Dodge D60L T110 4x2 3 ton MCP

USA USA/Canada (1939). (200,000+ built)
Before being known on the military side in WW2, the Dodge T110 was originally a civilian popular model, the Dodge G60L and the militarized version was called T110 by the US Ordnance. Its drivewheel was relocated to the left and it was mainly used by the US Navy. The D60 right drivewheel was mass produced in Canada for the Britsh Army. It became a common tactical truck inside Montgomery's 8th army (the desert rats) and the red army as well via lend-lease. Several versions were declined such as the L5, L12, L14, defining a simple or dual rear axle, nob type or a gearbox two speed reduction on the rear drive.

The art deco wonder

A 1939 Pickup

Adfter is 1928 Power Wagon success, which lasted for ten years, Dodge wabnted a replacement and created an instant classic. For 1939, a striking, modern design was issued with a furiously art deco hpoood and wings and the rest mechanically except updated drivetrains was brand new and specific. Dodge also offered many body variants. The streamlined styling was a requirement since 1936 ans ended with the 'Job-Rated' Dodge trucks representative of the new 'Streamline Moderne' Art Deco aerodynamic design idnetifying the brand, with elongated horizontal lines and curving shapes for sleekness.

These new all-steel cabs had a front-end design, barrel-shaped base, V-shaped grille and elongated crowned front, rear fenders with embossed "speed lines" or a sloped and two-piece windshield that could be opened. Headlamps were still free-standing but profile bullet-shaped pods. Only the heavy-duty were taller with larger wheels and tires for better off-road caracteristic and reinforced leaf spring suspensions. This styling only changed in 1940 when sealed-beam headlamps and marker lights in their housing were added. But the rest of changes were very minimal and the grille design slighlty modified in 1941, stuck until 1947 but for the lower chrome strips omitted post war.

The "Job-Rated" models from which derived the military verisons had stronger frames with high tensile steel and extended frame-rails past the engine to mount larger channel-type bumpers. After WW2 reliability returns indicated a few ore changed to the chassis and mechanics, in light of a punishing military service, with stronger differentials, larger axle shafts, stronger steering boxes.

If Dodge advertised 175 basic chassis, seven engine, optional clutches, transmissions, axles, gear ratios, springs, tires and brakes, this was all rationalized for war production in 1941 as General Motors introduced new standard trucks to be manufactured by Chevrolet and GMC.

US Army 4x4 Variant



Dodge already sold to the US army a four-wheel drive truck in 1934 and started to develop a 1+1⁄2-ton model, some 1,700 RF-40-X-4(USA) being supplied to the US Military in 1938, and in 1939, some 292 TF-40-X-4. By 1940, Dodge won a new Army contract for a new 1⁄2-ton 4×4 truck using as many commercial parts as poissble and based on the VC-Series. This became the T-202 series, in 1941 the T-207 series trucks. In the end a 3⁄4-ton model was develop with a 230-cubic-inch engine rated for 92 hp built from 1942. This main military seriue was called the Dodge WC series. But this would lead to a separate article entirely.

The US T110 and Canadian D60

Differences in detail

Originally manufactured in the US for civilian purposes, this truck has been adapted to British military specifications and manufactured in Canada for it. T110 at large and D60 for Dodge 60CWT. Numerous differences exist between the two versions, like the left hand drive (T110), Right hand on D60. The American truck also keeps its civilian instrument panel while the D60 uses a simplified militarized one. The T110 also had only one gas tank, while the Canadian one has two. The T110 also has one speed epicycloid axle, and the Canadian a two speeds Eaton axle. The Canadian D60 also has a front push bar, bumper hooks, forward wings tubular lights and rear the rear axle blackout light. So to summarize, the Canadian version was certainly a better militarizes version than the original US T110, in many ways a civilian version with olive drab. Th engineering code T-110 was given to the short 136 in (3,500 mm) or the long 160 in (4.1 m) wheelbase.

Production

The Canadian production of truck was remarkable in WW2 and immensely helped the war effort: Chrysler Canada built no less than 180,000 Dodge military trucks from 1939 to 1945, most on the "CMP pattern"; with a straightforward same naming convention: The three-quarters were 3-ton models. Dodges went with the standardized Ford/Chevy cab for streamlining the process, but they had their own hoods and engines.

All in all, 124,961, or 91% of the 3-ton trucks with a CMP-type name-code and a total of 156,829 (or 87%) of Canada's Dodge trucks received a CMP type-code. The grand total was 180,816. Later into the war, an even more rugged variants was developed as the Dodge T-234 "China/Burma" truck produced to 15,000 from 1944 to 1946. They became fairly common in China with the KMT during the 1948-49 civil war. The T110 was also built by Fargo.

Main Variants

The T110 60 cwt (3-ton) types had the engineering codes T110L-S, T110L-3, T110L-4, and T110L-14: Not D60 strickly speaking.

The D3/4 APT (for 'Air Portable') used the U.S. Dodge WC-52 basis but with a 25 in (64 cm) long engine-block 92+1⁄2 bhp (69.0 kW). 5,000 were 6 ft 11+1⁄8 in (2.11 m) wide and the second serie of 6,750 were narrower at 6 ft 5+1⁄8 in (1.96 m) wide. Unlike the T110 they had a winch 2M1A/2M2A depending on the batch.

General design


Blueprint by MC Bell, 1981 (cc)

All regular Dodge cabs had right hand drive except for the Canadian domestic use. There was a gunner's hatch in the roof for light LMG such as the Bren, and in US service a BAR for example, although of needed a M1919A4 could be placed also, without pintle. Initial production D60 vehicles were given 8.25x20 tires, dual rear wheels, later switched over for the CMP specification 10.50x16 size tyres. Axles with single rear wheels had them as well as those afitted with British pattern rear bodies. The Soviet Union obtained some 1.700 3-ton Dodges. The Germans also captured some Dodge D60Ls as shown in photos.

The Operator/technical manuals mirrored the Ford and GM CMP manuals. The bulk of the production was of two-wheel drive truck with a high and low-range rear axle. 3,000 Dodge WC-1 (T-207) were used for the initial 8CWT 4x4 D8A. 11,750 units among the 3/4 APT ('Air Portable' T-236) 3⁄4‑ton WC-52 had four-wheel drive. The Dodge T110 payload is 1.5 tons. The flatbed was more or less long or reinforced depending of the simple or dual rear axle.
  • Lenght: Depending on the LWB or SWB
  • Weight:
  • Payload:
  • Tyres: 10.50 x 16

Propulsion & Performances




The Dodge T110 was powered by a 6-cylinder in-line gasoline engine. It was coupled with a four planetary crankshaft, a chain-driven side camshaft, while developing 95 hp at 3600 rpm. It was mated to a 4-speed gearbox. Brakes of the drum type were hydraulically operated with vacuum servo. Top speed was an honorable 90 km/h, light, on flat.

The 3/4 ton WC series had the T214 engine, the 6×6 the T223 engine and the Dodge T110 the T110 engine, one inch longer with an ignition system piloted by a vacuum device, and different carburator.
  • Power : 95 hp at 3,600 rpm
  • Max torque: 1,200 rpm/mn
  • Normal compression starter: 8.75 to 9.45 kgs/cm2
  • Bore : 87,31 mm
  • Stroke : 107,94 mm
  • Bottom mounted camshaft, chain driven
  • Crankshaft : 4 bearings
  • Disc clutch
  • Gear box : 4 front, 1 rear

Services and perks

The Dodge T110 was moslty used as said above by allies of the US, the British Army in particular, from the desert to the early Italian campaign. Some were captured by Axis forced early into the war. The Free French and Foreign Legion also obtained some and converted about 20-30 vehicles as armoured portee trucks with a small QF gun or various payloads. This truck became a movie star in the 1953 famous French movie directed by Henri Georges Clouzot “The wages of Fear”. This was a Canadian military Dodge T110 D60 L12.

The Tanaké (one currently displayed at the Damascus Military Museum) was originally created by Capitaine Bicht's team in Syria already before WWII, for service in middle east mandated areas such as Syria. About 30 were so converted, keeping the forward part unchanged, but with the engine compartment receivined inner armour in the body panels, armored "shutters" on the windshield, and a cargo area completely modified with a new armour body. Some had a simple personel body and gun mounts for a 37mm/47mm cannon. Outside the Free Foreign Legion before the war they were reused by both Vichy and Free French units in 1941-43 and after the war, they passed on to the Syrian government, even seeing service in the 1948 war. This was the only armoured adaptation of the Dodge T110.

Read More/src

www.milinfo.org
univem-paris.com
guide-automobiles-anciennes.com
On warthunder.com
Canadian patterns on silverhawkauthor.com
On panzerserra.blogspot.com
On imcdb.org
On mapleleafup.net
Body variants T110
Canadian_Military_Pattern_truck
Dodge T-, V-, W-Series
More photos

Illustrations

T110 LWB 160
T110 CMP LWB 160" long wheelbase

T110 SWB 136 wheelbase
T110 SWB 136" short wheelbase


T110 in Soviet service, winter paint


French Dodge Tanaké, Syria 1941 (More to come)

Photos


D60 4x6 Dump truck















Videos

WW1 Vehicles

British ww2 WWI trucks
UK: LGOC B-type troop Bus, Mack AC, Pierce-Arrow, BSA 14/18 hp-20/25 hp, BSA 13.9 h.p, Lanchester staff Car, Thornycroft J, Maudslay Lorry, AEC Y Type, Foster-Daimler Tractor, Motorc. Triumph H
US: Holt tractor, Liberty Truck (Bethlehem, Brockway, Diamond T, Gardford, Gramm-Berstein, Indiana, Kelly-Springfield, Packard, Pierce-Arrow, Republic, Selden, SMTC, Sterling, USMTC, Velie), Dart, Lafrance, Cadillac, Ricker, Spruce log truck, Dodge M1918 Light Repair truck

FR: Berliet CBA, Berliet Type M, Châtillon-Panhard, Panhard K11, Latil TAR, Panhard-Genty 24 HP, Renault EG
(More to come)

allied ww2 Allied ww2 Vehicles

British ww2 British Vehicles
-AEC Armoured Command Vehicle (415)
-AEC Matador
-Albion CX22S
-Albion FT15N
-Albion WD.CX24
-Austin K2/Y Ambulance
-Austin K3
-Austin K4
-Austin K4 Dropside
-Austin K5
-Austin K6 GS
-Austin K6 Gantry
-Bedford MW
-Bedford OXA Armoured
-Bedford OXC Semi-trailer
-Bedford OXD GS
-Bedford OYC Tanker
-Bedford OYD GS
-Bedford QL series (QLD, QLR/QLC QLT TC)
-CMP FAT
-CMP Truck
-Commer Q2
-Crossley Q-Type
-Diamond T tank transporter
-Guy Quad-Ant FAT
-Guy Lizard ACV
-Humber FWD
-Karrier KT4
-Karrier K6
-Leyland Hippo Mk I/II
-Leyland Lynx
-Leyland Retriever
-Mack EXBX
-Morris 15cwt
-Morris CDSW
-Morris ML Ambulance
-Morris C8 GS/FAT
-Morris Commercial CD series
-Morris Commercial CS8
-Morris C9
-Morris GS Terrapin
-Morris PU
-Scammell Pioneer SV1S/SV2S
-Thornycroft Hathi (1924)
-Thornycroft Nubian
-Thornycroft Tartar
French ww2 French Vehicles
-Berliet DGRA
-Berliet GDC
-Berliet GDM
-Berliet VDCA
-Berliet 30
-Bernard fuel carrier
-Citroën Kégresse P14 .
-Citroën Kégresse P17
-Citroën Kégresse P19
-Citroën Type 23
-Citroën 32U
-Citroën T45
-ELMAG
-Fiat France 38R
-Ford France
-Hotchkiss PKW Type 680
-Hotchkiss 686
-Hotchkiss 686 PNA
-Isobloc W843M medical bus
-Laffly S15R
-Laffly S15T
-Laffly V15T
-Laffly V15R
-Laffly W15T/R
-Laffly 20TL
-Laffly 25
-Laffly 45
-Latil TAR H2
-Latil M2Tl6
-Matford F917
-Panhard K113 Truck
-Panhard K125 Truck/Bus
-Peugeot 202
-Peugeot 402
-Peugeot DMA
-Peugeot DK
-Peugeot DK5
-Renault AHS
-Renault AHN
-Renault AHR
-Renault AGC
-Renault ADK
-Renault ADH
-Renault AHSs
-Saurer type 3CT
-Simca 5 staff car
-Simca 8 staff car
-Somua MCL
-Somua MCG
-Talbot staff car
-Unic TU1
-Unic P107
-Trippel SG6
-Willeme DU10
Soviet ww2 Soviet Trucks
-BZ-38
-GAZ AA M1927 M1932 M1941
-GAZ–MM
-GAZ AAA M1937
-GAZ AAA M1940
-GAZ-60
-GAZ-65
-Ford Marmon HH6 Katiusha
-SU-1-12
-SU-4
-SU C-6
-SU-12
-Yag-6
-Yag-10
-Yag-10 SPG
-ZIS-5/V/BZ
-ZIS-6
-ZIS-12
-ZIS-22M HT
-ZIS-33 HT
-ZIS 41 HT
-ZIS 42M HT
-FN-Kégresse T3

Soviet staff cars
-GAZ A
-GAZ M1 "Emka"
-GAZ 11-73
-GAZ 61-73
-GAZ 67 Amphibious armoured cars
-PB-4
-PB-7
-BAD-2
US ww2 US Trucks
-Ford B3000 S
-Ford V3000S
-Ford V3000A,
-Ford BB
-Ford V8-51
-Ford m1931
-Ford V8 M1937
-T1E1(M1) half-track
-T5 half-track
-T7 half-track
-T9 half-track
-G8T 2-1/2 ton 4x2 Truck
-International B2
-International model 1937
-Chevrolet m1931
-Chevrolet m1936
-Chevrolet G506 1.5 ton 4x4 truck
-Chevrolet G-7107 4-1/2 ton 4x4
-Chevrolet 3116 1-1/2 ton 4x2
-Studebaker US6x4 U7
-Studebaker US6x4 U-6
-Studebaker US6x6 U-5 6x4
-Studebaker US6 U4 bz35S 2-1/2 ton 6x6 truck
-Dodge 1⁄2-ton truck
-Dodge WC-51/52 (3⁄4-ton Trucks, Weapons Carrier)
-Dodge WC-53 (3⁄4-ton Carryall)
-Dodge WC-54/64 (3⁄4-ton Ambulance)
-Dodge WC-55 (3⁄4-ton Truck, M6 Gun Motor Carriage)
-Dodge WC-56/57/58 (3⁄4-ton (Radio) Command Reconnaissance)
-Dodge WC-62/43 (G-507, 11⁄2-ton, 6x6 truck)
-Dodge M6 GMC
-GMC CCKW Cargo Truck
-GMC CCKW 353 2-1/2 Ton Truck
-GMC SWB CCKW-352
-GMC 1939 ACKWX 353 3 ton 6x6 truck
-GMC AFWX-353 3 ton 6x4 truck
-GMC DUKW 353 2-1/2 ton 6x6 truck
-GMC C.O.E. AFKWX
-Diamond T Model 980/981 12-ton 6x4 trucks (G159)
-Diamond T Model 968 4-ton 6x6 truck (G509)
-Diamond T Model 967
-Diamond T Model 970
-Diamond T Model 972
-Diamond M26 Dragon Wagon
-Diamond M19 Tank Transporter
-Diamond T Model 980
-Diamond T 4-ton 6x6 truck
-Autocar U8144T 5/6-ton 4x4 truck
-Brockway/LaFrance 6-ton 6x6 truck, G512, 514, 547, 569
-White/Corbitt 6 ton 6x6 Prime Mover
-Brockway
-Corbitt
-Ward LaFrance
-Four Wheel Drive Auto Company (FWD) SU-COE 5-6 ton 4x4
-White Motor Company
-Inl KR-11 5 ton 4x2 dump truck
-Inl M5-6 318 2-1/2 ton 6x6 swb
-Mack NR15 10-ton 6x4
-Reo 28 XS 10-ton 6x4

US ww2 Small truck/car & Misc.
Bantam Reconnaissance Car
Ford GTB
6x6 Willys 'MT-TUG' ("Super-Jeep")
-Willys MB light truck
-Ford GPA ("Seep")
Buick Century Series 60
1941 Plymouth P11 Staff Car
Ford Fordor 1942 Staff Car
Harley-Davidson WLA motorcycle

Axis ww2 Axis Trucks


Purchase this pagemarker and support the site !

Sd.Kfz 2, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 were half-tracks designed just before the war as prime movers, to carry supplies, ammunition, personal, and tow artillery. Many were also converted during the war as armored versions carrying AA FLAK guns (Flakvierling, 37 mm, or the legendary 88 mm Rheinmetall als used as tank hunters), or were converted as nebelwerfer (rocket launching armored vehicles). They were built by Hanomag, Steyr, Mercedes-Benz, Bussing and many other manufacturers until 1945, over 20,000 half-tracks.

German ww2 German Military trucks
-Opel Blitz
-Opel Maultier
-Mercedes-Benz L3000
-Magirus A3000
-Krupp Protze Kfz.19
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.68
-Krupp Protze Kfz.69
-Krupp Protze Kfz.70
-Krupp Protze Kfz.81
-Krupp Protze Kfz.21
-Krupp Protze Kfz.83
-Borgward B 3000
-Skoda Rad Schlepper
-Ost RSO Porsche 175
-Steyr Type 2000A
-Einheits Lkw Kfz.62
-Krupp LKW L3
-Bussing-Nag 4500
-Opel Blitz Omnibus
-Bussing-Nag L
-Mercedes-Benz L1500
-Beute Studebaker
-Krupp L3H
-Hanomag SS-100
-Beute Ford B3000 S, V3000S, V3000A
-Beute Ford model BB
-Beute Ford model V8-51
-Beute Tatra 111

German ww2 German Staff Cars

-Horch 81
-Horch 108
-VW 182 Kübelwagen
-VW Schwimmwagen
-Sd.Kfz.2 Kettenkrad
italy ww2 Italian Military trucks
L. Trucks (Autocarro Leggere)
-Breda-32
-Breda-40
-Breda-41
-ОМ-32 Autocarretta da Montagna
-ОМ-36DM
-Camioneta SPA TL.37
-Camioneta AS.43
-SPA CL39
-SPA ТМ40
-Fiat 618

Med. Trucks (Autocarro Medio)
-Alfa Romeo 430RE
-Alfa Romeo 800RE
-Breda Dovunque-41
-Bianchi Miles
-Ceirano-50СМ
-FIAT-626 NM
-Isotta Fraschini D65
-Isotta Fraschini D80
-SPA Dovunque-35
-SPA Dovunque-41
-SPA AS.37
-SPA-38R
-Autocarro Dovunque SPA 41/42

H. Trucks (Autocarro Gigante)
-FIAT-633NM
-FIAT-634N
-FIAT-666
-Fiat 661
-Lancia Ro
-Lancia 3Ro
-Lancia EsaRo
-ОМ Taurus
-ОМ Titano
-Autocarreta Mod.35
-Autocarri Unificati Ursus

italy ww2 Artillery tractors
-Breda 51
-Breda 52
-Breda 61 (licenced SdKfz-7)
-Fiat-SPA T.L.37
-Pavesi Р4.31 (L140)
-Fiat 727 - half-track artillery tractor
-SPA TM40 - wheeled artillery tractor

italy ww2 Staff Cars -Alfa Romeo 6С2500 Coloniale
-Fiat 508M/CM Ballila
-Fiat 1100 (1937) (Balilla-1100 Coloniale)
-Lancia Aprilia Coloniale
-Bianchi VM 6C
-Fiat 2800 CMC

italy ww2 Motorcycles
-Benelli 500 M36/VLM
-Bianchi Supermil 500
-Gilera 500 LTE
-Moto Guzzi Alce/Trialce
-Volugrafo Aermoto 125
Japan ww2 IJA/IJN ww2 vehicles
-Toyota 4x4 Su-Ki (Amphibious truck)
-Isuzu Type 94 truck
-Type 94 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 95 Mini-truck
-Type 97 4-Wheeled Truck
-Type 1 6-Wheeled Truck
-Type 2 Heavy Truck
-Toyota KB/KC Truck
-Nissan 80 Truck
-Nissan 180 Truck
-Amphibious Truck "Su-Ki"

Japan ww2 Tractors
-Type 92 5 t Prime Mover "I-Ke"
-Type 98 6 t Prime Mover "Ro-Ke"
-Type 92 8 t Prime Mover "Ni-Ku"
-Type 95 13 t Prime Mover "Ho-Fu"
-Type 94 4 t Prime Mover "Yo-Ke"
-Type 98 4 t Prime Mover "Shi-Ke"
-Type 96 AA Gun Prime Mover
-Type 98 20 mm AA Machine Cannon Carrier
-Type 98 Half-tracked Prime Mover "Ko-Hi"
-Type 98 20 mm AA Half-Track Vehicle
-Experimental Heavy Gun Tractor Chi-Ke
-Experimental Crawler Truck
-T G Experimental Crawler Truck
-Fordson Prime Mover
-Pavessi Gun Tractor
-50 hp Gun Tractor
-Komatsu 3 ton Tractor
-Light Prime Mover
-Clarton Prime Mover
-Holt 30

Japan ww2 Staff cars
-Toyota AA/AB/AC
-Type 93 6/4-Wheeled Passenger Car
-Type 95 Passenger Car "Kurogane"
-Type 98 Passenger Car
-Model 97 Nissan Staff Car, Nissan 70

Japan ww2 Motorcycles
-Rikuo Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 97 Motorcycle
-Rikuo Type 93 side car

Japan ww2 Misc.
-Type 94 Ambulance
-Type 94 Repair Vehicle

Cold War

Section pending completion.
MAZ-543 * GAZ 67B * GAZ/UAZ-69 * ZIL-131 * GAZ 66 * KrAZ-214 * KrAZ-255 * KrAZ-260 * KZKT-7428 * MAZ-535 * MAZ-537 * MAZ-7310 * Ural 375 * URAL 4320 * ZIL-135 * ZIL-157 * ZIL-6

Mercedes Standard 4.5L * Unimog 404 2.5 standard
Willys Jeep CJ series * Jeep M606 * Jeep M38A1 * Jeep M170 * M151 Mutt * M422 Mighty Mite * CJ V-35(/U) * M274 4x4 "Mule" * M37 Series 4x4 "Power Wagon" * M35 Series 6x6 * M54 Series 6x6 * M123/M125 6x6 * M715 series 4x4 * M561 6x6 "Gamma Goat" * M656 Series 8x8 * M880 series 4x4 * M809 series 6x6 * M520 4x4 "Goer" * M915 series 6x4 * M911 C-MET 8x6 * CUCV M1008 4x4 * HMMWV 4x4 * M939 Series 6x6 * HEMTT M977 8x8
Land-Rover * Bedford RL * Bedford TK * Bedford KM * Bedford TM * AEC Militant * Austin K9 * AEC Mandator TEL
IFA G5
Nissan 2.5 Truck
Wanshan W-2600 * Beijing BJ212 * Dongfeng EQ240/EQ2081 * Dongfeng EQ245/EQ2100 * Dongfeng EQ2050 * FAW MV3 * Hanyang HY4260 * Hanyang HY4330 * HTF5680A1 * SFQ2040 LieYing * Xiaolong XL2060 * Jiefang CA-30 * NJ2045/2046 * Shaanxi SX2190 * Shaanxi SX2150 * TA580/TAS5380 * TA5450/TAS5450 * TAS5500 * TAS5570 * TAS5690 * Type 82 truck * WS2300 * WS2400 * WS2500 * WS2600 * WS21200 * WS51200
ACMAT VRLA * ACMAT VT4 * ACMAT ALTV * Hotchkiss M201/203 * Delahaye VLR * Peugeot P4 * Berliet GBC 8 KT * Berliet TBU * Berliet TF * Renault GBC 180 * Renault G290 * Renault CBH 385 * Renault Sherpa 5 * CAESAR SPG (Renault Sherpa 10) * MFRD * Renault Kerax * Renault 420 fuel truck * SUMB MH600BS * Renault SAMP-T * TRM-10000 * TRM-2000 * TRM-4000 * TRM-700-100