MAZ 543

Soviet Union
Heavy 8x8 TEL Truck (1965) - approx. 4,230* built

The 8x8 beast of burden for many systems

In the beginning of the 1960s, MAZ started development of a new all-wheel drive chassis, given the designation MAZ 543. This was the company's 4th generation heavy duty utility chassis. It derived from the MAZ 537G, but the engine and cabin were entirely modified, based on a longer frame. The new chassis was given indeed a 525 hp D12A-525A V12 diesel with automatic transmission better torque converter on a 3-speed gearbox. It was declined into the base, A and M versions for the base vehicle, but it was also declined into a multitude of systems. Here, we do not only cover the Scud TEL but other variants as well.

Genesis of MAZ-543

Evolution

Prototype of the MAZ 543
Prototype of the MAZ 543

With the rise of ballistic rockets, the Soviet Army needed a transport to carry them and eventually able to deploy them as well. MAZ company created the MAZ-543 8×8 truck, but it came from a long lineage, going back to the late 1950s; Aapart from powerful tracked vehocles that can lift 20-30 tons rockets, there was a need for a faster self-propelled wheeled chassis, designed for light to medium missile systems with their launchers.

Such chassis were created in SKB ZIL design unit, Shaposhnik design bureau receiving the task of developing a long wheeled chassis, a better solution that tracks to achieve greater speeds while still retaining an off-roa capability. First, the bureau contacted ZIL and its chief designer VA Grachev, to analyze possible solutions. This analysis showed variants and arrangements with a rocket nose over cabin solution, as declined on the ZIL-135E and ZIL-135LM. The other was the "rocket behind the cab" of the ZIL-135K.

MAZ-543_TEL-Scud
MAZ 543 TEL scud

MAZ-543a_chassis-top-view
Chassis top view

But none were accepted as the intended new missile was too long.

As a result, the chassis layout saw a divided cab, with the rocker and its lifting system located in between.

Thus, the chassis was almost equal to the length of the rocket. The overall height of the vehicle also dropped sharply, making it easier to conceal in operations (and to be spotted). This chassis was almost completely standardized to meet the MAZ-537 truck tractor specifications, but only differing from it by its split cabin. Seats in those were in tandem, making for a crew of four, enough to operate the whole system.

The new vehicle's wheelbase was increased to 7.7 m and the final MAZ-543 turned out to be a powerful, mobile, yet still compact (11,7 m x 3 m x 3 m) vehicle with high cross-country capability and suitable for operation in extreme temperatures, from -40 to +50.

Design

The MAZ 543A and MAZ 543M had fiberglass side cabins and othger modifications. There was a different radiator and the front split to let the missile rest between both cabins is also different. All variant had wheelbase of 7.7 meters, and their top speed is 60 kph for a gargantuan (but expected) fuel consumption of 80 liters per 100 km. The first version of the new 'light chassis variant' of the MAZ 543 had an utility payload of 19.1 tonnes. The first 6 prototypes were manufactured in the spring of 1962 and Mass production started in 1965. Quite specialized TELs with their two separate cabins, with the missile and its erector in between, followed by utility gear, hydraulic and eletric system lifting the missile. The two twin-door cabins left and right had excellent visibility and intercom.
The single MAZ V12 engine had a 38.8 liter capacity giving out 525 horsepower.
Independent torsion bar suspension was used of all wheels, reinforced by telescopic shock absorbers, and a centralized tire inflation system to cope with the most snowy and muddy terrains proper to Russia. The wheelbase was increased to 7,700 mm, track became 2,375 mm. Due to these unusually large dimensions for a truck, they did fit with any norms for public roads. But even with their heavy load, they could keep up in swamps, sand and deep snow with a rather high average speed required from this generation of mobile launchers as specified.

OTR-22
OTR-22

Production

scud B MAZ 543

From March 1959, Minsk Automobile Plant started its own production of wheeled TELs, and 543 series became its main product, all equipped with V12 engines. The first trucks were made in 1962 but first known interntionally when paraded on the red square in 1965. The new vehicles soon became the basis for the 8K14 missile system ad constitued a way better platform than the tracked chassis initially sued for it which had a rough ride and vibrations endengering the missile. The basic chassis was used for a large veriety of missiles.

In all production was of 1,631 vehicles until the late 1980s. One of the first uses was for a base chassis for the TEL 9K71 'Temp' system and the 9P117. But the most famous remains the 1963, MAZ 543A, with a payload of 19.4 tonnes. It was developed for the 9P120 'Temp-S' missile TEL and mass production started in 1966. Main difference from the basic MAZ 543 had the missile is shifted forward to the both front cabins. Until the middle of 2000s, more than 2,600 chassis were made, finding many uses.

High traction qualities and reliability made the MAZ-543 desirable not only for the military, but also for the cikivial market for heavy duty roles in Siberia. Civil modifications MAZ-543 with the onboard cargo platform received the MAZ-7310 index, the MAZ-7901 pipeline, the MAZ-7510 truck, and the MAZ-73132 truck tractor.

MAZ 543M was the last in this lineage of famous military chassis. The first prototype MAZ 543V was made in 1972, mass production started four years later in 1976. The new version was unified with other versions 543 and 543A, but was fitted with a single cabin shifted to the left. Early chassis had headlights fitted in the front bumper. Later version got headlights integrated in the front mask. The only design feature of MAZ 543M was two 370 liters fuel tanks additionally equipped with centrifugal pumping pumps. Payload is increased to 22.2 tonnes. Crub weight - 21.1 tonnes, GVW - 43.5 tonnes. Other technical data was similar to MAZ 543/543A. A flatbed version joined the lineup in 1978. More then 4,500 copies were produced till 2000s. The carrier vehicle far outlasts its weapons systems, caught by technology progress. Since 1986, the 543M is also produced in China by Wanshan.

9K72 Elbrus: The Scud missile launcher system



The scud missile is probably the most famous (or infamous) tactical missile of the cold war. Its name came back thousands of times in newsreels around the world in the 1970s and up to the 2000s. Technically, the 9K72 Elbrus was the Scud-C (NATO SS1c Scud-B) was basically the first modern soviet tactical missile to enter service in the late 1960s. The whole scud faily is not the subject here, but its development goes back to the R11 rocket developed in 1946-1950, to create a ballistic missile with similar performance to the German V-2 rocket. The first entered service in 1955 under NATO name SS-1b Scud-A (R-11 Zemlya ballistic missile). Its forerunner was the SS-1 Scunner, a failed attempt to copy the V-2 rocket. The R-11 however had a better design, smaller and differently shaped, developed the legendary Korolyev OKB, entering service in 1957. Its engine was designed by A. M. Isaev. It was far simpler than the V-2's multi-chamber design, used an anti-oscillation baffle, was suitable for cheap, mas production and indeed at the head of a whole family wich improved on performances until practically the end of the cold war.

The R-17 (later R-300) Elbrus or NATO SS-1c Scud-B entered service in 1961, and is able to carry either a conventional HE or 5-80 kt yeld thermonuclear wahread, as well as chemical. It measured 11.35 m (37.2 ft) for 0.88 m (2 ft 11 in) in diameter, propelled by a single liquid-fuel rocket engine mixing kerosene and corrosion-inhibited red fuming nitric acid with unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine as igniter. Top speed is Mach 5, range 300 km (190 mi) with an accuracy of 450 m (1,480 ft). The last Scud-d entered service in 1989 and had far greater performances.

Combat use:



Yom Kippur War, Iran–Iraq War, Gulf War, Afghan Civil War (1989–1992), Yemeni Civil War (1994), First Chechen War, Second Chechen War, Libyan Civil War, Syrian Civil War, Yemeni Civil War (2015–present), Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen, 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.

This is certinly not over. The following operators had it: Afghanistan, Belarus, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Czech Republic, East Germany, Hungary, Iraq, Poland, Romania, Russia, South Yemen, Slovakia, the United Arab Emirates and Ukraine. Current operators are: Algeria, Armenia, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Iran, Kazakhstan, Myanmar, North Korea, Libya, Oman, Syria, even the United States (circa 30 Scud-B, four TELs acquired in 1995), Vietnam and Yemen.

The missile was copied and produced under licence or not by the following: Iraqi Al Hussein, Al Abbas and Al Hijarah, North Korea (Hwasong-5, 6, 7, 9 and Rodong-1), Iranian Shahab-1, 2, 3, Qiam 1, Yemeni Houti forces Volcano (Burkan 1, 2). The missile was also carried by the ZIL-131 tractor truck with a reload trailer called 2T3M1 Transporter. They followed the MAZ-543 brigades.

Variants (MAZ-543 chassis)

The MAZ 543M used as a chassis for the following:
-MAZ-543M basic truck BM-30 Smerch (carries the BM-30 Smerch Multiple rocket launcher), MAZ-543P (carries the 9K72 Elbrus launcher (9P117)), MAZ-543P (19,600 kg payload) carrying the 9K76 Temp-S system, MAZ-547 with SS-20 Saber IRBM (which is a six-axle version, used as TEL), MAZ-7910 carrying and operating the air defense missile complex S-300 and sub-variant carrying the S-300PMU-2, and MAZ-74106 fitted with the air search radar 64N6 BIG BIRD for the S-300PM.

An indirect variant is the WS2400 1986" PRC own version of MAZ-543. Designated WS580 and later WS2400, it was built by Wanshan Special Vehicle, a subsidiary of China Aerospace Sanjiang Space Co. Ltd. part of CASIC. It uses a more modern German diesel while transmission and hydraulics are manufactured by Wanshan, most under licence from ZF Friedrichshafen.

Missile launcher 9K58 "Smerch"

Introduced in 1989, it is a heavy rocker launcher (SPRL), probably studied in the early 1980s, with a prototype spotted in 1984. Its pending replacement is the current 9A52-4 Tornado revealed in 2018. The 9K58 "Smerch" was designed by the Splav State Research and Production Enterprise. It carried twelve 30 cm rockets (12 inches) with a max range of 90 km (56 miles). Cuuently used by 17 countries, it saw combat in the Second Chechen War, in the Donbas, in the Syrian Civil War and the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh war.

Missile launcher "Rubezh-A"

Romanian 4K51 Rubezh missile launch
Romanian 4K51 Rubezh missile launch

Yugoslav Rubzeh launcher (tanks encyclopedia). Called the 4K51, more commonly known ‘Rubezh’ (frontier), this is a coastal defense system fully integrated with radar and fire control on a MAZ-543 chassis. It was created to carry the SSC-3 Styx antiship missile, and therefore is often used on coastal areas. The missile is also called the P-15 Termit. Entering service in 1978, it replaced the 4K44b Redut. It is still in use by Cuba, Vietnam and Syria, plus some Russian Marines Batallions. The carrier vehicle is called 3P51 (GRAU index). The system was scheduled for replacement by the 1990s 3K60 Bal.



. 15V75 tropospheric communication station
15V75 tropospheric communication station

Coastal artillery system "Coast"

Coastal artillery system A-222 "Bereg"

Mobile missile sytem 3K60 "Bal"

Mobile missile sytem "Temp 2S"

Mobile missile system "Pioneer"

Mobile missile system "Topol"/"Topol-M"


MAZ-7310


MAZ-543 radar system


MAZ 543a command post


Military_parade_in_Baku_2013_Maz543

Others non-TEL/Civ Variants:

MAZ 7310 Utility truck

MAZ AA 60 Airport Firefighting truck

more to come.

MAZ-535A design scheme
MAZ-543A

Read more/Src


Osprey Scud-Ballistic-Missile-and-Launch-Systems-1955-2005
TELs (genetic)
globalsecurity.org
military-today.com
On trucksplanet.com
armedconflicts.com
ausairpower.net - Legacy-SAM-Upgrades
ausairpower.net - APA-Grumble-Gargoyle
cat maz
Wik
wikfr
turbosquid.com
forum.juhlin.com

Gallery

Illustrations


Basic MAZ-543 utility 8x8 truck as delivered as "naked chassis"


Soviet SS-1с Scud B (9K72 Elbrus) system, 1965


East German 9K72 Elbrus, 1970


Iraqi 9K72 Elbrus, 1985




Three liveries of the Libyan 9K72, 1980-97


MAZ-543 Iraqi Gulf War, 1991


Iraqi MAZ 543 during the Iran-Iraq war 1980s


Iranian amry MAZ 543


Russian MAZ-543 in winter manoeuvers

Photos

9K72 Elbrus
9K72 Elbrus with the erected launcher on display in Bulgaria


maz-7440 at yaroslav-2011


SS-1C_Scud_B_missiles_on_TEL


MAZ-543_airport_tender


RSZO_Smertch


RSD-10_2009_G1


9P117_9K72


S-300PMU2_64N6E2


MoscowParade2009_7


MAZ-543-truck_Anti-terrorist_operation_in_eastern_Ukraine


MAZ-543-Caracas_parade

WW1 Vehicles

British ww2 WWI trucks
FR: Berliet CBA, Berliet Type M, Châtillon-Panhard, Latil TAR, Panhard-Genty 24 HP, Renault EG

allied ww2 Allied ww2 Vehicles

British ww2 British Vehicles
-AEC Armoured Command Vehicle (415)
-AEC Matador
-Albion CX22S
-Albion FT15N
-Albion WD.CX24
-Austin K2/Y Ambulance
-Austin K3
-Austin K4
-Austin K4 Dropside
-Austin K5
-Austin K6 GS
-Austin K6 Gantry
-Bedford MW
-Bedford OXA Armoured
-Bedford OXC Semi-trailer
-Bedford OXD GS
-Bedford OYC Tanker
-Bedford OYD GS
-Bedford QL series (QLD, QLR/QLC QLT TC)
-CMP FAT
-CMP Truck
-Commer Q2
-Crossley Q-Type
-Diamond T tank transporter
-Guy Quad-Ant FAT
-Guy Lizard ACV
-Humber FWD
-Karrier KT4
-Karrier K6
-Leyland Hippo Mk I/II
-Leyland Lynx
-Leyland Retriever
-Mack EXBX
-Morris 15cwt
-Morris CDSW
-Morris ML Ambulance
-Morris C8 GS/FAT
-Morris Commercial CD series
-Morris Commercial CS8
-Morris C9
-Morris GS Terrapin
-Morris PU
-Scammell Pioneer SV1S/SV2S
-Thornycroft Hathi (1924)
-Thornycroft Nubian
-Thornycroft Tartar
French ww2 French Vehicles
-Berliet DGRA
-Berliet GDC
-Berliet GDM
-Berliet VDCA
-Berliet 30
-Bernard fuel carrier
-Citroën Kégresse P14 .
-Citroën Kégresse P17
-Citroën Kégresse P19
-Citroën Type 23
-Citroën 32U
-Citroën T45
-ELMAG
-Fiat France 38R
-Ford France
-Hotchkiss PKW Type 680
-Hotchkiss 686
-Hotchkiss 686 PNA
-Isobloc W843M medical bus
-Laffly S15R
-Laffly S15T
-Laffly V15T
-Laffly V15R
-Laffly W15T/R
-Laffly 20TL
-Latil TAR H2
-Latil M2Tl6
-Matford F917
-Panhard K113
-Panhard K113
-Peugeot 202
-Peugeot 402
-Peugeot DMA
-Peugeot DK
-Peugeot DK5
-Renault AHS
-Renault AHN
-Renault AHR
-Renault AGC
-Renault ADK
-Renault ADH
-Renault AHSs
-Saurer type 3CT
-Simca 5 staff car
-Simca 8 staff car
-Somua MCL
-Somua MCG
-Talbot staff car
-Unic TU1
-Unic P107
-Trippel SG6
-Willeme DU10
Soviet ww2 Soviet Trucks
-BZ-38
-GAZ AA M1927 M1932 M1941
-GAZ–MM
-GAZ AAA M1937
-GAZ AAA M1940
-GAZ-60
-GAZ-65
-Ford Marmon HH6 Katiusha
-SU-1-12
-SU-4
-SU C-6
-SU-12
-Yag-6
-Yag-10
-Yag-10 SPG
-ZIS-5/V/BZ
-ZIS-6
-ZIS-12
-ZIS-22M HT
-ZIS-33 HT
-ZIS 41 HT
-ZIS 42M HT
-FN-Kégresse T3

Soviet staff cars
-GAZ A
-GAZ M1 "Emka"
-GAZ 11-73
-GAZ 61-73
-GAZ 67 Amphibious armoured cars
-PB-4
-PB-7
-BAD-2
US ww2 US Trucks
-Ford B3000 S
-Ford V3000S
-Ford V3000A,
-Ford BB
-Ford V8-51
-Ford m1931
-Ford V8 M1937
-T1E1(M1) half-track
-T5 half-track
-T7 half-track
-T9 half-track
-G8T 2-1/2 ton 4x2 Truck
-International B2
-International model 1937
-Chevrolet m1931
-Chevrolet m1936
-Chevrolet G-506 ​1 1⁄2-ton 4x4
-Chevrolet G-7107 4-1/2 ton 4x4
-Chevrolet 3116 1-1/2 ton 4x2
-Studebaker US6x4 U7
-Studebaker US6x4 U-6
-Studebaker US6x6 U-5 6x4
-Studebaker US6 U4 bz35S 2-1/2 ton 6x6 truck
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Ambulance
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Carry-all
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton (Radio) Command Reconnaissance
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Truck, Closed Cab
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Truck, Open Cab
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton (Radio) Panel Van
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Telephone Service (K50)
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Truck, Emergency Repair
-Dodge WC-51/52 (3⁄4-ton Trucks, Weapons Carrier)
-Dodge WC-53 (3⁄4-ton Carryall)
-Dodge WC-54/64 (3⁄4-ton Ambulance)
-Dodge WC-55 (3⁄4-ton Truck, M6 Gun Motor Carriage)
-Dodge WC-56/57/58 (3⁄4-ton (Radio) Command Reconnaissance)
-Dodge WC-62/43 (G-507, 11⁄2-ton, 6x6 truck)
-Dodge M6 GMC
-GMC CCKW Cargo Truck
-GMC CCKW 353 2-1/2 Ton Truck
-GMC SWB CCKW-352
-GMC 1939 ACKWX 353 3 ton 6x6 truck
-GMC AFWX-353 3 ton 6x4 truck
-GMC DUKW 353 2-1/2 ton 6x6 truck
-GMC C.O.E. AFKWX
-Diamond T Model 980/981 12-ton 6x4 trucks (G159)
-Diamond T Model 968 4-ton 6x6 truck (G509)
-Diamond T Model 967
-Diamond T Model 970
-Diamond T Model 972
-Diamond M26 Dragon Wagon
-Diamond M19 Tank Transporter
-Diamond T Model 980
-Diamond T 4-ton 6x6 truck
-Autocar U8144T 5/6-ton 4x4 truck
-Brockway/LaFrance 6-ton 6x6 truck, G512, 514, 547, 569
-White/Corbitt 6 ton 6x6 Prime Mover
-Brockway
-Corbitt
-Ward LaFrance
-Four Wheel Drive Auto Company (FWD) SU-COE 5-6 ton 4x4
-White Motor Company
-Inl KR-11 5 ton 4x2 dump truck
-Inl M5-6 318 2-1/2 ton 6x6 swb
-Mack NR15 10-ton 6x4
-Reo 28 XS 10-ton 6x4

US ww2 Small truck/car & Misc.
Bantam Reconnaissance Car
Ford GTB
6x6 Willys 'MT-TUG' ("Super-Jeep")
-Willys MB light truck
-Ford GPA ("Seep")
Buick Century Series 60
1941 Plymouth P11 Staff Car
Ford Fordor 1942 Staff Car
Harley-Davidson WLA motorcycle

Axis ww2 Axis Trucks


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Sd.Kfz 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 were half-tracks designed just before the war as prime movers, to carry supplies, ammunition, personal, and tow artillery. Many were also converted during the war as armored versions carrying AA FLAK guns (Flakvierling, 37 mm, or the legendary 88 mm Rheinmetall als used as tank hunters), or were converted as nebelwerfer (rocket launching armored vehicles). They were built by Hanomag, Steyr, Mercedes-Benz, Bussing and many other manufacturers until 1945, over 20,000 half-tracks.

German ww2 German Military trucks
-Opel Blitz
-Opel Maultier
-Mercedes-Benz L3000
-Magirus A3000
-Krupp Protze Kfz.19
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.68
-Krupp Protze Kfz.69
-Krupp Protze Kfz.70
-Krupp Protze Kfz.81
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.83
-Borgward B 3000
-Skoda Rad Schlepper
-Ost RSO Porsche 175
-Steyr Type 2000A
-Einheits Lkw Kfz.62
-Krupp LKW L3
-Bussing-Nag 4500
-Opel Blitz Omnibus
-Bussing-Nag L
-Mercedes-Benz L1500
-Beute Studebaker
-Krupp L3H
-Hanomag SS-100
-Beute Ford B3000 S, V3000S, V3000A
-Beute Ford model BB
-Beute Ford model V8-51
-Beute Tatra 111

German ww2 German Staff Cars

-Horch 81
-Horch 108
-VW 182 Kübelwagen
-VW Schwimmwagen
-Sd.Kfz.2 Kettenkrad
italy ww2 Italian Military trucks
L. Trucks (Autocarro Leggere)
-Breda-32
-Breda-40
-Breda-41
-ОМ-32 Autocarretta da Montagna
-ОМ-36DM
-Camioneta SPA TL.37
-Camioneta AS.43
-SPA CL39
-SPA ТМ40
-Fiat 618

Med. Trucks (Autocarro Medio)
-Alfa Romeo 430RE
-Alfa Romeo 800RE
-Breda Dovunque-41
-Bianchi Miles
-Ceirano-50СМ
-FIAT-626 NM
-Isotta Fraschini D65
-Isotta Fraschini D80
-SPA Dovunque-35
-SPA Dovunque-41
-SPA AS.37
-SPA-38R
-Autocarro Dovunque SPA 41/42

H. Trucks (Autocarro Gigante)
-FIAT-633NM
-FIAT-634N
-FIAT-666
-Fiat 661
-Lancia Ro
-Lancia 3Ro
-Lancia EsaRo
-ОМ Taurus
-ОМ Titano
-Autocarreta Mod.35
-Autocarri Unificati Ursus

italy ww2 Artillery tractors
-Breda 51
-Breda 52
-Breda 61 (licenced SdKfz-7)
-Fiat-SPA T.L.37
-Pavesi Р4.31 (L140)
-Fiat 727 - half-track artillery tractor
-SPA TM40 - wheeled artillery tractor

italy ww2 Staff Cars -Alfa Romeo 6С2500 Coloniale
-Fiat 508M/CM Ballila
-Fiat 1100 (1937) (Balilla-1100 Coloniale)
-Lancia Aprilia Coloniale
-Bianchi VM 6C
-Fiat 2800 CMC

italy ww2 Motorcycles
-Benelli 500 M36/VLM
-Bianchi Supermil 500
-Gilera 500 LTE
-Moto Guzzi Alce/Trialce
-Volugrafo Aermoto 125
Japan ww2 IJA/IJN ww2 vehicles
-Toyota 4x4 Su-Ki (Amphibious truck)
-Isuzu Type 94 truck
-Type 94 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 95 Mini-truck
-Type 97 4-Wheeled Truck
-Type 1 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 2 Heavy Truck
-Toyota KB/KC Truck
-Nissan 80 Truck
-Nissan 180 Truck
-Amphibious Truck "Su-Ki"

Japan ww2 Tractors
-Type 92 5 t Prime Mover "I-Ke"
-Type 98 6 t Prime Mover "Ro-Ke"
-Type 92 8 t Prime Mover "Ni-Ku"
-Type 95 13 t Prime Mover "Ho-Fu"
-Type 94 4 t Prime Mover "Yo-Ke"
-Type 98 4 t Prime Mover "Shi-Ke"
-Type 96 AA Gun Prime Mover
-Type 98 20 mm AA Machine Cannon Carrier
-Type 98 Half-tracked Prime Mover "Ko-Hi"
-Type 98 20 mm AA Half-Track Vehicle
-Experimental Heavy Gun Tractor Chi-Ke
-Experimental Crawler Truck
-T G Experimental Crawler Truck
-Fordson Prime Mover
-Pavessi Gun Tractor
-50 hp Gun Tractor
-Komatsu 3 ton Tractor
-Light Prime Mover
-Clarton Prime Mover
-Holt 30

Japan ww2 Staff cars
-Toyota AA/AB/AC
-Type 93 6/4-Wheeled Passenger Car
-Type 95 Passenger Car "Kurogane"
-Type 98 Passenger Car
-Model 97 Nissan Staff Car, Nissan 70

Japan ww2 Motorcycles
-Rikuo Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 97 Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 93 side car

Japan ww2 Misc.
-Type 94 Ambulance
-Type 94 Repair Vehicle

Cold War