autocarro Medio)
-Alfa Romeo 430RE
-Alfa Romeo 800RE
-Breda Dovunque-41
-Bianchi Miles
-Ceirano-50СМ
-FIAT-626 NM
-Isotta Fraschini D65
-Isotta Fraschini D80
-SPA Dovunque-35
-SPA Dovunque-41
-SPA AS.37
-SPA-38R
-Autocarro Dovunque SPA 41/42

H. Trucks (Autocarro Gigante)
-FIAT-633NM
-FIAT-634N
-FIAT-666
-Fiat 661
-Lancia Ro
-Lancia 3Ro
-Lancia EsaRo
-ОМ Taurus
-ОМ Titano
-Autocarreta Mod.35
-Autocarri Unificati Ursus

italy ww2 Artillery tractors
-Breda 51
-Breda 52
-Breda 61 (licenced SdKfz-7)
-Fiat-SPA T.L.37
-Pavesi Р4.31 (L140)
-Fiat 727 - half-track artillery tractor
-SPA TM40 - wheeled artillery tractor

italy ww2 Staff Cars -Alfa Romeo 6С2500 Coloniale
-Fiat 508M/CM Ballila
-Fiat 1100 (1937) (Balilla-1100 Coloniale)
-Lancia Aprilia Coloniale
-Bianchi VM 6C
-Fiat 2800 CMC

italy ww2 Motorcycles
-Benelli 500 M36/VLM
-Bianchi Supermil 500
-Gilera 500 LTE
-Moto Guzzi Alce/Trialce
-Volugrafo Aermoto 125
Japan ww2 IJA/IJN ww2 vehicles
-Toyota 4x4 Su-Ki (Amphibious truck)
-Isuzu Type 94 truck
-Type 94 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 95 Mini-truck
-Type 97 4-Wheeled Truck
-Type 1 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 2 Heavy Truck
-Toyota KB/KC Truck
-Nissan 80 Truck
-Nissan 180 Truck
-Amphibious Truck "Su-Ki"

Japan ww2 Tractors
-Type 92 5 t Prime Mover "I-Ke"
-Type 98 6 t Prime Mover "Ro-Ke"
-Type 92 8 t Prime Mover "Ni-Ku"
-Type 95 13 t Prime Mover "Ho-Fu"
-Type 94 4 t Prime Mover "Yo-Ke"
-Type 98 4 t Prime Mover "Shi-Ke"
-Type 96 AA Gun Prime Mover
-Type 98 20 mm AA Machine Cannon Carrier
-Type 98 Half-tracked Prime Mover "Ko-Hi"
-Type 98 20 mm AA Half-Track Vehicle
-Experimental Heavy Gun Tractor Chi-Ke
-Experimental Crawler Truck
-T G Experimental Crawler Truck
-Fordson Prime Mover
-Pavessi Gun Tractor
-50 hp Gun Tractor
-Komatsu 3 ton Tractor
-Light Prime Mover
-Clarton Prime Mover
-Holt 30

Japan ww2 Staff cars
-Toyota AA/AB/AC
-Type 93 6/4-Wheeled Passenger Car
-Type 95 Passenger Car "Kurogane"
-Type 98 Passenger Car
-Model 97 Nissan Staff Car, Nissan 70

Japan ww2 Motorcycles
-Rikuo Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 97 Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 93 side car

Japan ww2 Misc.
-Type 94 Ambulance
-Type 94 Repair Vehicle

Cold War