GMC CCKW 2-1/2 Ton 6x6 Cargo Truck

USA USA (1941-45) - Utility Truck (Medium) - 572,000 built
Probably the most commonplace truck of allied armies in WW2: The GMC 353 (and its shorte wheelbase variant the 352) has been nicknamed on the field "Jimmy", "Deuce and a Half" among others. It formed the mobile bulk of the famous Red Ball Express, the lifeline keeping the Allied armies roll during their big push after the Normandy breakout, streight to the Rhein and beyond. It was called G-508 for the US Army Ordnance and was the most prolific off-road medium/heavy truck of the allies, declined into at least 50 variants and more sub-variants. The LWB CCKW 353 6x6 truck is by far the best known, pretty much standardized truck manufactured in the US from 1941 to 1945. It still was in service in the Korean War and Vietnam before joining the National guard while thousand more surplus were adopted by numerous armies around the world, making one of the most common non-Soviet truck in service in the early cold war. Largely distributed to the allies during WW2 it also became one of the trusted utility vehicles inside NATO in the 1950s.

GMC 353 of the red ball express in the mud
GMC 353 of the red ball express in the mud. The beast of burden of the US Army and the supply line that liberated Europe.

Origin & development

In 1939-1940 the US Army Ordnance Corps worked on a standard design, for a medium truck of the ​2 1/2-ton class (2,268 kg). It was a 6×6 tactical truck intended to operate off-road and in all weather. General Motors was already supplying the 1939 4x4 ACKWX initially ordered by the French Army and proposed its modified, englarged CCKW. This new General Motors design was chosen by the Army. The first vehicles rolled off the line in early 1941, so many were available already when the US went at war in december.

2.4 million trucks were purchased and used in overall total by the U.S. Army until orders stopped by December 1945. Of these, 812,000 or about one third of the total were the ​2-1/2-ton truck, quite an achivement for a single model, hence why it became the "beast fof burden" of the US Army. General Motors total production for the CCKW and all its variants (like the amphibian DUKW) reached 572,500 units total, 1/4 of the total truck production. Therefore total production approached the mighty jeep. Still, 150,000 units were of the 1⁄2-ton, 4x4 Chevrolet G506, built in the same factory.

GMC-353-towing-Cal50-mobile-trailer_Veterantræf_DK

The CCKW came in many variants, including open or closed cab, long wheelbase (LWB) CCKW-353 and short (SWB) CCKW-352, and over a score of specialized models, but the bulk were standard, general purpose, cargo models. A large minority were built with a front mounted winch, and one in four of the cabs had a machine-gun mounting ring above the co-driver's position. It was unarmed, except for about 1/4 of the production: A ring-mounted machine gun, commonly the cal.50 M1920 "Ma Deuce" or the less common M1919A4. Of course the drivers were armed with their own service pistol and often M1 carbines. Their vehicles of course were unarmoured as they were not expected to ecounter any resistance, going from depot areas near the coast to the frontline.

Design

The GMC CCKW began to be phased out, once the M35 series trucks were first deployed in the 1950s, but remained in active U.S. service until the mid-1960s. Eventually, the M35 series, originally developed by REO Motors, succeeded the CCKW as the U.S. Army's standard ​2 1⁄2-ton, 6x6 cargo truck.

Engine

The CCKW conception rested on the GMC 270 engine. It was an overhead valve inline six cyclinder, rated for 91.5 hp (68.2 kW), but also 104 hp (78 kW) at 2750rpm on its variant. It was capable of 216 pound-feet (293 N⋅m) of torque at 1400rpm. The cylinders had a 25/32 in (96 mm) bore for 4 in (102 mm) stroke for a total of 269.5 cu in (4.4 L) of displacement. It ran on gasoline and was designed for commercial trucks, not on military grade specs, but nevertheless, it proved reliable in service.

It was coupled with a Warner T93 5-speed transmission and its gearbox counted a 4th gear and had an overdrive 5th gear. The transfer case comprised high and low gears engaging the front axle of a classic way. As designed, these axles were of the Timken split type. But as production went on, the GM "banjo" type was used on most models.

GMC-353 on the Ledo supply road, now Burma in 1945
GMC-353 on the Ledo supply road, now Burma in 1945 (NARA)

Chassis and construction

The HMC-353 had a chassis of the classic ladder frame type. It had three driven beam axles. The front axe was suspended by leaf springs, the rear tandem also by leaf springs but with locating arms. The chassos came in two wheelbases:
-"short" Model 352 which had a 145 in (368 cm) wheelbase* so a limited cargo bed, just to carry ammunitions and towing the 75 mm or 105 mm howitzers.
-"Long" Model 353. It had a 164 in (417 cm) wheelbase. This was the standard cargo truck, not a prime mover, the most produced.
*Measurements are from the centerline of the front axle to the centerline of rear bogie

The eight roadwheels had tires were 7.50-20, four paired ones at the back, and two simple ones at the front for steering. They were fitted with hydraulic brakes using vacuum. The only proper military grades equipments fitted were some tooling, blakout driving lights, army towing hook, foldable banks for the troop carrier, plus supports for armament in some versions. But the most characteristic was a 10,000 lb (4,500 kg) front-mounted winch with 300 pounds (140 kg) of traction, 14 inches (36 cm) wide. Some vehicles also had an open cab chassis, developed in early 1944, and armed with a potent heavy machine gun. There was also a special variant cut in half behind the cab for air transport and each half was a load. When landed, these halves were bolted together. The standard cargo version had a rear utility bed originally entirely built in steel. However due to strategic material management steel was rationed, and all-wooden beds were manufactured, which were highly unastisfactory. Therefore a "composite", with the base and framing in steel and wooden sides was manufactured, but it still was not satisfactory and at the end of the war, as steel rationing was lifted, it was made in steel again. These standard cargo models had beds with fixed sides, drop tailgate, and folding troop seats which allowed the vehicles to be quickly adapted from troop carrier to cargo carrier.

Variants & production

Production

Total Production of the 2 1⁄2-ton 6×6 Cargo truck CCKW: ~572,500. The GMC nomenclatured defined this acronym according to the following: "C", designed in 1941, "C", conventional cab, "K", all-wheel drive and "W", dual rear axles. Production sites were GM'S Yellow Truck and Coach division's Pontiac, (Michigan) which also produced the 6×4 CCWs. During the war, they were also delivered by the GM's St. Louis, Missouri Chevrolet plant.

Mechanic-Fort_Knox_school
Mechanic at the Fort Knox school

Includes:
  • CCKW proper: ~518,000
  • LWB CCKW-353: ~464,000
  • SWB CCKW-352: ~54,000
  • non-CCKW variants ~54,500
  • 1939 ACKWX: 2,466 units
  • C.O.E. AFKWX: 7,235 units
  • 6×4 CCW-353: 23,649 units
  • DUKW amphib: 21,147 units


Open cab
CCKW Open cab variant

CCKW Variants

The main obvious were the long wheelbase (LWB) common truck GMC-353, and the short wheelbase (SWB) GMC-352 prime mover of the US Army.
Initially, both used a modified commercial closed cab design (modified to military grade) with a metal roof and doors, called "close cab". By 1944 a cheaper and simplified open cab version was developed. It used a canvas roof and doors. It also allowed the vehicles to be air-transportable and allowed to pass under low bridges or obstacles and modulate the shipping height. Of fourth of these open cab versions had a machine gun mounting ring, above the co-driver's position. It was armed generally with a M1920 Browning HMG. It was primarly used for AA defense but was found handy in rare encounters with ambusing troops operating in rear lines.

GMC_2_Half-ton_6x6_Truck

The CCKW rear bed was a utility platform that can be tailored for a wide range of bodies and payloads filling all U.S. Army needs on the field.
  • CCKW 352 LWB Closed cab
  • CCKW 353 LWB Open cab (1944)
  • SWB Closed/Open cab
  • 12 ft (3.7 m) cargo (most common). Open bed with tarpaulin, steel, wooden or composite.
  • Standard Enclosed Van: Communication, HQ vehicle, Ambulance, field hospital, Workshop, POW transport.
  • Air compressor
  • CCKW-353-B2 AA (M45 Maxon Mount)
  • Bomb service
  • Chemical decontaminating
  • Chemical handling
  • Dental operating van
  • Dump truck
  • Fire engine
  • Fuel & gas tankers (750 US gal (2,800 l))
  • Fuel & oil handling (660 US gal (2,500 l)), (750 US gal (2,800 l))
  • High lift
  • K-53 radio equip. van
  • K-60 radio equip. van
  • Map reproduction van
  • Ordnance maintenance van
  • Pipeline equipment
  • Ponton bolster
  • Semi-trailer tractor[24]
  • Shop equipment GP repair van
  • Surgical van
  • Water purification van
  • Water tanker (700 US gal (2,600 l))
  • Welder's truck


GMC 353 with air compressor unit
GMC-353 with air compressor unit
GMC-353 with Crane in hatzerim, Israel
GMC-353 with Crane in hatzerim, Israel
GMC-353-FuelTruck-2012_Eurosatory
GMC-353D Fuel Truck in 2012, Eurosatory
Open-cab-recovery
Open cab recovery truck
GMC-353-POW-Cab-2
POW Cab
POW cab
POW Cab
GMC_CCKW-353_communication_shelter
GMC_CCKW-353_communication_shelter
GMC_CCKW-TC-camonet
GMC_CCKW-TC-camonet
GMC_CCKW_750_Gas_Tanker
GMC_CCKW_750_Gas_Tanker
K-53_shop_van
K-53 workshop van
War&Peace_GMC_fuel_truck
War and Peace GMC fuel truck

Other Variants

These were not based on the standard CCKW and will be (or already had been) treated in separate posts.

ACK-353 (circa 3,500)

gmc_ack353

The ACK-353 (A for 1939 design, C for conventional cab, K for all wheel drive) was also called the ​1 1⁄2-ton 4×4 truck in ordnance. It was derived from the 6x6 ACKWX, predecessor of the Chevrolet G506. Its equivalents were the Dodge/Fargo T-203 and VF-400 series, an attempt at a lucrative contract for a standard World War II 4x4 cargo trucks in the 1-1⁄2-ton 4×4 category (which Dodge won).

The ACK-353 had the new 1939 GMC 248 engine using an overhead valve, and low-deck inline-six cylinder (3-23/32-inches (94 mm) bore, 3-13/16 inches (97 mm) stroke, 248 cu in (4.1 L) displacement. This engine was rated for 77 brake horsepower (57 kW) and transmission used a four-speed manual gearbox combined with a two-speed transfer-case on front axle for all-wheel drive operations. It used a 157-3/4 inches (401 cm) wheelbase, while the truck itself mreasured 256 in (650 cm) long, 90 in (229 cm) wide, 117 in (297 cm) in height, 89 in (226 cm) with rear top bows folded. Its tires were 7.50-20, front and rear, six in all, doubled on the rear axle. Weight was 7,532 lb (3,416 kg) in working order. Its front hubs were designed to allow the fitting of a dual wheels to deal with snow and mud. It existed in closed cab configuration, fitted with a steel bed GS body, with fixed sides, troop seats. They were designed originally to meet a French contract for ten thousands. The bulk of the production ended in British Army from June 1940, after 2,000 units has been effectively delivered to the French in early 1940, which were captured by the Wehrmacht and well appreciated for their reliability and off-road characteristics on the Eastern front.

ACKWX-353 (2,466 made)

ACKWX-353

The ACKWX acronym stands for (A: 1939 design, C: conventional cab, K: all wheel drive, W: tandem rear axles, X: non-standard chassis). It was a three-ton 6x6 truck and direct predecessor of the the CCKW. It was given the with the same 77 brake horsepower (57 kW) drivetrain as the ACK but it was heavier at 9,856 lb (4,471 kg) of 264 in (6,71 m) long, 94.5 in (2,40 m) wide, and 118 in (3 m) tall or 90 inches (2,29 m) on the cab's roof. It was the "short nose" GMC 6x6 truck. About 1,000 were ordered by France in 1939, but delays in completion and shipping meant like the 4×4 ACK trucks most of the order was diverted to Britain in June-July 1940. The British did not liked them, due to their long wheelbase and underpowered, and they were shipped bia lend-lease to Russia instead after the summer of 1941. In overall, 2,466 ACKWX trucks were delivered, only a few -of any- used by the US Forces and British forces.

AFKWX-353 (7,235 made)

War and Peace AFKWX July 2011

The AFKWX (The "F" stood for forward cab) had a cab over engine configuration, and longer cargo bed than the CCKW. It was developed from 1942 and went into production alongside the regular CCKW at Yellow's Pontiac plant and Chevrolet's St. Louis plant. Mechanically it was the same, but with a compact cabin "over" the engine allowed. This freed aft spave, enough to manage a 15 ft (4.57 m) up to 17 ft (5.18 m) cargo bed. The first 50 produced had closed cabs, but for design simplifaction, all the remainder of the production had open cabs. No front-mounted winch was ever mounted on this version, and mechanics often complained about its engine location for maintenance, which was difficult. The type was not as successful as only 7,235 were built, condiderable numbers, but still a pinprick compared to the main CCKW production. Of these, 2,232 units had the "short" 15 feets body, and 5,000 had the "long" 17 feet cargo bed. It seems almost all were used by the US Army.

CCW-353 (118,000 made)

CCW-353

This vehicle had almost the same acronym, because it was basically the same truck, but deprived of off-road capabilities as its front-wheel drive was deleted for simplification. It was the official purely on-road truck, re-rated for 5-ton rated, and 6×4. Only its beam front axle was used for steering, with a transfer case locked in high range. As it was cheaper than the regular CCKW, the CCW saw a considerable productio, reaching circa 118,000 vehicles in 1943, called the 2-1/2-ton, 6x4 truck in the inventory. GMC made only 23,649 of these, completed by other manufacturers. These trucks also had no fron winch and the bulk of the production was made in 1942.

DUKW (21,147 made)

DUKW_US_ordnance_identif

This famous version had a heavily modified hull wrapped around the chassis, which was made amphibious. The GMC DUKW or "duck" became the proverbial allied amphibious truck of WW2, able to carry large supplies from shore to shore or cross large rivers. Together with the numerous armoured LVTs they proved instrumental in the pacific ans the crossing of the Rhine in Jan-Feb. 1945 as well. Due to their lack of protection they were often used in the second or third wave. They were used by all the allies, including Soviet forces, and were considered the most succesful softskin amphibious vehicles of the allies, especially when compared to the infamous Ford "Seep".





GMC-353-Crossing_the_38th_parallel_UN_withdraw_from_Pyongyang
GMC-353 Crossing the 38th parallel, during the UN withdraw from Pyongyang

Notes

Boniface, Jean-Michel; Jeudy, Jean-Gabriel (1990). GMC 6x6 & DUKW: A Universal Truck. Foulis/Haynes.
Chief of Ordnance Office; Military Vehicle Preservation Association, eds. (2010). Summary Report of Acceptances, Tank-Automotive Materiel, 1940-1945 (Revision). Detroit: U.S. Army Service Forces (Pub.1945)
Colley, David P. (2000). The Road to Victory: The Untold Story of World War II's Red Ball Express. Potomac Books.
Crismon, Fred W (2001). US Military Wheeled Vehicles (3 ed.). Victory WWII Pub.
Doyle, David (2003). Standard catalog of U.S. Military Vehicles. Krause Publications.
Doyle, David (2010). 2½-ton Truck. Squadron/Signal.
Ware, Pat (2010). The World Encyclopedia of Military Vehicles. Lorenz Books.
Whitlock, Flint (2004). The Fighting First: The Untold Story of the Big Red One on D-Day.


GMC-353-Civ-service-Ouwerkerk_Watersnoodmuseum

Links

TM 9-801 2½-ton 6×6 GMC CCKW. US War Dept. 1944.
TM 9-2800 Standard Military Motor Vehicles. US War Dept. 1943.
TM 9-2800 Military Vehicles (PDF). US Dept. of the Army. 1947. ww2cckw.org/
US army transportation museum
Same, about the Red Ball Express
The GMC 353 on olive drab
Various blueprints of the type
US Veterans Memorial
The GMC 353 on wikipedia

Model kits


All model kits via scalemates search engine
GMC 353

Basic HMC-353 2-1/2 ton utility truck. Standard dump truck with reinforcements and M2HB 0.5 M1920 browning HMG ring mount. Protection framing is not mounted.

GMC 353
CCKW CCKW 353 standard 2-1/2 ton standad dump truck with bedframes mounted, WAC HQ, 1943

CCKW H1
CCKW H1, standard open cab dump truck

CCKW 353 Torpedo
CCKW 353 Torpedo (open cab), 45th Quartermaster Company, 45th Infantry Division in Sicily - Op. Husky 1943

GMC 353 winter 1944
GMC 353 CCKW, Battle of the bulge, winter 1944

GMC 353
GMC 353 with Maxston mount (to come)

GMC 353
GMC 353 with Bofors 40 mm (to come)

Variants

CCKW 353D
CCKW 353D Fuel truck

GMC 353 K53 shelter
CCKW 353 K53 Radio Shelter Truck, HQ Co. 1st Infantry Division, Germany March 1945

GMC 353 ST6
CCKW 353 ST6, Shelter Truck 6, workshop truck

GMC 353 st6
Service Truck, N°7 Crane, extended fwd winch

GMC AFWX 354, 3-ton 6x4
GMC AFWX 354, 3-ton 6x4 truck

GMC 353
GMC ACKWX 353 3-ton 6x6 truck

GMC 352
Regular US army closed cab GMC 352

GMC 353
US army open cab GMC 352

Russian GMC 352
Soviet lend-lease GMC 352

GMC 353
Soviet lend-lease GMC 352, winter northen front 1943-44

GMC 353
Soviet lend-lease GMC 352, Katiusha conversion, 1944

Photo gallery

GMC-353-Opencab-May_2012-parade
GMC-353-Opencab-May_2012-parade
GMC-353-Open cab winch
GMC-353-Open cab winch
GMC-Trucks-Defile_van_de_KMA_in_Middelburg
GMC-Trucks-Defile_van_de_KMA_in_Middelburg
GMC-trucks_Holland-1956
GMC-trucks_Holland-1956
GMC-127 Kolwezi 1978
GMC-127 Kolwezi 1978
GMC353-Africa-NSO-902
GMC353-Africa-NSO-902
GMC353-OpenCab-Aldham_Old_Time_Rally_2015
GMC353-OpenCab-Aldham_Old_Time_Rally_2015
GMC_Airportable-chassis
GMC_Airportable-chassis
GMC_CCKW_1941_closed_cab_LWB_Planes_of_Fame_Air_Museum
GMC_CCKW_1941_closed_cab_LWB_Planes_of_Fame_Air_Museum
GMC_CCKW_352_towingrope-open-bed
GMC_CCKW_352_towingrope-open-bed
GMC_CCKW_353_Troop-Carrier-FFL-Nimes
GMC_CCKW_353_Troop-Carrier-FFL-Nimes
GMC_CCKW_tractor-at_the_Overloon_War_Museum
GMC_CCKW_tractor-at_the_Overloon_War_Museum
GMC_opencab-SWB-towing-hoodno
GMC_opencab-SWB-towing-hoodno
GMC_truck_National-Guard-reserve
GMC_truck_National-Guard-reserve
preserved-GMC_353
preserved-GMC_353
rear-GMC-Truck
rear-GMC-Truck
Red_Ball_Express_-_Jerricans_depot
Red_Ball_Express_-_Jerricans_depot
Supplying_Allied_Forces_After_D_Day_July_1944_GMC-trucks
Supplying_Allied_Forces_After_D_Day_July_1944_GMC-trucks
USS_LST-449_GMC-truck-November_1943Bougainville
USS_LST-449_GMC-truck-November_1943Bougainville
USS_LST-937-GMC-truck-Labuan-Island-Borneo-June1945
USS_LST-937-GMC-truck-Labuan-Island-Borneo-June1945
Warsaw_GMC_NAC_1946
Warsaw GMC NAC 1946

Interior and details

GMC_CCKW_cab-interior
GMC_CCKW_cab-interior
GMC_CCKW_detail-front-axle
GMC_CCKW_detail-front-axle
GMC_CCKW_detail-Rear-axle
GMC_CCKW_detail-Rear-axle

WW1 Vehicles

British ww2 WWI trucks
FR: Berliet CBA, Berliet Type M, Châtillon-Panhard, Latil TAR, Panhard-Genty 24 HP, Renault EG

allied ww2 Allied ww2 Vehicles

British ww2 British Vehicles
-AEC Armoured Command Vehicle (415)
-AEC Matador
-Albion CX22S
-Albion FT15N
-Albion WD.CX24
-Austin K2/Y Ambulance
-Austin K3
-Austin K4
-Austin K4 Dropside
-Austin K5
-Austin K6 GS
-Austin K6 Gantry
-Bedford MW
-Bedford OXA Armoured
-Bedford OXC Semi-trailer
-Bedford OXD GS
-Bedford OYC Tanker
-Bedford OYD GS
-Bedford QL series (QLD, QLR/QLC QLT TC)
-CMP FAT
-CMP Truck
-Commer Q2
-Crossley Q-Type
-Diamond T tank transporter
-Guy Quad-Ant FAT
-Guy Lizard ACV
-Humber FWD
-Karrier KT4
-Karrier K6
-Leyland Hippo Mk I/II
-Leyland Lynx
-Leyland Retriever
-Mack EXBX
-Morris 15cwt
-Morris CDSW
-Morris ML Ambulance
-Morris C8 GS/FAT
-Morris Commercial CD series
-Morris Commercial CS8
-Morris C9
-Morris GS Terrapin
-Morris PU
-Scammell Pioneer SV1S/SV2S
-Thornycroft Hathi (1924)
-Thornycroft Nubian
-Thornycroft Tartar
French ww2 French Vehicles
-Berliet DGRA
-Berliet GDC
-Berliet GDM
-Berliet VDCA
-Berliet 30
-Bernard fuel carrier
-Citroën Kégresse P14 .
-Citroën Kégresse P17
-Citroën Kégresse P19
-Citroën Type 23
-Citroën 32U
-Citroën T45
-ELMAG
-Fiat France 38R
-Ford France
-Hotchkiss PKW Type 680
-Hotchkiss 686
-Hotchkiss 686 PNA
-Isobloc W843M medical bus
-Laffly S15R
-Laffly S15T
-Laffly V15T
-Laffly V15R
-Laffly W15T/R
-Laffly 20TL
-Latil TAR H2
-Latil M2Tl6
-Matford F917
-Panhard K113
-Panhard K113
-Peugeot 202
-Peugeot 402
-Peugeot DMA
-Peugeot DK
-Peugeot DK5
-Renault AHS
-Renault AHN
-Renault AHR
-Renault AGC
-Renault ADK
-Renault ADH
-Renault AHSs
-Saurer type 3CT
-Simca 5 staff car
-Simca 8 staff car
-Somua MCL
-Somua MCG
-Talbot staff car
-Unic TU1
-Unic P107
-Trippel SG6
-Willeme DU10
Soviet ww2 Soviet Trucks
-BZ-38
-GAZ AA M1927 M1932 M1941
-GAZ–MM
-GAZ AAA M1937
-GAZ AAA M1940
-GAZ-60
-GAZ-65
-Ford Marmon HH6 Katiusha
-SU-1-12
-SU-4
-SU C-6
-SU-12
-Yag-6
-Yag-10
-Yag-10 SPG
-ZIS-5/V/BZ
-ZIS-6
-ZIS-12
-ZIS-22M HT
-ZIS-33 HT
-ZIS 41 HT
-ZIS 42M HT
-FN-Kégresse T3

Soviet staff cars
-GAZ A
-GAZ M1 "Emka"
-GAZ 11-73
-GAZ 61-73
-GAZ 67 Amphibious armoured cars
-PB-4
-PB-7
-BAD-2
US ww2 US Trucks
-Ford B3000 S
-Ford V3000S
-Ford V3000A,
-Ford BB
-Ford V8-51
-Ford m1931
-Ford V8 M1937
-T1E1(M1) half-track
-T5 half-track
-T7 half-track
-T9 half-track
-G8T 2-1/2 ton 4x2 Truck
-International B2
-International model 1937
-Chevrolet m1931
-Chevrolet m1936
-Chevrolet G-506 ​1 1⁄2-ton 4x4
-Chevrolet G-7107 4-1/2 ton 4x4
-Chevrolet 3116 1-1/2 ton 4x2
-Studebaker US6x4 U7
-Studebaker US6x4 U-6
-Studebaker US6x6 U-5 6x4
-Studebaker US6 U4 bz35S 2-1/2 ton 6x6 truck
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Ambulance
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Carry-all
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton (Radio) Command Reconnaissance
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Truck, Closed Cab
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Truck, Open Cab
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton (Radio) Panel Van
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Telephone Service (K50)
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton Truck, Emergency Repair
-Dodge WC-51/52 (3⁄4-ton Trucks, Weapons Carrier)
-Dodge WC-53 (3⁄4-ton Carryall)
-Dodge WC-54/64 (3⁄4-ton Ambulance)
-Dodge WC-55 (3⁄4-ton Truck, M6 Gun Motor Carriage)
-Dodge WC-56/57/58 (3⁄4-ton (Radio) Command Reconnaissance)
-Dodge WC-62/43 (G-507, 11⁄2-ton, 6x6 truck)
-Dodge M6 GMC
-GMC CCKW Cargo Truck
-GMC CCKW 353 2-1/2 Ton Truck
-GMC SWB CCKW-352
-GMC 1939 ACKWX 353 3 ton 6x6 truck
-GMC AFWX-353 3 ton 6x4 truck
-GMC DUKW 353 2-1/2 ton 6x6 truck
-GMC C.O.E. AFKWX
-Diamond T Model 980/981 12-ton 6x4 trucks (G159)
-Diamond T Model 968 4-ton 6x6 truck (G509)
-Diamond T Model 967
-Diamond T Model 970
-Diamond T Model 972
-Diamond M26 Dragon Wagon
-Diamond M19 Tank Transporter
-Diamond T Model 980
-Diamond T 4-ton 6x6 truck
-Autocar U8144T 5/6-ton 4x4 truck
-Brockway/LaFrance 6-ton 6x6 truck, G512, 514, 547, 569
-White/Corbitt 6 ton 6x6 Prime Mover
-Brockway
-Corbitt
-Ward LaFrance
-Four Wheel Drive Auto Company (FWD) SU-COE 5-6 ton 4x4
-White Motor Company
-Inl KR-11 5 ton 4x2 dump truck
-Inl M5-6 318 2-1/2 ton 6x6 swb
-Mack NR15 10-ton 6x4
-Reo 28 XS 10-ton 6x4

US ww2 Small truck/car & Misc.
Bantam Reconnaissance Car
Ford GTB
6x6 Willys 'MT-TUG' ("Super-Jeep")
-Willys MB light truck
-Ford GPA ("Seep")
Buick Century Series 60
1941 Plymouth P11 Staff Car
Ford Fordor 1942 Staff Car
Harley-Davidson WLA motorcycle

Axis ww2 Axis Trucks


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Sd.Kfz 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 were half-tracks designed just before the war as prime movers, to carry supplies, ammunition, personal, and tow artillery. Many were also converted during the war as armored versions carrying AA FLAK guns (Flakvierling, 37 mm, or the legendary 88 mm Rheinmetall als used as tank hunters), or were converted as nebelwerfer (rocket launching armored vehicles). They were built by Hanomag, Steyr, Mercedes-Benz, Bussing and many other manufacturers until 1945, over 20,000 half-tracks.

German ww2 German Military trucks
-Opel Blitz
-Opel Maultier
-Mercedes-Benz L3000
-Magirus A3000
-Krupp Protze Kfz.19
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.68
-Krupp Protze Kfz.69
-Krupp Protze Kfz.70
-Krupp Protze Kfz.81
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.83
-Borgward B 3000
-Skoda Rad Schlepper
-Ost RSO Porsche 175
-Steyr Type 2000A
-Einheits Lkw Kfz.62
-Krupp LKW L3
-Bussing-Nag 4500
-Opel Blitz Omnibus
-Bussing-Nag L
-Mercedes-Benz L1500
-Beute Studebaker
-Krupp L3H
-Hanomag SS-100
-Beute Ford B3000 S, V3000S, V3000A
-Beute Ford model BB
-Beute Ford model V8-51
-Beute Tatra 111

German ww2 German Staff Cars

-Horch 81
-Horch 108
-VW 182 Kübelwagen
-VW Schwimmwagen
-Sd.Kfz.2 Kettenkrad
italy ww2 Italian Military trucks
L. Trucks (Autocarro Leggere)
-Breda-32
-Breda-40
-Breda-41
-ОМ-32 Autocarretta da Montagna
-ОМ-36DM
-Camioneta SPA TL.37
-Camioneta AS.43
-SPA CL39
-SPA ТМ40
-Fiat 618

Med. Trucks (Autocarro Medio)
-Alfa Romeo 430RE
-Alfa Romeo 800RE
-Breda Dovunque-41
-Bianchi Miles
-Ceirano-50СМ
-FIAT-626 NM
-Isotta Fraschini D65
-Isotta Fraschini D80
-SPA Dovunque-35
-SPA Dovunque-41
-SPA AS.37
-SPA-38R
-Autocarro Dovunque SPA 41/42

H. Trucks (Autocarro Gigante)
-FIAT-633NM
-FIAT-634N
-FIAT-666
-Fiat 661
-Lancia Ro
-Lancia 3Ro
-Lancia EsaRo
-ОМ Taurus
-ОМ Titano
-Autocarreta Mod.35
-Autocarri Unificati Ursus

italy ww2 Artillery tractors
-Breda 51
-Breda 52
-Breda 61 (licenced SdKfz-7)
-Fiat-SPA T.L.37
-Pavesi Р4.31 (L140)
-Fiat 727 - half-track artillery tractor
-SPA TM40 - wheeled artillery tractor

italy ww2 Staff Cars -Alfa Romeo 6С2500 Coloniale
-Fiat 508M/CM Ballila
-Fiat 1100 (1937) (Balilla-1100 Coloniale)
-Lancia Aprilia Coloniale
-Bianchi VM 6C
-Fiat 2800 CMC

italy ww2 Motorcycles
-Benelli 500 M36/VLM
-Bianchi Supermil 500
-Gilera 500 LTE
-Moto Guzzi Alce/Trialce
-Volugrafo Aermoto 125
Japan ww2 IJA/IJN ww2 vehicles
-Toyota 4x4 Su-Ki (Amphibious truck)
-Isuzu Type 94 truck
-Type 94 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 95 Mini-truck
-Type 97 4-Wheeled Truck
-Type 1 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 2 Heavy Truck
-Toyota KB/KC Truck
-Nissan 80 Truck
-Nissan 180 Truck
-Amphibious Truck "Su-Ki"

Japan ww2 Tractors
-Type 92 5 t Prime Mover "I-Ke"
-Type 98 6 t Prime Mover "Ro-Ke"
-Type 92 8 t Prime Mover "Ni-Ku"
-Type 95 13 t Prime Mover "Ho-Fu"
-Type 94 4 t Prime Mover "Yo-Ke"
-Type 98 4 t Prime Mover "Shi-Ke"
-Type 96 AA Gun Prime Mover
-Type 98 20 mm AA Machine Cannon Carrier
-Type 98 Half-tracked Prime Mover "Ko-Hi"
-Type 98 20 mm AA Half-Track Vehicle
-Experimental Heavy Gun Tractor Chi-Ke
-Experimental Crawler Truck
-T G Experimental Crawler Truck
-Fordson Prime Mover
-Pavessi Gun Tractor
-50 hp Gun Tractor
-Komatsu 3 ton Tractor
-Light Prime Mover
-Clarton Prime Mover
-Holt 30

Japan ww2 Staff cars
-Toyota AA/AB/AC
-Type 93 6/4-Wheeled Passenger Car
-Type 95 Passenger Car "Kurogane"
-Type 98 Passenger Car
-Model 97 Nissan Staff Car, Nissan 70

Japan ww2 Motorcycles
-Rikuo Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 97 Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 93 side car

Japan ww2 Misc.
-Type 94 Ambulance
-Type 94 Repair Vehicle

Cold War