BM-27 Uragan 9P140 (1975)

Soviet Union
Truck (1975) - c1,500 built
The BM-27 Uragan ("Hurricane", GRAU index 9P140) is a self-propelled 220 mm multiple rocket launcher (SPRL) designed in the Soviet Union, specifically to deliver cluster munitions from large 220 mm rockets. It entered service from 1975. For the first time, a rocket launcher vehicle, long derivative of the famous WW2 Katiusha, is able to deliver a spin and fin stabilized rocket. The vehicle was designed and manufactured by Splav State Research and Production Enterprise on the base of the dependable ZIL-135 8x8 prime mover already made famous by carrying the SCUD across the world. Like many other versions of the ZIL-135, the BM-27 Uragan was exported to some 19 countries, was licence-built and derived and found a lot of action in a dozen of wars and conflicts, and this story is not over. The improved Uragan-1M commissioned in 2008 is its designed successor.


US DoD artist impression of the Uragan

The ZIL-135 made famous as the primary 8x8 tractor for the SCUD missile around the world for its numerous operators, was declined into a large variety of specialized vehicles, including at least two main SPRL (rocker launcher vehicles): The 220mm BM-27 Uragan and the 300mm BM-30 Smerch, closely related but with much more powerful, long range and sophisticated rockets compared to the good old WW2 "Katiusha". The post here is about the BM-27 Uragan. It was specifically at first designed to replace the BM-21 122mm rocket launcher at brigade level of artillery division and regiments at army level.

Tech drawing

The complex, in service from 1975, publicly revealed in 1977, was in development since at least 1971. Chief designer was Alexander Nikitovich Ganichev and for the truck itself, Yu. N. Kalachnikov. The combat and transport-loading vehicle designed together were based on the same, but modernized chassis of the ZIL-135LM truck. It was designed to be able to fire sixteen of the brand new 220 mm rockets at 360° in one salvo of 20 seconds and to be reloaded in a minute or so. Initial specs noted a fully loaded combat vehicle no more than 20 tons for tactical airlift, whereas the rockets weights 280 kg alone, and to be served by a crew of no more than four. It was designed to replace older systems in rocket artillery regiments, districts based, as well as artillery divisions and in combined arms units for export.

Vehicle of the 4th Tank Devisision
Interior dashboard cab

It was designed to engage any type of group targets, vehicles as well as military and industrial facilities. It needed to be NBC proof, and operable from inside at any time, night aor day in all climatic conditions with temperatures ranging from -40° to +50°. The base truck but its launcher were to be not tall enough to be transported by railway, go under tunnels, and fit inside military transport aircraft.

Design of the BM-27

The 9k57 truck

The main carrier is a 8x8 truck chassis ZIL-135LM. This truck is a modernized version of the 1959 ZIL-135 and is motorized by two diesels of 177 hp each, 350 hp total at 3,200 rpm driving all four wheels either side of the vehicle. Meaning if one of the engine fails, the truck cannot properly steer. The BM-27 system thanks to this powerplant could reach 65 km/h with a maximum cruising range of 570 km. It could negotiate gradients up to 57% and ford 1.2m without preparation. It can also climb up to 0.6m or gap a two meters trench.


BM-27 fully deployed and ready to fire, note the two hydraulic feet.

The launcher system of the BM-27 is mounted at the rear of a ZIL-135LM chassis wit the tubes arranged In three banks, the two lower with six tubes, the upper bank with four. The launcher is mounted in a way to present its front to the rear, for a powered elevation to +55º and a traverse of 30º left and right. There is a manual backlup in case, but to avoid overhang, and at the same time place the launcher as far as possible from the truck, the mount's arms extends in such a way, after a 90° turn, that the launcher is protruding from two meters at the rear of the chassis, largely clearing the cabin. The normal crew comprised four, a driver and three operators. The cab is identical to the ZIL-135 trus, fully enclosed but unarmoured. The two diesel engines powering the vehicle are immediately at its rear. The crew compartment was modified to house the preparation dashboard and displays as well as for the main operator to select single rockets or a salvo mode.


BM-27 in parade

The BM-27 comes with a dedicated sight, mounted on the left side of the launcher. It can be accessed via a folding ladder when the truck is stopped and prepared. While underway, the ladder is located on the other side and turned upwards 90°. In addition two sets of two manually lowered, hydraulic damped jacks, telescopic, acting as feet are lowered to the ground, fixing the chassis in place. The 9P140 cabin also posseses a blast shield raised during firing. The launcher electrical traverse had a backup. There is a protection for the tubes when travelling, with a light sheet metal cover over the muzzles to stop any froeign intrusion plus caps. When travelling also, the mount is locked in place. But there is no cover for the muzzle end of an unloaded launcher.

Support Trucks

9T452 transloader vehicle

A BM 9P140 unit is always assisted by one or two 9T452 transloader vehicle. The latter uses the very same ZIL-135LM chassis but with a flatbed designed to accomodate up to sixteen reloads arranged in two stacks on both sides, and at the extreme rear stands an hydraulic crane man-operated to perform the actual lifting, moving of the rocket, and it is capable of lifting 300 kg. The whole operation is usually performed in 15 minutes, by ideal conditions.

Kapustnik-B Fire Control Vehicle

1V152 (Kapustnik-B Fire Control Vehicle)

1V152 command vehicle (src odin)

Any battalion is assisted by a an automated fire-control system carried inside the commander's vehicle 1V152. This is a variant, armoured, of the BTR-80 8×8 APC. There is also the Chief of Staff vehicle comprising housing, based on a Ural-4320 truck chassis. Also in the batallion are three Battery Commander's vehicles based on BTR-80 APC chassis plus three Battery Senior Officer's vehicles using the Ural-4320 truck. The Kapustnik-B is a complete suite geared for reconnaissance, initial orientation, location fixing as well as determining weather parameters and gathering firing data as well as inter-battalion and division communication as well as data link with other units and inside the bataillion. All the data is managed by a single data processing computer with displays for 2-3 operators.

1V152 and Ural truck, part of the Uragan complex

Base work of Rockets


The BM-27 is setup and ready to fire in less than 3 min. It fires a volley in 90 seconds then moved away. When firing on short distances, a brake ring placed at the head of the rockets. The latter are Solid propellant rocket 9D159 (9D160 on the 9M51). They are given 9X164 or 9X963 wearheads, loaded with RNDSI-5KM gunpowder, or 9X258 igniter and the EVP-27M electric igniter (for the 9X317M) or the PP-9RS squib (on the 9X264). The fuel burning rate and thrust impulse depend on temperature, meteorology, in permissible ranges comprises between -50 °C to +50 °C.

The 9N128F warhead is equipped with a mechanical rocket fuse MRV-U (9E244) and the 9M27S with a remote fuse 9E261, whereas 9M27K3 is the expelling charge for 9X186 cassettes of cluster warheads. The tip is a 120-second tube TM-120 (9E245) with adjustable timeer from 4 to 120sec. and special expelling charge cocking fuses. It also reset the fairing and dispersed the warheads at the set time. Springs and centrifugal force due to the rotation also helps the scattering at up to 1150 rpm. The the initial rocket rotation is helped by the rifled tubes, with deep screw groove-guides, and after takeoff it is maintained by a deployable tail unit at a certain angle.

The Tail is auto-adjusted by taking in account side wind, and the tail acts like a weather vane to keep the course, fully stabilized even against the wind. The rockets are transported and stored in containers 9YA248/9YA248M. The standard 9M27F warhead contains 51.9 kg of explosives making on impact a 3 m deep, 8 m diameter crater on a soil of medium-density. The scattering commences at one to one kilometer and a half from 300 g of explosives of the hekfol type projecting striking elements. These are 9N235 hard rollers which can defeat a 6mm (0.3 inch) steel sheet on a 10 m radius or 2 mm thick at 100 m. It can kill anyone within a circle of 1150 m². The 9N128K2 and 9N128KZ rockets carries mines with a self-destruction mechanism, staying inert to up to 40 hours, whereas RS 9M59 mines are set for 16-24 hours. Firing the 9N128KZ creates an anti-personnel minefield of low density over 150 hectares.

9BM27 Rockets

High explosive: 9M27F, warhead 9N128F, 280 kgs, 4832 mm long, 100 kg warhead, 51.9 kgs HE, 35 km range
Thermobaric: 9M51, warhead 9N515, 256 kgs, 5147 mm long, 143.5 kgs warhead, 30.2 kgs contact exploder, 13 km range
Cassette: 9M27K 9N128K WH, 270 kgs 5178 mm 90 kh HE fuse, 35 km
9M27K1: 9N516 WR, 270 kgs 5178mm 90 kgs HE fuse 35 km
9M27K2: 9N128K2 WH, 270 kgs, 5178mm, 89.5 kgs HE, 24 fuses charges, 35 km
9M27K3: 9N128K3 WH, 270 kgs, 5200mm, 90 khs HE 312×0.04 fuse charges 34 km
9М59: 9Н524 WH, 270 kgs, 5178mm, 90 kgs, 9× 1.85 fuse charges, 35 km
Incendiary: 9М27С (9Н128С warhead)
Chemical: 9M27 (9N519 warhead, 20x charges, fuse)
Propaganda: 9M27D, warhead 9N128D.


Uragan 1M

Uragan 1M

The Uragan-1M presented to the public in 2007 is fully automated automated and is able to fire the 300 mm rockets of the BM-30 Smerch system as well, with a simplified reloading by just barrels, with two banks of six 300 mm launch tubes or fifteen 220 mm launch tubes fusing the Smerch/Uragan into a unified vehicle. Deliveries started by September 2016.

9A53 Uragan U


The system was also declined into the 9A53 Uragan-U presented by 2009 with two banks of fifteen launch tubes but on the more modern MZKT-7930 chassis. The modular assembly also using change of tubes allows to operate the BM-30 Smerch and BM-21 Grad rockets as well.

Bastion 03

KrAZ-63221RA 6x6 variant

There was also a 6x6 KrAZ-63221RA based variant, more compact, called the Bastion-03 made by AvtoKrAZ and presented in 2010. No production as yet.


Prototype also called 'Shtorm' developed at the Ukrainian Shepetivka Repair Plant and featuring a brand new digital fire control system capable for target sharing between systems, with the old ZIL-135 replaced by a more moder, Western-sourced Tatra 8x8 T815-7T3RC1 chassis.

The larger B-30 Smerch


Belarusian upgraded 9P140B

Belarusian 9T452

  • Afghanistan: 18x 9P140 delivered, c15 as of 2010
  • Angola: Unknown number Uragan-M, modernized Belarus 2023
  • Belarus: 36x 9P140 as of 2023
  • Eritrea: Nine 9P140 as of 2023, delivered 2007 from Belarus
  • Guinea: Three 9P140 Uragan as of 2023 on 4 delivered
  • Iraq: 24 Uragan delivered, no longer active
  • Kazakhstan: 180 9P140 in storage by 2019
  • Kyrgyzstan: Six 9P140 as of 2023
  • Moldova: Eleven 9P140 as of 2023
  • Russian Ground forces: 200 9P140 Uragan, 6 2K512 Uragan-M in service, 550 in storage
  • Russian Coastal forces, Navy: 18 9P140 as of 2024
  • Syria: About 6-8 9P140 Uragan as of 2023
  • Turkmenistan: 60 9P140 as of 2023, allegedly 54 delivered
  • Ukraine: 40x 9P140 as of 2023 over 139 delivered
  • Uzbekista: 48x 9P140 as of 2023
  • Yemen: 12 Uragan delivered from Moldova in 1994

Turkmenistan Vehicle (9K57 Indep. Day Parade)

9k57 winter Exercize

Both vehicle's rear

Dimensions:9.63 x 2.8 x 3.23 m
Total weight, battle ready:15t empty, 22-24.3 tons FL, 48,590 ib
Propulsion:2x V8 Zil-135 Gasoline engines, c350 hp/3200 rpm
Speed:65 kph, 40 mph
Range (road/off road):768 tank, 570 km road, 311 miles
Armament:16x 220 mm rockets, see notes
Production:c1400, or 900 based on exports.

Tactical Deployment

Vehicle of the 135th Arty Brigade

In the Russian Armed Forces, the Uragan are assigned to artillery regiments and brigades. Each of these regiments and brigades has a single rocket artillery battalion with eight batteries, each comprising six BM-27 (9P140) and 1 or 2 TZM 9T452 supply vehocle, a BTR-80, a modified Ural-4320 truck. Each division at HQ level also comprises three batteries, with one BTR-80, one Ural-4320 truck and a ZIL-130 repair shop truck, plus a "Zoo" radar truck for counter-battery and a Kapustnik system command vehicle. The whole unit was tailored to engage and suppress various objectives sich as open and covered infantry, unarmored, lightly armored and armored vehicles in motorized infantry and tank companies as well as enemy artillery units, tactical missiles, AA systems, ground concentrations of parked helicopters, command posts, communication centers, infrastructure and facilities.

So far, the 9K57 MLRS started to see its first combat use in Afghanistan. it was later deployed during the first and second wars in Chechnya, War in Georgia in 2008 and eventually the 2014 War in eastern Ukraine, by both sides, with Ukrainian forces using the 9M51 thermobaric rockets on pro-Russian separatists in Donetsk, Lugansk and Makeevka. The vehicle was also deployed by non-Russian forces, such as the Syrian Arab Army during the Civil War, notably the siege of Palmyra and also directly by Russian armed forces.

Ex-Russian destroyed 9P140

From 2022 onwards, the BM-27 had been extensively used by both sides after the 2022 Russian Invasion of Ukraine. It was made infamous at Chasov Yar, killing 46 civilians and 2 Ukrainian army personnel and Human Rights Watch experts had started documenting such occurences, pointing out the use of 9M27K cluster munitions on Nikolaev, Chernigov, razing notably the children's hospital there as well as the Kharkov hospital among others.

Monument in Tula

The Russian MoD compares the Uragan to the NATO M270 MLRS, an armoured and tracked vehicle entering service with the US Army in 1983. The M270 featured at the time M26 unguided rockets with a cluster warhead M77 using cumulative fragmentation sub-elements, 32 km range. In the 1990s and later from 2009, the M270 received the M26A1 rockets for increased flight range (ER-MLRS using a frag warhead with 518 fragmentation sub-elements M85, 45 km range. After adoption of M30 guided missile on the M270/M142 in 2004, the M26 ordnance were gradually removed from 2009. The M142 MLRS of 5 inches or 227 mm caliber sports the M30 (FRAG) and M31 (HE) versus a dozen types in the Russian arsenal for the Uragan.

The Uragan was also compared to the NURS Mk-2 and Mk-4 rockers sported by the Israeli LAR-160 system. In 2010, IMI completed the 160-mm ACCULAR guided missile for the LAR-160, with guidance by adjusting the flight path thanks to microjets combined with a GPS and an inertial navigation system. For easy and fast reload, all rockets are pre-packed in transport launch containers (TPC) having the same caracteristic as a standard TEU shipping container. The Uragan was also compared to the Turkish MBRL launching both unguided and guided missiles of standard 122 mm, 230 mm, 300 mm, as well as the KHAN 610 mm tactical missiles .

Sources The Uragan complex uragan-1m-mlrs 1045-220mm+9M27 BM-27 Uragan 1044-9K57+Uragan bm-27_9p140_uragan
Author's Renditions

Standard vehicle with the iconic "V" marking in Ukraine, 2022

BM-27 at Yuzhno Sakhalinsk Victory Day Parade 2019

Russian Camouflage variant 1

Russian Camouflage variant 2

Russian Camouflage variant 3

BM-27 with a washable paint in winter exercize

Afghan BM-27, 2010s

Ukrainian BM-27, 2022

R149MA1 command vehicle, close to the 1V152, Kapustnik-B system


Fully extended, ready to launch

Ukrainian BM-27

Ukrainian BM-27

Ukrainian BM-27

In a museum, Citaly Kuzmin (cc)

In a museum

Reloading vehicle

BM-27M1 parade

Underway in Russian location and date unknown

Camouflaged vehicle at Togliatti

Camouflaged vehicle at the May parade* *All the photos are from pinterest, hosted by pinterest.


WW1 Vehicles

British ww2 WWI trucks
British ww2 British WWI Vehicles
LGOC B-type troop Bus
Mack AC
Pierce-Arrow AA truck
BSA 14/18 hp-20/25 hp
BSA 13.9 h.p
Lanchester staff Car
Thornycroft J
Maudslay Lorry
AEC Y Type
Foster-Daimler Tractor
Motorc. Triumph H
Ford Model T Patrol Car
FWD Model B 3-ton Lorry
Leyland 3-ton truck
Vulcan truck
Vauxhall D-type staff car
Crossley 20/25 staff car
French ww2 French WWI Vehicles
Berliet CBA
Berliet Type M
Châtillon-Panhard Tractor
Panhard K11
Latil TAR Tractor
Panhard-Genty 24 HP
Renault EG
Renault AG1 Landaulet
Renault Truck 60CV
Renault FB Artillery Portee
Schneider CD Artillery Tractor
Soviet ww2 Russian WWI Vehicles
(list in research)
US ww2 US WWI Vehicles
Holt tractor
Liberty Trucks, assembled by:
  • Bethlehem
  • Brockway
  • Diamond T
  • Gardford
  • Gramm-Berstein
  • Indiana
  • Kelly-Springfield
  • Packard
  • Pierce-Arrow
  • Republic
  • Selden
  • SMTC
  • Sterling
  • Velie
  • Dart
  • Lafrance
Cadillac trucks/staff cars
Ricker truck
Ford Model T Mil.
Spruce log truck
Dodge M1918 Light Repair truck
Dart BB, E, L, Liberty CC4, J Tractor
5-ton Artillery Tractor
Ford Model T Ambulance
Mack AC "Bulldog" Truck
Holt 15-ton Tractor
Jeffery Quad Lorry
FWD Model B‎
Italy ww1 Italian WWI Vehicles
Lancia IZ
Fiat 15ter Ambulance
Fiat 15ter Lorry
Fiat 18BL Lorry
Hersent-Thiriont Flamethrower
(list in research)
Soviet ww2 Japanese WWI Vehicles
(list in research)
Belgian Dutch ww2 Belgian, Dutch and other WWI vehicles
Berna C2 Truck (Swiss)
(list in research)
German Empire ww1 German WWI Vehicles
A7V Überlandwagen
Büssing KZW1800 Artillery Tractor
Daimler Marienfelde Truck
Field Artillery Limbers
Große FeldKüche Hf.13
Mercedes 37/95 Staff Car
(list in research)
Soviet ww2 Austro-Hungarian Vehicles
Austro-Daimler Lorry
Austro-Daimler Artilleriezugwagen
B-Zug Artillery Tractor
Feldküche M.1915

Turkish vehicles Turkish WWI Vehicles
(list in research)

allied ww2 Allied ww2 Vehicles

British ww2 British Vehicles
-AEC Armoured Command Vehicle (415)
-AEC Matador
-Albion CX22S
-Albion FT15N
-Albion WD.CX24
-Austin K2/Y Ambulance
-Austin K3
-Austin K4
-Austin K4 Dropside
-Austin K5
-Austin K6 GS
-Austin K6 Gantry
-Bedford MW
-Bedford OXA Armoured
-Bedford OXC Semi-trailer
-Bedford OXD GS
-Bedford OYC Tanker
-Bedford OYD GS
-Bedford QL series (QLD, QLR/QLC QLT TC)
-Commer Q2
-Crossley Q-Type
-Diamond T tank transporter
-Guy Quad-Ant FAT
-Guy Lizard ACV
-Humber FWD
-Karrier KT4
-Karrier K6
-Leyland Hippo Mk I/II
-Leyland Lynx
-Leyland Retriever
-Mack EXBX
-Morris 15cwt
-Morris CDSW
-Morris ML Ambulance
-Morris C8 GS/FAT
-Morris Commercial CD series
-Morris Commercial CS8
-Morris C9
-Morris GS Terrapin
-Morris PU
-Scammell Pioneer SV1S/SV2S
-Thornycroft Hathi (1924)
-Thornycroft Nubian
-Thornycroft Tartar
US ww2 Canadian Trucks
-Ford F8 CMP
-CMP C15/F15 (1940)
-CMP C30/F30 LRGD (1942)
-CMP C30/F30 (1940)
-CMP C60/F60 LWB (1941)
-CMP C60/F60 SWB (1942)
-C-60X 6x6 CMP
-F-60H 6x4 CMP
-Ford F-GT CMP
-Chevy C-GT CMP
-C8A 1C1 HUP
-Chevrolet 3 ton truck
-Chevrolet WB 30cwt LRDG
-Chevrolet C8/C8A 4x2 CMP
French ww2 French Vehicles
-Berliet DGRA
-Berliet GDC
-Berliet GDM
-Berliet VDCA
-Berliet 30
-Bernard fuel carrier
-Citroën Kégresse P14 .
-Citroën Kégresse P17
-Citroën Kégresse P19
-Citroën Type 23
-Citroën 32U
-Citroën T45
-Fiat France 38R
-Ford France
-Hotchkiss PKW Type 680
-Hotchkiss 686
-Hotchkiss 686 PNA
-Isobloc W843M medical bus
-Laffly S15R
-Laffly S15T
-Laffly V15T
-Laffly V15R
-Laffly W15T/R
-Laffly 20TL
-Laffly 25
-Laffly 45
-Latil TAR H2
-Latil M2Tl6
-Matford F917
-Panhard K113 Truck
-Panhard K125 Truck/Bus
-Peugeot 202
-Peugeot 402
-Peugeot DMA
-Peugeot DK
-Peugeot DK5
-Renault AHS
-Renault AHN
-Renault AHR
-Renault AGC
-Renault ADK
-Renault ADH
-Renault AHSs
-Saurer type 3CT
-Simca 5 staff car
-Simca 8 staff car
-Somua MCL
-Somua MCG
-Talbot staff car
-Unic TU1
-Unic P107
-Trippel SG6
-Willeme DU10
Soviet ww2 Soviet Trucks
-GAZ AA M1927 M1932 M1941
-GAZ AAA M1937/1940
-Ford Marmon HH6 Katiusha
-SU C-6
-Yag-10 SPG
-ZIS-33 HT
-ZIS 41 HT
-FN-Kégresse T3

Soviet staff cars
-GAZ M1 "Emka"
-GAZ 11-73
-GAZ 61-73
-GAZ 67 Amphibious armoured cars
Soviet ww2 Czech Trucks
-Praga N (1915)
-Praga TNSPE (1916) AC
-Praga MN, LN (1926)
-Praga RN (1933)
-Praga SND (SNDgs) (1937)
-Praga RND (1935)
-Praga T6 (1937) artillery tractor
-Praga RV (1934)
-Praga AV (1936)
-Tatra 26
-Tatra 57/57K (1932-1940)
-Tatra 72
-Tatra 82
-Tatra 92
-Tatra 81
-Tatra 111
US ww2 US Trucks
-Autocar U8144T 5/6-ton 4x4 truck
-Brockway/LaFrance 6-ton 6x6 truck, G512, 514, 547, 569
-Brockway 6-ton 6×6 truck
-Chevrolet m1931
-Chevrolet m1936
-Chevrolet G506 1.5 ton 4x4 truck
-Chevrolet G-7107 4-1/2 ton 4x4
-Chevrolet 3116 1-1/2 ton 4x2
-Chevrolet AFWX-354
-Corbitt 6-ton 6×6 truck
-Diamond T Model 980/981 12-ton 6x4 trucks (G159)
-Diamond T Model 968 4-ton 6x6 truck (G509)
-Diamond T Model 967
-Diamond T Model 970
-Diamond T Model 972
-Diamond M26 Dragon Wagon
-Diamond M19 Tank Transporter
-Diamond T Model 980
-Diamond T 4-ton 6x6 truck
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton truck
-Dodge WC-51/52 (3⁄4-ton Trucks, Weapons Carrier)
-Dodge WC-53 (3⁄4-ton Carryall)
-Dodge WC-54/64 (3⁄4-ton Ambulance)
-Dodge WC-55 (3⁄4-ton Truck, M6 Gun Motor Carriage)
-Dodge WC-56/57/58 (3⁄4-ton (Radio) Command Reconnaissance)
-Dodge WC-62/43 (G-507, 11⁄2-ton, 6x6 truck)
-Dodge M6 GMC
-Dodge T-234 "China/Burma" truck
-Ford B3000 S
-Ford V3000S
-Ford V3000A
-Ford BB
-Ford V8-51
-Ford m1931
-Ford V8 M1937
-Four Wheel Drive Auto Company (FWD) SU-COE 5-6 ton 4x4
-International B2
-International model 1937
-Inl KR-11 5 ton 4x2 dump truck
-Inl M5-6 318 2-1/2 ton 6x6 swb
-G8T 2-1/2 ton 4x2 Truck
-Mack NR15 10-ton 6x4
-Reo 28 XS 10-ton 6x4
-Studebaker US6x4 U-5
-Studebaker US6x4 U-7
-Studebaker US6x4 U-6
-Studebaker US6 U4 bz35S 2-1/2 ton 6x6 truck
-T1E1(M1) half-track
-T5 half-track
-T7 half-track
-T9 half-track
-Ward LaFrance
-White 6 ton 6x6 Prime Mover
-White G-691 444T
-White 6-ton 6×6 truck G512, 514, 526, 547

US ww2 Small truck/car & Misc.
Bantam Reconnaissance Car
Ford GTB
6x6 Willys 'MT-TUG' ("Super-Jeep")
-Willys MB light truck
-Ford GPA ("Seep")
Buick Century Series 60
1941 Plymouth P11 Staff Car
Ford Fordor 1942 Staff Car
Harley-Davidson WLA motorcycle
US ww2 Tractors. M1 Heavy Tractor:
  • Allis-Chalmers Model L
  • G-022 Caterpillar Model 60
  • G-89 Caterpillar RD7
  • G-98, G-107 Allis-Chalmers HD-10DW
  • G-101 International Harvester TD-18
  • G-126 Caterpillar D7
  • G-153 Caterpillar D8

Axis ww2 Axis Trucks

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Sd.Kfz 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 were half-tracks designed just before the war as prime movers, to carry supplies, ammunition, personal, and tow artillery. Many were also converted during the war as armored versions carrying AA FLAK guns (Flakvierling, 37 mm, or the legendary 88 mm Rheinmetall als used as tank hunters), or were converted as nebelwerfer (rocket launching armored vehicles). They were built by Hanomag, Steyr, Mercedes-Benz, Bussing and many other manufacturers until 1945, over 20,000 half-tracks.

German ww2 German Military trucks
-Opel Blitz
-Mercedes-Benz L3000
-Magirus A3000
-Krupp Protze Kfz.19
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.68
-Krupp Protze Kfz.69
-Krupp Protze Kfz.70
-Krupp Protze Kfz.81
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.83
-Borgward B 3000
-Skoda Rad Schlepper
-Ost RSO Porsche 175
-Steyr Type 2000A
-Einheits Lkw Kfz.62
-Krupp LKW L3
-Bussing-Nag 4500
-Opel Blitz Omnibus
-Bussing-Nag L
-Mercedes-Benz L1500
-Beute Studebaker
-Krupp L3H
-Hanomag SS-100
-Beute Ford B3000 S, V3000S, V3000A
-Beute Ford model BB
-Beute Ford model V8-51
-Beute Tatra 111

German ww2 German Half Tracks

-Sd.Kfz.2 Kettenkrad
-Sd.Kfz.3 Maultier
-Sd.Kfz.4 Panzerwerfer
-Schwere Wehrmachtsschlepper
-Leichte Wehrmachtsschlepper
-Raupenschlepper Ost

German ww2 German Staff Cars

-Horch 81
-Horch 108
-Kfz.15 Horch 901
-VW 182 Kübelwagen
-VW Schwimmwagen
italy ww2 Italian Military trucks
L. Trucks (Autocarro Leggere)
-ОМ Autocarretta da Montagna
-Camioneta SPA TL.37
-Camioneta AS.43
-Fiat 618
Med. Trucks (Autocarro Medio)
-Alfa Romeo 430RE
-Alfa Romeo 800RE
-Bianchi Miles
-FIAT-626 NM
-Isotta Fraschini D65
-Isotta Fraschini D80
-SPA Dovunque-35
-SPA Dovunque-41
-SPA AS.37
-Autocarro Dovunque SPA 41/42

H. Trucks (Autocarro Gigante)
-Fiat 661
-Lancia Ro
-Lancia 3Ro and TE
-Lancia EsaRo
-ОМ Taurus
-ОМ Titano
-Autocarri Unificati Ursus

italy ww2 Artillery tractors
-Breda TP32
-Breda TP 40
-Breda TP 41
-Breda 6x4 51
-90/53 su Breda 52
-Breda 61 (licenced SdKfz-7)
-Fiat-SPA T.L.37
-Pavesi Р4.31 (L140)
-Fiat 727 half-track artillery tractor
-SPA TM40 wheeled artillery tractor

italy ww2 Staff Cars
-Alfa Romeo 6С2500 Coloniale
-Fiat 508M Ballila
-Fiat 508CM Coloniale
-Fiat 1100 (1937) (Balilla-1100 Coloniale)
-Lancia Aprilia Coloniale
-Bianchi VM 6C
-Fiat 2800 CMC

italy ww2 Motorcycles
-Benelli 500 M36/VLM
-Bianchi Supermil 500
-Gilera 500 LTE
-Moto Guzzi Alce/Trialce
-Volugrafo Aermoto 125
Japan ww2 IJA/IJN ww2 vehicles
-Toyota 4x4 Su-Ki (Amphibious truck)
-Isuzu Type 94 truck
-Type 94 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 95 Mini-truck
-Type 97 4-Wheeled Truck
-Type 1 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 2 Heavy Truck
-Toyota KB/KC Truck
-Nissan 80 Truck
-Nissan 180 Truck
Japan ww2 Tractors
-Type 92 5 t Prime Mover "I-Ke"
-Type 98 6 t Prime Mover "Ro-Ke"
-Type 92 8 t Prime Mover "Ni-Ku"
-Type 95 13 t Prime Mover "Ho-Fu"
-Type 94 4 t Prime Mover "Yo-Ke"
-Type 98 4 t Prime Mover "Shi-Ke"
-Type 96 AA Gun Prime Mover
-Type 98 20 mm AA Machine Cannon Carrier
-Type 98 Half-tracked Prime Mover "Ko-Hi"
-Type 98 20 mm AA Half-Track Vehicle
-Experimental Heavy Gun Tractor Chi-Ke
-Experimental Crawler Truck
-T G Experimental Crawler Truck
-Fordson Prime Mover
-Pavessi Gun Tractor
-50 hp Gun Tractor
-Komatsu 3 ton Tractor
-Light Prime Mover
-Clarton Prime Mover
-Holt 30

Japan ww2 Staff cars
-Toyota AA/AB/AC
-Type 93 6/4-Wheeled Passenger Car
-Type 95 Passenger Car "Kurogane"
-Type 98 Passenger Car
-Model 97 Nissan Staff Car, Nissan 70

Japan ww2 Motorcycles
-Rikuo Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 97 Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 93 side car

Japan ww2 Misc.
-Type 94 Ambulance
-Type 94 Repair Vehicle

Cold War & Modern Vehicles

Section pending completion.
BAV-485 * MAZ-543 * GAZ 46 * GAZ 67B * GAZ/UAZ-69 * GAZ 51 * GAZ 63* ZIL-131 * GAZ 66 * KrAZ-214 * KrAZ-255 * KrAZ-260 * KZKT-7428 * MAZ-535 * MAZ-537 * MAZ-7310 * Ural 375 * URAL 4320 * ZIL-135 * ZIL-151 * ZIL-157 * ZIL-157/PR-11M * ZIL-6 * ZIL-6

* * * * Praga V3S * Tatra 813
Ford G398 * Borgward BE3000 * Henschel HS 115 * Hanomag AL 28 * Mercedes Standard 4.5L * Mercedes LG 315/46 * Magirus-Deutz 170 * Magirus-Deutz 232 * Magirus-Deutz Jupiter 6x6 * Magirus-Deutz A 6500 * MAN KAT-1 * SLT 50 Elefant TT * Liebherr 8x8 GLW * MAN TGM Mil 18 4x4 * Liebherr 4x4 FKL * MAN 630 L2 * Mercedes LA * Unimog 404 2.5 standard * DKW Munga (1956) * Mercedes G-class * Volkswagen Type 181 (1968) * Volkswagen Iltis (1978) * MAN LX Tactical Trucks * M3 Amphibious Rig
Willys Jeep CJ series * Jeep M606 * Jeep M38A1 * Jeep M170 * M151 Mutt * M422 Mighty Mite * CJ V-35(/U) * M274 4x4 "Mule" * M37 Series 4x4 "Power Wagon" * M35 Series 6x6 * M54 Series 6x6 * M123/M125 6x6 * M715 series 4x4 * M561 6x6 "Gamma Goat" * M656 Series 8x8 * M880 series 4x4 * M809 series 6x6 * M520 4x4 "Goer" * M915 series 6x4 * M911 C-MET 8x6 * CUCV M1008 4x4 * HMMWV 4x4 * M939 Series 6x6 * HEMTT M977 8x8

Land-Rover * Bedford RL * Bedford TK/MK * Bedford TM * AEC Militant * Austin K9 * AEC Mandator TEL


Nissan 2.5 Truck * * Hitachi Type 73 artillery tractor (1974) * Toyota Type 73 * Isuzu HST * Nissan Patrol * Mitsubishi Type 73 * Toyota Land Cruiser *
Jiefang CA10 * Jiefang CA30
Beijing BJ212 * Beijing BJ2020 * Dongfeng EQ240/EQ2081 * Dongfeng EQ245/EQ2100 * Dongfeng EQ2050 * FAW MV3 * Hanyang HY4260 * Hanyang HY4330 * HTF5680A1 * SFQ2040 LieYing * Xiaolong XL2060 * Jiefang CA-30 * NJ2045/2046 * Shaanxi SX2190 * Shaanxi SX2150 * TA580/TAS5380 * TA5450/TAS5450 * TAS5500 * TAS5570 * TAS5690 * Type 82 truck * WS2300 * WS2400 * WS2500 * Wanshan W-2600 * WS21200 * WS51200
Renault TRM 10000 GP | Renault RM 700-100 TT | Renault TRM 2000 lorry | Berliet GBC 8 TK & Renault GBC 180 | Renault Kerax* | Iveco PPT3 | PML VPCM | Scania CCP10 | Scania TRA TOE NG | Renault ESRC | Renault ESRC AVIT | Renault CCPTA | Mercedes CCP3/5 | Renault Carapace | Renault CDLR | Renault PPDL | Renault CDLR CBH 385 | VLTT | Grizzly LUV | VOS-APP LUV | VOS-PAT LUV | Acmat VLRA | Panhard VPS LUV | Aquus AREG VLFS | Renault T4 VLTP NG | Arquus Trapper VT4 | French Mil. Quads | Renault Kangoo | French Bulldozers | Souvim Minesweeper | EFA Bridgelayer | Renault PFM BDL | SPRAT AVLB

Modern Trucks

Section pending completion.


Tatra Prithvi | Ashok-Leyland Agni II TEL


Iveco ACTL


AMT 25, AMT 950, DAC, Roman, Dacia Duster.


Rantis P6 ATAV


UAZ Esaul * Kamaz 6560 * Pantsir S1


Renault TRM 10000 GP | Renault RM 700-100 TT | Renault TRM 2000 lorry | <Renault Kerax | Iveco PPT3 | PML VPCM | Scania CCP10 | Scanian TRA TOE NG | Renault ESRC | Renault ESRC AVIT | Renault CCPTA | Mercedes CCP3/5 | Renault Carapace | Renault CDLR | Renault PPDL | Renault CDLR CBH 385 | VLTT | Grizzly LUV | VOS-APP LUV | VOS-PAT LUV | Acmat VLRA | Panhard VPS LUV | Aquus AREG VLFS | Renault T4 VLTP NG | | French Mil. Quads | Renault Kangoo | French Bulldozers | Souvim Minesweeper | EFA Bridgelayer | Renault PFM BDL | SPRAT AVLB


Mercedes 250GD Wolf | Mercedes Wolf SSA | Mercedes G300 Greenliner | VW T3/T4/T6 van | BWM G650 GS | BMW F850 GS | BMW R1150 RT | BMW R1200 RT | KTM 400LS-E BdW | LIV(SO) Serval | German quads | Faun LST50-3 Elefant | Faun STL56 Franziska | Faun SLT Mammut | RMT HX81 | SAANH 70T | Mercedes Unimog U3/4/5000 | Mercedes Zetros | MAN KAT1 | RMT Multi 2 | RMT WLS 6x6 | RMT UTF WLKS 8x8 | | MAN TGS 8x4 | MAN TGS 6x4 | MAN RMMV TGA | Mercedes Atego | Mercedes Axor | EWK M3 Amph.Rig | Liebherr FKL | Liebherr FKM | T.Faun FKS ATF 30-2 | T.Faun FKS ATF 70-4 | T.Faun FKS ATF 100-5 | T.Faun FKS ATF 110-5 | T.Faun FKS ATF 120-5 Obelix | Steinbrock 2.5 Y4 | Herbst-Smag Orion V | Konecrane SMV 2216 TC3 | Ahlmann AS1600 | Liebherr 574 | MAN Cobra Radar | Liebherr LTM 1050


Defenture Mammoth | to come | placeholder | MLC-70 WGMST


United Kingdom:

RWMIK land rover | Toyota Jankel Al-Thalab | Sky Sabre | Alvis Unipower | land Rover Wolf | Land Rover Defender BFA | Alvis Supacat ATMP | Marshall Gasket 3 | MAN SV (Mark I-III)


Interim Fast Attack Vehicle | M1161 Growler | Boeing Phantom Badger | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |